英语学习词典
  

appropriate

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appropriate [ ə'prəupriit] a.适当的,恰当的

appropriate [ə'prəupriit] a.适当的

appropriate [ ə'prəupriit] v.拨款,盗用

appropriate [ə'prəupriit] 适当的

appropriate point below the minimum of the pay scale
低于起薪点的适当薪点

It is suggested that governments ought to make efforts to reduce the increasing gap between cities and countryside. They ought to set aside an appropriate fund for improvement of the standard of peasants' lives. They ought to invite some experts in agriculture to share their experiences, information and knowledge with peasants, which will contribute directly to the economic growth of rural areas.
建议政府应该努力减少正在拉大的城乡差距。应该划拨适当的资金提高农民的生活水平;应该邀请农业专家向农民介绍他们的经验,知识和信息,这些将有助于发展农村经济。

Extreme remedies are very appropriate for extreme diseases.
烈性药物对于重病是非常适宜的。

In science, the total absorption of the individual event in the generalization is the goal; on the other hand, the humanities are concerned rather with providing for the special meaning of the individual event within an appropriate general system.
自然科学以在归纳中全部吸收个别情况为目标,人文科学则更关心在适当的一般性体系之内提供个别情况的特殊意义。

Clothes of this kind are not appropriate for school wear.
这种衣服不适合在学校穿。

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word.
在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear.
朴素、简单的衣服适合在学校穿。

The chief promised to reveal his plan at an appropriate time.
这位负责人保证在适当的时侯公布他的计划。

The lawn was an appropriate place for Mary's wedding.
那块草地是玛丽举行婚礼的恰当的场所。

Articles in the popular press even criticize the Gross National Production (GNP) because it is not such a complete index of welfare, ignoring, on the one hand, that it was never intended to be, and suggesting, on the other, that with appropriate changes it could be converted into one.
流行期刊中甚至有文章批评国民生产总值,因为它并不是一个福利目录,一方面忽视了它从来就没有这种倾向,另一方面的建议是通过正确的改变它才能被转化过来。

我当然会生气了。
It's natural for me to get angry. *It's natural for...to “当然(自然)会”。
Why shouldn't I be angry?
I have a right to be upset!
My reaction is completely appropriate. (我这样的反应是自然的。) *appropriate “与目的、条件等相称的,适合的,恰当的”。

Thank you for your inquiry, but we cannot make you an offer right now because we are presently unable to obtain appropriate materials.
谢谢贵方询价,但我们不能马上发盘,因为目前我们得不到合适的原料。

Don't try to win a friend by presenting gifts. You should instead contribute your sincere love and learn how to win others 'heart through appropriate ways.
Socrates, Ancient Greek philosopher
不要靠馈赠去获得朋友,你必须奉献你诚挚的爱,学会怎样用正当的方法来赢得别人的心。
古希腊哲学家苏格拉底

appropriate for (to) 适合于。。。。。

appropriate v.拨款;盗用;恰当的

We’ve had a very good business relationship over the past years. I think this transaction would be more promising if you could make an appropriate reduction.
在过去的几年中,我们已经建立了良好的商业关系。我想如果你能适当降低价格,达成这笔交易是很有希望的。(是有“钱”景的,是有“钱”途的)

拨 [bō] /to push aside/to appropriate (money)/to move/to set aside/group/batch/to poke/to stir/

拨付 [bō fù] /appropriate sum of money/

得宜 [dé yí] /proper/appropriate/suitable/

恰当 [qià dàng] /appropriate/suitable/

恰如其份 [qià rú qí fèn] /appropriate/judicious/accurate (assessment, etc)/

恰如其分 [qià rú qí fèn] /(saying) to say or do something appropriate/

适当 [shì dàng] /suitable/appropriate/

适度 [shì dù] /moderately/appropriate/

适度微调 [shì dù wēi tiáo] /an appropriate amount of fine-tuning/

适宜 [shì yí] /suitable/appropriate/

妥当 [tuǒ dàng] /appropriate/proper/ready/

妥善 [tuǒ shàn] /appropriate/proper/

相当 [xiāng dāng] /equivalent to/appropriate/considerably/to a certain extent/fairly/

宜 [yí] /proper/should/suitable/appropriate/

If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.
如果你是你谈话对象集体中的一员,你就能够了解你们所共有的经历和问题,你就可对餐厅极难吃的食物或者总裁在选择领带方面差劲的品味进行评头论足。

While warnings are often appropriate and necessary — the dangers of drug interactions, for example — and many are required by state or federal regulations, it isn't clear that they actually protect the manufacturers and sellers from liability if a customer is injured.
虽然警示语常常是合理而必要的,如对药物副作用而产生的危险的警示语,并且很多是州或联邦法规所要求的,但是当消费者受伤,这些警示语能否真正保护制造商和销售商使之免于责任,这还很难说。

The first four chapters of Kitcher's book give a very brief introduction to evolution.
金切尔这本书的前四章简单地介绍了进化论。
At appropriate places, he introduces the criticisms of the creationists and provides answers.
作者在合适的地方引入了对创世纪论者的批评并提供了后者的回答。
In the last three chapters, he takes off his gloves and gives the creationists a good beating.
在书的后三章,他毫不客气地对创世纪论者进行了猛烈抨击。
He describes their programmes and tactics, and, for those unfamiliar with the ways of creationists, the extent of their deception and distortion may come as an unpleasant surprise.
他揭露了这些人的纲领和手段,对那些不了解创世纪论者惯用手法的人来说,其欺骗和歪曲事实的程度会让他们感到气愤和吃惊。
When their basic motivation is religious, one might have expected more Christian behavior.
由于他们的基本动机是宗教,人们原本还期待他们会做出更具基督精神的作为。

Recent court decisions have confirmed the right of all children — disabled or not — to an appropriate education, and have ordered that public schools take the necessary steps to provide that education.
最近的法庭裁决已再次确定了所有儿童——不论残疾与否——都有接受相适应的教育的权利,并已命令公立学校采取必要的措施来提供这种教育。
In response, schools are modifying their programs, adapting instruction to children who are exceptional, to those who cannot profit substantially from regular programs.
作为回应,学校也在调整课程安排,使授课能够适应特殊儿童,适应那些不能从常规课程中真正获益的儿童的需要。

{adj: advantageous, appropriate} appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness

{adj: apposite, appropriate, apt, pertinent} being of striking appropriateness and pertinence
"the successful copywriter is a master of apposite and evocative verbal images"
"an apt reply"

{adj: appropriable} that can be appropriated
"appropriable funds"

{adj: appropriate, harmonious} suitable and fitting
"the tailored clothes were harmonious with her military bearing"

{adj: appropriate, suitable, suited} meant or adapted for an occasion or use
"a tractor suitable (or fit) for heavy duty"
"not an appropriate (or fit) time for flippancy"

{adj: appropriated, condemned, confiscate, confiscated, seized, taken over} taken without permission or consent especially by public authority
"the condemned land was used for a highway cloverleaf"
"the confiscated liquor was poured down the drain"

{adj: appropriate} suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc
"a book not appropriate for children"
"a funeral conducted the appropriate solemnity"
"it seems that an apology is appropriate"
<-> inappropriate

{adj: apropos} of an appropriate or pertinent nature
<-> malapropos

{adj: arbitrable} appropriate for or subject to settlement by arbitration
"an arbitrable wage and health benefits policy"
"an arbitrable dispute"
<-> nonarbitrable

{adj: attuned, keyed, tuned} so adjusted as to be appropriate or brought into harmony
"an industry not attuned to the demands of the market"
"a remark keyed to the situation"
"charges finely tuned to the amount a student can afford"

{adj: befitting} appropriate to
"behavior befitting a father"

{adj: certified, qualified} holding appropriate documentation and officially on record as qualified to perform a specified function or practice a specified skill
"a registered pharmacist"
"a registered hospital"

{adj: charming, magic, magical, sorcerous, witching, wizard, wizardly} possessing or using or characteristic of or appropriate to supernatural powers
"charming incantations"
"magic signs that protect against adverse influence"
"a magical spell"
"'tis now the very witching time of night"- Shakespeare
"wizard wands"
"wizardly powers"

{adj: churchlike, churchly} resembling or suggesting or appropriate to a church
"churchlike silence"
"the pure fragrance of churchly incense"

{adj: clerical} appropriate for or engaged in office work
"clerical skills"
"a clerical job"
"the clerical staff"

{adj: common, vernacular, vulgar} being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language
"common parlance"
"a vernacular term"
"vernacular speakers"
"the vulgar tongue of the masses"
"the technical and vulgar names for an animal species"

{adj: condign} fitting or appropriate and deserved; used especially of punishment
"condign censure"

{adj: congruous} suitable or appropriate together

{adj: credible} a common but incorrect usage where `credulous' would be appropriate
"she was not the...credible fool he expected"

{adj: defensive} intended or appropriate for defending against or deterring aggression or attack
"defensive weapons"
"a defensive stance"
<-> offensive

{adj: defensive} serving as or appropriate for defending or protecting
"defensive fortifications"
"defensive dikes to protect against floods"

{adj: divine, godlike} appropriate to or befitting a god
"the divine strength of Achilles"
"a man of godlike sagacity"
"man must play God for he has acquired certain godlike powers"-R.H.Roveref

{adj: elegiac} resembling or characteristic of or appropriate to an elegy
"an elegiac poem on a friend's death"

{adj: equipped, equipt} provided or fitted out with what is necessary or useful or appropriate
"a well equipped playground"
"a ship equipped with every mechanical aid to navigation"
<-> unequipped

{adj: expedient} appropriate to a purpose; practical
"in the circumstances it was expedient to express loyalty"

{adj: felicitous} exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style
"a felicitous speaker"
<-> infelicitous

{adj: full-time} for the entire time appropriate to an activity
"a full-time job"
<-> part-time

{adj: grade-appropriate} the quality of ability and work that is appropriate for students in a specified grade

{adj: heaven-sent, providential, miraculous} peculiarly fortunate or appropriate; as if by divine intervention
"a heaven-sent rain saved the crops"
"a providential recovery"

{adj: heroic, heroical} having or displaying qualities appropriate for heroes
"the heroic attack on the beaches of Normandy"
"heroic explorers"

{adj: improper} not suitable or right or appropriate
"slightly improper to dine alone with a married man"
"improper medication"
<-> proper

{adj: inappropriate} not suitable for a particular occasion etc
"noise seems inappropriate at a time of sadness"
"inappropriate shoes for a walk on the beach"
"put inappropriate pressure on them"
<-> appropriate

{adj: inexpedient, unwise} not appropriate to the purpose

{adj: infelicitous} not appropriate in application; defective
"an infelicitous remark"
"infelicitous phrasing"
"the infelicitous typesetting was due to illegible copy"
<-> felicitous

{adj: judicial} belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge
"judicial robes"

{adj: juvenile} of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people
"juvenile diabetes"
"juvenile fashions"

{adj: literary} appropriate to literature rather than everyday speech or writing
"when trying to impress someone she spoke in an affected literary style"

{adj: locker-room} relating to or appropriate for a locker room
"locker-room humor"

{adj: man-sized} very large; appropriate to the size of a man
"a man-sized piece of cake"

{adj: nonarbitrable} not appropriate for or subject to arbitration
<-> arbitrable

{adj: nonhuman} not human; not belonging to or produced by or appropriate to human beings
"nonhuman primates such as chimpanzees"
<-> human

{adj: nouveau-riche, parvenu, parvenue, upstart} characteristic of someone who has risen economically or socially but lacks the social skills appropriate for this new position

{adj: outfitted} equipped with appropriate wearing apparel and accessories
"children properly outfitted for school"
"equipt in the...national dress of the Scottish people"- Sir Walter Scott

{adj: proper, right, suitable, suited} appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs
"everything in its proper place"
"the right man for the job"
"she is not suitable for the position"
"he is not a suitable husband for her"

{adj: rewardable} appropriate for receiving a reward

{adj: sporty} appropriate for sport or engagement in a sport

{adj: starting} appropriate to the beginning or start of an event
"the starting point"
"hands in the starting position"

{adj: timely, seasonable, well-timed, well timed} done or happening at the appropriate or proper time
"a timely warning"
"with timely treatment the patient has a good chance of recovery"
"a seasonable time for discussion"
"the book's publication was well timed"

{adj: undue} not appropriate or proper (or even legal) in the circumstances
"undue influence"
"I didn't want to show undue excitement"
"accused of using undue force"
<-> due

{adj: unsuitable, improper, wrong} not appropriate for a purpose or occasion
"unsuitable attire for the office"
"said all the wrong things"

{adj: upscale} appropriate for people with good incomes
"an upscale neighborhood"
"an upscale motel"

{adj: u} (chiefly British) of or appropriate to the upper classes especially in language use

{adv: appropriately, suitably, fittingly, befittingly, fitly} in an appropriate manner
"he was appropriately dressed"
<-> inappropriately, unsuitably

{adv: in due course, in due season, in good time, in due time, when the time comes} at the appropriate time
"we'll get to this question in due course"

{adv: regally} in a regal manner
"a regally appropriate representative"

{adv: well} to a suitable or appropriate extent or degree
"the project was well underway"
"the fetus has well developed organs"
"his father was well pleased with his grades"

{n: Tazir crime} (Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way
"in some Islamic nations Tazir crimes are set by legislation"

{n: accounting principle, accounting standard} a principle that governs current accounting practice and that is used as a reference to determine the appropriate treatment of complex transactions

{n: advice} a proposal for an appropriate course of action

{n: analyst} an expert who studies financial data (on credit or securities or sales or financial patterns etc.) and recommends appropriate business actions

{n: appanage, apanage} any customary and rightful perquisite appropriate to your station in life
"for thousands of years the chair was an appanage of state and dignity rather than an article of ordinary use"

{n: appropriateness, rightness} appropriate conduct; doing the right thing
<-> inappropriateness

{n: arability} the quality of land that is appropriate for cultivation

{n: capital offense} a crime so serious that capital punishment is considered appropriate

{n: celebration, solemnization, solemnisation} the public performance of a sacrament or solemn ceremony with all appropriate ritual
"the celebration of marriage"

{n: city council} a municipal body that can pass ordnances and appropriate funds etc.

{n: congruity, congruousness, congruence} the quality of agreeing; being suitable and appropriate
<-> incongruity, incongruousness

{n: cornerstone} a stone in the exterior of a large and important building; usually carved with a date and laid with appropriate ceremonies

{n: costume} unusual or period attire not characteristic of or appropriate to the time and place
"in spite of the heat he insisted on his woolen costume"

{n: diplomate} medical specialist whose competence has been certified by a diploma granted by an appropriate professional group

{n: discretionary trust} a trust that gives the trustee discretion to pay the beneficiary as much of the trust income as the trustee believes appropriate

{n: due process, due process of law} (law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles; based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards

{n: dyscalculia} impaired ability to learn grade-appropriate mathematics

{n: ecclesiastical attire, ecclesiastical robe} attire that is appropriate to wear in a church

{n: ecclesiasticism} religion appropriate to a church and to ecclesiastical principles and practices

{n: enabling act, enabling clause} a provision in a law that confers on appropriate officials the power to implement or enforce the law

{n: enabling legislation} legislation that gives appropriate officials the authority to implement or enforce the law

{n: extravagance, extravagancy} the quality of exceeding the appropriate limits of decorum or probability or truth
"we were surprised by the extravagance of his description"

{n: felicity, felicitousness} pleasing and appropriate manner or style (especially manner or style of expression)
<-> infelicity

{n: gift shop, novelty shop} a shop that sells miscellaneous articles appropriate as gifts

{n: guidepost, guideline, rule of thumb} a rule or principle that provides guidance to appropriate behavior

{n: introit} a composition of vocal music that is appropriate for opening church services

{n: key} metal device shaped in such a way that when it is inserted into the appropriate lock the lock's mechanism can be rotated

{n: mot juste} the appropriate word or expression

{n: music paper, score paper} paper with lines appropriate for writing music

{n: musical drama} opera in which the musical and dramatic elements are equally important; the music is appropriate to the action

{n: overabundance, overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance} a quantity that is more than what is appropriate
"four-year-olds have an overabundance of energy"
"we received an inundation of email"

{n: parental quality} a quality appropriate to a parent

{n: perseverance, persistence, perseveration} the act of persisting or persevering; continuing or repeating behavior
"his perseveration continued to the point where it was no longer appropriate"

{n: place} proper or appropriate position or location
"a woman's place is no longer in the kitchen"

{n: position} the appropriate or customary location
"the cars were in position"

{n: posology} the pharmacological determination of appropriate doses of drugs and medicines

{n: preemption, pre-emption} the right of a government to seize or appropriate something (as property)

{n: prescriptivism} (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements prescribe appropriate attitudes and behavior

{n: propriety, properness, correctitude} correct or appropriate behavior
<-> improperness, impropriety

{n: psychological moment} the most appropriate time for achieving a desired effect

{n: purification, purgation} a ceremonial cleansing from defilement or uncleanness by the performance of appropriate rites

{n: redact, redactor, reviser, rewriter, rewrite man} someone who puts text into appropriate form for publication

{n: referral} the act of referring (as forwarding an applicant for employment or referring a matter to an appropriate agency)

{n: refill} a commercial product that refills a container with its appropriate contents
"he got a refill for his ball-point pen"
"he got a refill for his notebook"

{n: scheduler} computer hardware that arranges jobs to be done by the computer in an appropriate order

{n: semicoma} a mild comatose state; a coma from which the person can be roused by appropriate stimuli

{n: slang, slang expression, slang term} informal language consisting of words and expressions that are not considered appropriate for formal occasions; often vituperative or vulgar
"their speech was full of slang expressions"

{n: social activity} activity considered appropriate on social occasions

{n: stationery, letter paper} paper cut to an appropriate size for writing letters; usually with matching envelopes

{n: ticket, just the ticket} the appropriate or desirable thing
"this car could be just the ticket for a small family"

{n: title} an appellation signifying nobility
"`your majesty' is the appropriate title to use in addressing a king"

{n: token economy} a form of behavior therapy that has been used in some mental institutions; patients are rewarded with tokens for appropriate behavior and the tokens may be cashed in for valued rewards

{n: zeugma} use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one
"`Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave' is an example of zeugma"

{v: allow, appropriate, earmark, set aside, reserve} give or assign a share of money or time to a particular person or cause
"I will earmark this money for your research"

{v: appropriate, capture, seize, conquer} take possession of by force, as after an invasion
"the invaders seized the land and property of the inhabitants"
"The army seized the town"
"The militia captured the castle"

{v: behoove, behove} be appropriate or necessary
"IT behooves us to reflect on this matter"

{v: embezzle, defalcate, peculate, misappropriate, malversate} appropriate (as property entrusted to one's care) fraudulently to one's own use
"The accountant embezzled thousands of dollars while working for the wealthy family"

{v: interrogate} transmit (a signal) for setting off an appropriate response, as in telecommunication

{v: position} cause to be in an appropriate place, state, or relation

{v: preoccupy} occupy or take possession of beforehand or before another or appropriate for use in advance
"the army preoccupied the hills"

{v: resize} change the size of ; make the size more appropriate

{v: route} send documents or materials to appropriate destinations

The storyline may be a little weak but the action is so powerful and realistic, with the audience being covered in sprayed water and fake smoke at appropriate times, that you feel you are part of the movie.
故事情节也许有点单薄,但动作场景却是如此地火爆、逼真。在适当的时候,观众会被喷上一身水雾,并被笼罩在人造硝烟之中,使你觉得自己成了电影的一部分。

Thanks largely to her efforts, Congress passed legislation to appropriate $ 100 million for cancer research, and the National Cancer Act became law.
在很大程度上是由于她的努力,国会通过立法拨款一亿美元用于癌症研究,国家癌症法案成为了法律。

The first in our group to have a go, I was seated in a photographic booth and, after tilting my head at an appropriate angle and lifting an eyebrow at the cameraman's request, he snapped away.
作为我们这个旅行团中第一个尝试的人,我被安排坐在一个拍照亭里,我按摄影师的要求将脑袋扭向了合适的角度并抬了抬眉头,他按动了快门儿。

The range of services and products makes sense considering the contrast between satisfying a diplomat's personal banking needs, for which First Union's offshore mutual funds or an investment in its " tax-efficient " products may be appropriate, and the requirements of the defence, trade and industry, economy and cultural sections of an embassy.
服务及产品的范围使得有必要考虑满足一个外交官的个人银行业务需要-在这一方面,第一联合公司的国外投资信托或在其 "税效 "产品上的投资可能较为合适-与满足一个使馆的防卫、贸易和工业、经济及文化各部门需要之间的显著差异。

After an exhilarating hour on my snowmobile, rushing over a postcard landscape of pristine snow, weaving between pine trees and atop frozen lakes, it seems entirely appropriate to stop and phone home.
我驾驶摩托雪橇急驰过风景如画、白雪皑皑的大地,穿梭于松林中和冰冻的湖面上。如此心旷神怡一个小时之后,看来该停下来歇歇并往家里打个电话了。

Usage information allows companies to better target advertising to appropriate eyeballs.
使用这些信息能让广告更具有针对性。

When appropriate, home testing can broaden into a comprehensive service that includes laboratory analysis, professional counseling and privacy protection.
在适当时候,家庭测试可扩大到全面的服务,其中包括化验室分析、专业性咨询和隐私保护。

By taking up positions in close physical proximity to every interneuronal connection coming from all our sense organs( e.g., eyes, ears, skin), the nanobots can suppress all the inputs coming from the real senses and replace them with the signals that would be appropriate for a virtual environment.
将毫微自动仪放在紧接来自所有感觉器官(即眼睛、耳朵、皮肤)的每一个神经元间连接的位置,它能够抑制所有来自真实感官的信息,并用虚拟环境的适当信号来替代它们。

It's difficult to divine what constitutes an appropriate tip in any country.
知道在每一个国家该给多少小费并不容易。

In one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality for that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex, an auditory sensation from the auditory cortex, and so on.
对于这一观点,不乏某些证据。在某个实验中,当电流刺激联通到一个有意识的人类测试者大脑脑皮层(cerebral cortex)某一特定感觉区域时,它便产生了一种与那个特定区位相应的感觉形式(modality),亦即是说,自视觉脑皮层产生一视觉的感觉,自听觉脑皮层产生一听觉的感觉,以此类推。

Since science tries to deal with reality, even the most precise sciences normally work with more or less imperfectly understood approximations toward which scientists must maintain an appropriate skepticism.
由于科学所处理的是现实,因而,即使是最为精确的科学门类一般而言在进行研究时都会带有一些或多或少未被透彻理解的近似值,而科学家针对这些近似值必须保持一种恰如其分的怀疑。

Physicists, looking at the original Schrodinger equation, learn to sense in it the presence of many invisible terms in addition to the differential terms visible, and this sense inspires an entirely appropriate disregard for the purely technical features of the equation.
物理学家在看待原初的薛定谔方程式的过程中,懂得在该方程式中感觉到,除了那些显而易见的微分项(differentialterm)之外,还存在着许多隐而不见的数项,而这种感觉激发起一种完全恰当的对该方程式纯粹的技术特征予以忽略不计。

Historians have always used such explanations when they were appropriate and when there was sufficient evidence for them.
当它们是恰当的时候,并有充分的证据为其提供依据时,史学家们一贯在利用这样的解释。

Most of the Ice Age spans a period of time for which no element has as appropriate decay rate.
冰川期中的绝大部分所跨越的是这样一个时期,对于这一时期,没有任何元素能拥有一种恰如其分的衰变率。

Colonno, taking advantage of these common receptors, devised a strategy for blocking the attachment of rhinoviruses to their appropriate receptors.
科鲁诺(Colonno)利用这些普通受体,构想出一种策略,用于阻遏鼻病毒附着于它们相应的受体。

This cultural and political emphasis is appropriate, but the colonialist thinkers misdirect it, overlooking the class relations at work in both Puerto Rican and North American history.
这种文化的和政治的强调不可谓不恰当,但殖民论思想家们矛头指向却失之偏颇,对波多黎各和北美历史中起着作用的阶级关系视而不见。

By appropriate breeding, Watanabe obtained a strain of rabbits that had very high cholesterol levels.
通过恰当的繁殖,渡边君获得了一类拥有极高胆固醇含量的老鼠。

A White House spokesman says the United States will provide appropriate aid and says some relief is already on its way to Sri Lanka and the Maldives. U.S. officials say they will provide further assistance in cooperation with other countries and international organizations, including the United Nations.
白宫发言人表示美国将会提供适当的援助,并且一些救济物质已经在运往斯里兰卡和马尔代夫的途中了。一些美国官员表示他们将配合其它的国家和包括联合国在内的国际组织提供进一步的援助。

Mr. Kennedy gave no details as to the nature of the threat. But he says embassy facilities in New Delhi remain open. "No facilities have been closed in Delhi but the embassy based on that threat information is alerting the American community to take appropriate steps."
肯尼迪没有透露有关威胁性质的详情。但是,他说,“新德里美国大使馆的机关没有关闭。不过大使馆根据得到的威胁信息告诫美国人采取适当的预防措施。”

适用技术 Appropriate technology

It is appropriate that 恰当的是,应该……

Chapter IV 第四章
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90)
内分泌、营养及新陈代谢疾病 (E00-E90)
Note: All neoplasms, whether functionally active or not, are
classified in Chapter Ⅱ. Appropriate codes in this chapter (i.e. E05.8, E07.0, E16-E31,
E34.-) may be used, if desired, as additional codes to indicate either functional activity
by neoplasms and ectopic endocrine tissue or hyperfunction and hypofunction of endocrine
glands associated with neoplasms and other conditions classified elsewhere.
注 : 不管有无 ( 内分泌 ) 功能 , 所有肿瘤皆归类於
第二章 , 本章有适当的释码可以使用 (如E05.8,E07.0,E16-E31,E34.-)
如有需要 , 可使用附码确认是由肿瘤及异位内分泌
腺所引起的功能活动或是与肿瘤及他处归类的病况
有关的内分泌腺的功能亢进或功能低下。
Excludes: complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the
puerperium (O00-O09)
symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
(R00-R99)
transitory endocrine and metabolic disorders specific to fetus and newborn (P70-P74)
不包含 : 怀孕、生产及产褥期的并发症 (O00-O99)
症状、候与他处未归类之临床及实验室异常所见
(R00-R99)
胎儿及新生儿特有的短暂性内分泌及新陈代谢疾患
(P70-P74)

F20.4
Post-schizophrenic depression
A depressive episode, which may he prolonged, arising in the aftermath of a sehizophrenie
illness. Some sehizophrenie symptoms, either "positive" or "negative",
must still be present but they no longer dominate the clinical picture. These depressive
states are associated with an increased risk of suicide. If the patient no longer has any
schizophrenic symptoms, a depressive episode should be diagnosed (F32.-). If schizophrenic
symptoms are still florid and prominent, the diagnosis should remain that of the
appropriate of the schizophrenic subtype (F20.0-F20.3) .
精神分裂後忧郁症 
它是一种精神分裂症恢复期之郁症发作 , 它可能是
持久性之郁症发作。一定要有某些精神分裂症症状
, 但已不明显 , 这些症状可能是正性或负性症状。
此郁症与自杀率升高有相关性。若病人已无精神分
裂症症状 , 则应诊断为郁症发作 (F32.-) 。若仍有丰富
而明显的精神分裂症症状 , 则仍应将其归类於适合
的精神分裂症亚型分类 (F20.0-F20.3) 。 

F52.1
Sexual aversion and lack of sexual enjoyment
Either the prospect of sexual interaction produces sufficient fear or anxiety that sexual
activity is avoided (sexual aversion) or sexual responses occur normally and orgasm is
experienced but there is a lack of appropriate pleasure (lack of sexual enjoyment).
Anhedonia (sexual)
厌性症及乏性乐症
此类病人对性交感到恐惧或焦虑 , 因而避免性活动
( 厌性症 ) , 或是虽然有性交方面的正常反应 , 性
交也有到达高潮 , 但并未感受到适当的愉悦 ( 乏性
乐症 ) 。
( 性方面的 ) 无兴致症

F80.0
Specific speech articulation disorder  
A specific developmental disorder in which the child's use of speech sounds is below the
appropriate level for its mental age, but in which there is a normal level of language
skills.
Developmental:
. phonological disorder
. speech articulation disorder
Dyslalia
Functional speech articulation disorder
Lalling
Excludes: speech articulation impairment (due to):
. aphasia NOS (R47.0)
. apraxia (R48.2)
. hearing loss (H90-H91)
. mental retardation (F70-F79)
. with language developmental disorder:
. expressive (F80.1)
. receptive (F80.2)
特定语言构音障碍症
这种特定发展障碍症的儿童其语言构音能力明显低
於其心智年龄 , 但其语言技巧则为正常。
. 发展性构音障碍症
. 发展性语言障碍症
构音困难
功能性构音障碍症
婴儿样语言
不包含 :
. 失语症 , 其他未明示者 (R47.0)
. 失用症 (R48.2)
. 听力丧失 (H90-H91)
. 智能不足 (F70-F79)
. 表达性、接受性语言发展障碍症 (F80.1及F80.2)

F80.1
Expressive language disorder  
A specific developmental disorder in which the child's ability to use expressive spoken
language is markedly below the appropriate level for its mental age, but in which language
comprehension is within normal limits. There may or may not be abnormalities in
articulation.
Developmental dysphasia or aphasia, expressive type
Excludes: acquired aphasia with epilepsy [Landau-Kleffner] (F80.3)
developmental dysphasia or aphasia, receptive type (F80.2)
dysphasia and aphasia NOS (R47.0)
elective mutism (F94.0)
mental retardation (F70-F79)
pervasive developmental disorders (F84.-)
表达性语言障碍症 
这种特定发展障碍症的儿童其表达性语言的能力明
显低於其心智年龄所应有的水准 , 但其语言理解性
仍在正常范围内。其构音可能正常或异常。
发展性言语困难或失语症 ( 表达型 )
不包含 : 後天失语症 ( 或蓝道 - 克莱夫勒徵候群 )
(F80.3)
其他未明示之言语困难或失语症 (R47.0)
选择性不语症 (F94.0)
智能不足 (F70-F79)
广泛性发展障碍症 (F84.-)

f80.2
Receptive language disorder  
A specific developmental disorder in which the child's understanding of language is below
the appropriate level for its mental age. In virtually all cases expressive language will
also be markedly affected and abnormalities in word-sound production are common.
Congenital auditory imperception
Developmental:
. dysphasia or aphasia, receptive type
. ernicke's aphasia
Word deafness
Excludes: acquired aphasia with epilepsy [Landau-Kleffner] (F80.3)
autism (F84.0-F84.1)
dysphasia and aphasia:
. NOS (R47.0)
. expressive type (F80.1)
elective mutism (F94.0)
language delay due to deafness (H90-H91)
mental retardation (F70-F79)
接受性语言障碍症 
这是一种儿童了解语言的能力比其心智年龄为低的
特殊发展障碍症。实际上所有个案的表达性语言及
语音形成都有明显障碍。
先天性听觉不良症
. 发展性接受性言语困难或失语症
. 发展性魏尼凯氏失语症
听语聋


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