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appetite

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appetite [ 'æpitait] n.食欲,胃口;欲望

appetite ['æpitait] n.食欲,胃口,欲望

appetite [ 'æpitait] n.胃口,食欲

He has a gignatic appetite, and eats gigantic meals.
他食量很大,能吃很多食物。

It's good to have some pepper to arouse the appetite.
先吃点辣椒开开胃不错。

我没有一点儿食欲。
I don't have any appetite. *appetite“食欲”。
I don't have any appetite. (我没有食欲。)
You should eat something. (那你也得吃点儿东西。)
I don't have much of an appetite these days. (最近我没什么食欲。)

A good appetite is a good sauce.
饥不择食。

Appetite comes with eating.
食欲越吃越旺。

Money may be the husk of many things, but not the kernel. It brings you food, but not appetite; medicine, but not health; acquaintances, but not friends; servants, but not loyalty; days of joy, but not peace of happiness.
Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian dramatist
金钱可以是许多东西的外壳,却不是里面的果实。它带来食物,却带不来胃口;带来药,却带不来健康;带来相识,却带不来友谊;带来仆人,却带不来他们的忠心;带来享受,却带不来幸福的宁静。
挪威剧作家易卜生.H

His symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, excessive fatigue, fever and chills.
他的症状包括没有食欲、体重减轻、非常疲倦、发烧和发冷。

@@@ 向往, 渴望
anxious to 渴望
appetite for ...的欲望
aspire to 渴望
be eager to 渴望
count on 依靠, 指望
count the days 迫切地盼望某时刻的到来
dream of 梦想; 向往
hope for 希望, 期待
hunger for 渴望, 渴求
long for 渴望
look forward to 期望, 等待
thirst for 渴望...
yearn for sth. & yearn to do sth. 向往, 渴望

appetite n.胃口;食欲

爱好 propensity; appetite; be fond of; gusto; hobby; incline; interest; liking; love; relish; affect

败胃 [bài wèi] /spoil one's appetite/

食欲 [shí yù] /appetite/

欲 [yù] /desire/longing/appetite/wish/

{adj: abstinent, abstentious} self-restraining; not indulging an appetite especially for food or drink
"not totally abstinent but abstemious"

{adj: animal, carnal, fleshly, sensual} marked by the appetites and passions of the body
"animal instincts"
"carnal knowledge"
"fleshly desire"
"a sensual delight in eating"
"music is the only sensual pleasure without vice"

{adj: anorectic, anorexigenic} causing loss of appetite
"an anorectic (or anorexigenic) drug"

{adj: appetitive} of or relating to appetite
"appetitive needs"

{adj: appetizing, appetising} appealing to or stimulating the appetite especially in appearance or aroma
<-> unappetizing

{adj: edacious, esurient, rapacious, ravening, ravenous, voracious, wolfish} devouring or craving food in great quantities
"edacious vultures"
"a rapacious appetite"
"ravenous as wolves"
"voracious sharks"

{adj: gluttonous} given to excess in consumption of especially food or drink
"over-fed women and their gluttonous husbands"
"a gluttonous debauch"
"a gluttonous appetite for food and praise and pleasure"
<-> abstemious

{adj: hearty} consuming abundantly and with gusto
"a hearty (or healthy) appetite"

{adj: insatiate, insatiable, unsatiable} impossible to satisfy
"an insatiate appetite"
"an insatiable demand for old buildings to restore"
"his passion for work was unsatiable"
<-> satiate

{adj: intemperate, hard, heavy} given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors
"a hard drinker"

{adj: satiable, satisfiable} capable of being sated
"a satiable thirst"
"a satiable appetite"

{adj: self-indulgent} indulgent of your own appetites and desires
"a self-indulgent...way of looking at life"- Havelock Ellis

{adj: wholesome} sound or exhibiting soundness in body or mind
"exercise develops wholesome appetites"
"a grin on his ugly wholesome face"

{n: abstinence} act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite

{n: amphetamine, pep pill, upper, speed} a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression

{n: animalism, physicality} preoccupation with satisfaction of physical drives and appetites

{n: anorexia} a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite

{n: appetite, appetency, appetence} a feeling of craving something
"an appetite for life"
"the object of life is to satisfy as many appetencies as possible"- Granville Hicks

{n: appetizer, appetiser, starter} food or drink to stimulate the appetite (usually served before a meal or as the first course)

{n: appetizingness, appetisingness} the property of stimulating the appetite
<-> unappetizingness

{n: digestion} learning and coming to understand ideas and information
"his appetite for facts was better than his digestion"

{n: free living} a lifestyle given to easy indulgence of the appetites

{n: free-liver} someone who gratifies physical appetites (especially for food and drink) with more than the usual freedom

{n: gastritis} inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating

{n: intemperance, intemperateness, self-indulgence} excess in action and immoderate indulgence of bodily appetites, especially in passion or indulgence
"the intemperance of their language"

{n: liver cancer, cancer of the liver} malignant neoplastic disease of the liver usually occurring as a metastasis from another cancer; symptoms include loss of appetite and weakness and bloating and jaundice and upper abdominal discomfort

{n: malabsorption syndrome} a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis

{n: methamphetamine, methamphetamine hydrochloride, Methedrine, meth, deoxyephedrine, chalk, chicken feed, crank, glass, ice, shabu, trash} an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant

{n: satisfaction} act of fulfilling a desire or need or appetite
"the satisfaction of their demand for better services"

{n: stomach} an appetite for food
"exercise gave him a good stomach for dinner"

{n: suppressant, appetite suppressant} a drug that suppresses appetite

{n: sweet tooth} a strong appetite for sweet food

{n: type I diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM, juvenile-onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes, growth-onset diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, autoimmune diabetes} severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease

{n: unappetizingness, unappetisingness} the property of spoiling the appetite
<-> appetizingness

{n: vitamin B1, thiamine, thiamin, aneurin, antiberiberi factor} a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth

{v: cloy, pall} cause surfeit through excess though initially pleasing
"Too much spicy food cloyed his appetite"

{v: crave, hunger, thirst, starve, lust} have a craving, appetite, or great desire for

{v: dull} make less lively or vigorous
"Middle age dulled her appetite for travel"

{v: mortify, subdue, cricify} hold within limits and control
"subdue one's appetites"
"mortify the flesh"

{v: mortify} practice self-denial of one's body and appetites

{v: stimulate, excite, stir} stir feelings in
"stimulate my appetite"
"excite the audience"
"stir emotions"

{v: surfeit} indulge (one's appetite) to satiety

{v: whet, quicken} make keen or more acute
"whet my appetite"

{v: work up, get up} develop
"we worked up an as of an appetite"

F32
Depressive episode
In typical mild, moderate, or severe depressive episodes, the patient suffers from
lowering of mood, reduction of energy, and decrease in activity. Capacity for enjoyment,
interest, and concentration is reduced, and marked tiredness after even minimum effort is
common. Sleep is usually disturbed and appetite diminished. Self-esteem and self-
confidence are almost always reduced and, even in the mild form, some ideas of guilt or
worthlessness are often present. The lowered mood varies little from day to day, is
unresponsive to circumstances and may be accompanied by so-called "somatic"
symptoms, such as loss of interest and pleasurable feelings, waking in the morning several
hours before the usual time, depression worst in the morning, marked psychomotor
retardation, agitation, loss of appetite, weight loss, and loss of libido. Depending upon
the number and severity of the symptoms, a depressive episode may be specified as mild,
moderate or severe.
Includes: single episodes of:
. depressive reaction
. psychogenic depression
. reactive depression
Excludes: adjustment disorder (F43.2)
recurrent depressive disorder (F33.-)
when associated with conduct disorders in F91.- (F92.0)
郁症发作 
典型的轻度 (F32.0) 、中度 (F32.1) 或重度 (F32.2及.3) 忧郁症发
作 , 患者通常有忧郁情绪 , 体力下降 , 活动降低。
快乐感、兴趣、注意力均减低 , 只稍微做事後即有
明显的疲倦是常见的。睡眠障碍 , 食欲减低 , 自我
评价与自信减低 , 有罪恶感与无用感的意念 ( 甚至
在轻度忧郁发作时亦存在 ) 。每一天的情绪持续低
潮 , 变化不大 , 对生活情境常无反应。
上述症状中的一些项目可能很显着 , 且展现特异之
表徵 , 此特异表徵被普遍地认为有特殊临床意义。
最典型的例子是所谓的 " 常伴有身体性 (somatic) 症状 ″
, 如失去兴趣或快乐感 , 较平日睡醒时间更早数小
时睡醒 , 一天之中早上更加忧郁 , 精神运动迟滞或
激动 , 丧失食欲 , 体重减轻 , 丧失性欲。由上述症
状数目与严重度 , 可以区分为轻度 (F32.0) 、中度 (F32.1)
及重度 (F32.3及.3) 忧郁发作。 
包含 : 单一次发作 :
. 忧郁反应 
. 心因性忧郁 
. 反应性忧郁 
不包含 : 适应障碍症 (F43.2)  
复发性郁症 (F33.-)
伴有 F91.- 之行为障碍症 (F92.0)  

F50.0
Anorexia nervosa  
A disorder characterized by deliberate weight loss, induced and sustained by the patient.
It occurs most commonly in adolescent girls and young women, but adolescent boys and young
men may also be affected, as may children approaching puberty and older women up to the
menopause. The disorder is associated with a specific psychopathology whereby a dread of
fatness and flabbiness of body contour persists as an intrusive overvalued idea, and the
patients impose a low weight threshold on themselves. There is usually undernutrition of
varying severity with secondary endocrine and metabolic changes and disturban- ces of
bodily function. The symptoms include restricted dietary choice, excessive exercise,
induced vomiting and purgation, and use of appetite suppressants and diuretics.
Excludes: loss of appetite (R63.0)
.psychogenic (F50.8)
厌食症
此病之特徵在於出现由病人所主动引起且蓄意要继
续下去的体重减轻。它最常出现在青春期女孩和年
轻女性成人 , 但青春期男孩和年轻男性成人 , 甚至
接近青春期的儿童和年纪较大接近停经年龄的女性
也可能出现。此种疾患伴随有特殊的精神病理 , 也
就是病人会持续地过份恐惧肥胖和身体轮廓的松弛
变形 , 因而强迫自己的体重必须到达一很低的程度
。往往病人会出现不同程度的营养不良 , 伴随有续
发性的内分泌与代谢上的改变以及身体功能的障碍
。病人表现的症状还包含自我限制饮食的选择性 ,
过度运动 , 自己引发的呕吐和吃泻药 , 以及使用食
欲抑制剂及利尿剂。
不包含 : 丧失食欲 (R63.0)
. 心因性丧失食欲 (F50.8)

F50.8
Other eating disorders
Pica in adults
Psychogenic loss of appetite
Excludes: pica of infancy and childhood (F98.3)
其他饮食障碍症
成年人之异食症
心因性丧失食欲
不包含 : 婴儿及儿童期之异食症 (F98.3)

F92.0
Depressive conduct disorder
This category requires the combination of conduct disorder (F91.-) with persistent and
marked depression of mood (F32.-), as demonstrated by symptoms such as excessive misery,
loss of interest and pleasure in usual activities, self-blame, and hopelessness;
disturbances of sleep or appetite may also be present.
Conduct disorder in F91.- associated with depressive disorder in F32.-
忧郁性行为障碍症
这个诊断要合并儿童期行为规范障碍症 (F91.-) 与持续
明显的忧郁情绪 , 如过度的悲哀 , 对一般的活动失
去愉快感与兴趣 , 自责与无望感 ; 也可能有睡眠与
食欲障碍。
合并忧郁症 (F32.-) 的行为障碍症 (F91.-)

R63.0
Anorexia
Loss of appetite
Excludes: anorexia nervosa (F50.0)
loss of appetite of nonorganic origin (F50.8)
厌食
食欲丧失
不包含 : 神经性厌食症 (F50.0)
非器质性食欲丧失 (F50.8)

T43
Poisoning by psychotropic drugs, not elsewhere classified
Excludes: appetite depressants (T50.5)
barbiturates (T42.3)
benzodiazepines (T42.4)
drug dependence and related mental and behavioural
disorders due to psychoactive substance use (F10-F19)
methaqualone (T42.6)
psychodysleptics [hallucinogens] (T40.7-T40.9)
精神转化剂所致之中毒 , 他处未归类者
不包含 : ( 食欲 ) 抑制剂 (T50.5)
巴比妥盐 (barbiturates) (T42.3)
苯并二丫庚因化合物 (benzodiazepines) (T42.4)
由精神活化物质使用所致之药物依赖及相关之精神
和行为疾患 (F10-F19)
甲叩奎唑酮 (methaqualone) (T42.6)
梦幻剂〔幻觉原〕 (T40.7-T40.9)

T50.5
Appetite depressants
食欲抑制剂

Y49
Psychotropic drugs, not elsewhere classified
Excludes: appetite depressants [anorectics] (Y57.0)
barbiturates NEC (Y47.0)
benzodiazepines (Y47.1)
caffeine (Y50.2)
cocaine (Y48.3)
methaqualone (Y47.8)
他处未归类之精神药物
不包含 : 食欲抑制剂 (Y57.0)
巴比妥酸盐 , 他处未归类者 (Y47.0)
含偶氮苯基安神剂 (benzodiazepines) (Y47.1)
咖啡因 (caffeine) (Y50.2)
可卡因 (cocaine) (Y48.3)
甲叨唑酮 (methaqualone) (Y47.8)

Y57.0
Appetite depressants [anorectics]
食欲抑制剂 ( 厌食剂 )


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