英语学习词典
  

approval

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approval [ ə'pru:vəl] n.赞成,同意;批准

行政审批制度 administrative approval system

终审权 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval

走穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to "

offer subject to sample approval 以样品确定后生效为准的报盘

project approval 项目许可

planning approval 规划许可

approval-in-principle
原则上批准

blanket approval
整体批准

official approval 官方批准

鉴定试验
approval test

定型试验
type approval test

nod one’s approval / nod in approval
点头表示同意

The father expressed approval of what the son did.
父亲对儿子的所作所为表示赞许。

Do the plans meet with your approval?
你赞成这些计划吗?

啊 [a ] /(a modal particle showing affirmation, approval, or consent)/

保留 [bǎo liú] /continue to have/retain/hold back/reserve/reservations/hold back (approval or acceptance)/to preserve/maintain/

私自 [sī zì] /(adv) secretly; privately; without explicit approval/

噫 [yī] /(interj. of approval)/belch/

{adj: accredited, commissioned, licensed, licenced} given official approval to act
"an accredited college"
"commissioned broker"
"licensed pharmacist"
"authorized representative"

{adj: admirable} inspiring admiration or approval
"among her many admirable qualities are generosity and graciousness"

{adj: approved, sanctioned} established by authority; given authoritative approval
"a list of approved candidates"

{adj: approving, approbative, approbatory, plausive} expressing or manifesting praise or approval
"approbative criticism"

{adj: contingent, contingent on, dependent on, dependant on, depending on} determined by conditions or circumstances not yet established
"arms sales contingent on the approval of congress"

{adj: extraordinary, over-the-top, sinful} far more than usual or expected
"an extraordinary desire for approval"
"it was an over-the-top experience"

{adj: pleasing} able to please or win approval

{adj: popular} regarded with great favor, approval, or affection especially by the general public
"a popular tourist attraction"
"a popular girl"
"cabbage patch dolls are no longer popular"
<-> unpopular

{adj: qualified} limited or restricted; not absolute
"gave only qualified approval"
<-> unqualified

{adj: unaccredited, unlicensed, unlicenced} lacking official approval

{adj: unpopular} regarded with disfavor or lacking general approval
"unpopular ideas"
"an unpopular war"
<-> popular

{adv: approvingly, with approval} in an approving manner
"she nodded approvingly"
<-> disapprovingly

{adv: favorably, favourably} showing approval
"he reviewed the play favorably"
<-> unfavorably

{adv: on approval} for examination (with an option to buy)
"they took the VCR on approval"

{adv: well} favorably; with approval
"their neighbors spoke well of them"
"he thought well of the book"
<-> ill

{n: Constantinople, Fourth Council of Constantinople} the council in 869 that condemned Photius who had become the patriarch of Constantinople without approval from the Vatican, thereby precipitating the schism between the eastern and western churches

{n: acclaim, acclamation, plaudits, plaudit, eclat} enthusiastic approval
"the book met with modest acclaim"
"he acknowledged the plaudits of the crowd"
"they gave him more eclat than he really deserved"

{n: admiration, esteem} a feeling of delighted approval and liking

{n: adoption, acceptance, acceptation, espousal} the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception
"its adoption by society"
"the proposal found wide acceptance"

{n: applause, hand clapping, clapping} a demonstration of approval by clapping the hands together

{n: approbation} official approval

{n: approbation} official recognition or approval
<-> disapprobation

{n: approval, commendation} a message expressing a favorable opinion
"words of approval seldom passed his lips"
<-> disapproval

{n: approval, favorable reception, favourable reception} acceptance as satisfactory
"he bought it on approval"

{n: approval} a feeling of liking something or someone good
"although she fussed at them, she secretly viewed all her children with approval"
<-> disapproval

{n: appro} an informal British abbreviation of approval
"he accepted it on appro"

{n: authority, authorization, authorisation, sanction} official permission or approval
"authority for the program was renewed several times"

{n: award, accolade, honor, honour, laurels} a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction
"an award for bravery"

{n: backing, backup, championship, patronage} the act of providing approval and support
"his vigorous backing of the conservatives got him in trouble with progressives"

{n: blessing, approval, approving} the formal act of approving
"he gave the project his blessing"
"his decision merited the approval of any sensible person"
<-> disapproval

{n: bonus, fillip} anything that tends to arouse
"his approval was an added fillip"

{n: bravo} a cry of approval as from an audience at the end of great performance

{n: cachet, seal, seal of approval} an indication of approved or superior status

{n: certificate of incorporation} state approval of the articles of incorporation of a corporation

{n: cheer} a cry or shout of approval

{n: connivance, secret approval, tacit consent} (law) tacit approval of someone's wrongdoing

{n: death squad} a clandestine military or paramilitary team who murder political dissidents or petty criminals (usually with the government's tacit approval)

{n: disapproval} a feeling of disliking something or what someone is doing
<-> approval

{n: disapproval} the act of disapproving or condemning
<-> approval

{n: disapproval} the expression of disapproval
<-> approval

{n: disfavor, disfavour, dislike, disapproval} an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group

{n: encouragement} the expression of approval and support
<-> discouragement

{n: exuberance, enthusiasm, ebullience} overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval

{n: handclap} a clap of the hands to indicate approval

{n: hand} a round of applause to signify approval
"give the little lady a great big hand"

{n: loan approval} formal authorization to get a loan (usually from a bank)

{n: nihil obstat} authoritative approval

{n: permission} approval to do something
"he asked permission to leave"

{n: phase III clinical trial, phase III} a large clinical trial of a treatment or drug that in phase I and phase II has been shown to be efficacious with tolerable side effects; after successful conclusion of these clinical trials it will receive formal approval from the FDA

{n: praise, congratulations, kudos, extolment} an expression of approval and commendation
"he always appreciated praise for his work"

{n: recognition, credit} approval
"give her recognition for trying"
"he was given credit for his work"
"give her credit for trying"
"the credits were given at the end of the film"

{n: referendum} a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate

{n: salvo} a sudden outburst of cheers
"there was a salvo of approval"

{n: sanction, countenance, endorsement, indorsement, warrant, imprimatur} formal and explicit approval
"a Democrat usually gets the union's endorsement"

{n: subscriber, endorser, indorser, ratifier} someone who expresses strong approval

{n: unpopularity} the quality of lacking general approval or acceptance
<-> popularity

{n: vote of confidence} an expression of approval and encouragement
"they gave the chairman a vote of confidence"

{n: wildcat strike} a strike undertaken by workers without approval from the officials of their union

{v: applaud, clap, spat, acclaim} clap one's hands or shout after performances to indicate approval
<-> boo

{v: applaud} express approval of
"I applaud your efforts"

{v: beam} express with a beaming face or smile
"he beamed his approval"

{v: carry, persuade, sway} win approval or support for
"Carry all before one"
"His speech did not sway the voters"

{v: cheer} show approval or good wishes by shouting
"everybody cheered the birthday boy"

{v: commend} express approval of

{v: connive at, wink at} give one's silent approval to

{v: grunt} issue a grunting, low, animal-like noise
"He grunted his reluctant approval"

{v: nod} express or signify by nodding
"He nodded his approval"

{v: praise} express approval of
"The parents praised their children for their academic performance"
<-> criticize

{v: recognize, recognise} show approval or appreciation of
"My work is not recognized by anybody!"
"The best student was recognized by the Dean"

{v: rubberstamp, handstamp} stamp with a rubber-stamp, usually an indication of official approval on a document

{v: second, back, endorse, indorse} give support or one's approval to
"I'll second that motion"
"I can't back this plan"
"endorse a new project"

He was noticeably uncomfortable, but managed a small smile as the crowd roared its approval.
他显然有点不自在,但面对观众的欢呼他还是竭力露出了一丝笑容。

British Airways confirmed it is in discussions to join up with KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, and Switzerland's SAir Group won approval to buy Belgium's Sabena Airlines.
英航证实它正在与荷兰皇家航空公司商讨合并事宜,而瑞士航空集团公司也获准购并比利时航空公司。

In China if you go through traditional industries, you need a lot of government approval and cash.
在中国,如果你从事传统工业,必须办理各审批手续,而且需要大量资金。

Its rival, F. Hoffmann-La Roche of Switzerland, introduced Tamiflu in October, 1999, but so far has won regulatory approval only in the U.S., Canada and Switzerland.
它的竞争对手,瑞士的罗氏药厂于 1999年 10月推出了名为 Tamiflu 的药物,但是到目前为止只在美国、加拿大和瑞士获得监管机构的批准。

Mr. Hale believes the astronauts will return home safely. But NASA has the space shutle Atlantis standing by just in case. "We said we had at the very bottom of the tricks in our bag would be to perform a rescue operation. We're nowhere near doing that. I expect that by flight day six, we're going to get approval to fly home as is. So, that's not even under consideration at this point," he said.
赫尔相信宇航员们将会安全返回。不过航空航天局还是让亚特兰蒂斯号航天飞机处于待命状态,以备万一。赫尔说:“我们说了,我们最后还有一招,那就是进行援救。但是我们还没到那种地步。我估计到了飞行第六天的时候,我们会得到飞机原样返回的准许。所以,我们眼下甚至还没有考虑援救的问题。”

G-four ambassadors, however, remain hopeful of garnering the 128 votes needed for approval of their plan. Germany's U.N. representative Gunter Pleuger says when faced with a decision, member states would have only two choices: the G-four plan, or the status quo.
但是四国驻联合国大使仍然对他们的计划能够赢得所需的128张赞成票抱有希望。德国驻联合国代表冈特.普洛伊格说,联合国成员国在面临决定时只有两种选择,不是四国计划便是保持现状。

He said now is the time for the G8 nations to produce concrete results, adding rhetoric alone would not educate a student, heal a patient or provide for an AIDS orphan. "What I hope will happen when the G8 meets next week is approval of proposals on aid and debt relief that are not only encouraging, but which will actually produce tangible benefits for the millions of Africans now living in abject poverty," he said.
他说,如今是八大发达国家拿出具体行动的时候了,他还说,光是纸上谈兵不能教育好一名学生,医治一个病人,或者供养一名艾滋病孤儿。史密斯说:“我盼望八强下星期会议上通过的关于援助和免除债务的提议不仅鼓舞人心,而且还能为目前处于赤贫状态的几百万非洲人带来切实的利益。”

Coming off a week of public opinion polls that show some of the lowest approval ratings of his presidency, Mr. Bush used his weekly radio address to remind Americans of the link he has made between the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq.
一个星期以来的民意调查显示,对布什的满意程度降到最低点。布什利用每星期例行的广播讲话提请美国人注意把他的表现同九一一恐怖袭击和美国进攻伊拉克联系起来。

Mr. Arafat's transition was most evident in his approval and support for secret peace talks that led to the Oslo peace accords. He signed the interim agreement with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin at the White House in 1993, amid high hopes for an end to decades of conflict.
阿拉法特最明显的转变是,他批准并支持举行秘密和平谈判,最后签署了奥斯陆和平协议。1993年,他与以色列总理拉宾在美国白宫签署了临时协议,希望最终结束巴以之间长达几十年的冲突。

AA Automatic Approval 自动许可证

approval 批准

type approval 产品定型;形式批准

STOA Subject to Owner’s approval 有待船东批准


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