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add up to 合计达,总计是

in addition to 除…之外(还有)

be addicted to 沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾

add up to 合计,总计

in addition to 除...之外

add up to
合计,总计

in addition to
除...之外

两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.

"In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle."

workaholic 工作狂
A: My wife has been very upset about my bad habit of staying late at work.
A: 我太太对我喜欢晚下班的坏习惯很不开心。
B: I've been there. My husband used to be a workaholic until I gave him an ultimatum. His work addiction almost ruined our relationship.
B: 我是过来人。我先生以前一直是个工作狂, 直到我向他下了最后通牒。他的沉迷于工作基乎毁了我们的感情。
- 对于「沉迷于酒」的人我们叫他"an alcoholic", 对于放不下工作的人呢,
美语就叫"a workaholic"「工作狂」, "ultimatum"是「最后通牒」的意思。
"I've been there."(原意:我到过那里)在口语里有「我是过来人」的意思。

Would you please fill in the depositing form, giving the sum of money you're to deposit as well as your name, address and professional unit?
请填张存款单,写明要存的数额以及你的姓名,地址和工作的单位,好吗?

The interest is added to your account every year.
每年的利息都加到你的存款中。

additions to existing product lines 现有产品线的增加

如有机会, 请向本人开出煤炭价款加上保险费的汇票。对于这批出口货物, 为弥补发生损害的损失, 请办理保险并在货值上再加保5%金额
Should you have an opportunity, you may draw on me for the cost of coal, together with that of insurance, which you will be so good as to effect on the outward cargo to its full value, with an addition of five per cent, to cover expenses in case of loss.

acting . . . in addition to his appointment
除本职外并署理……

In addition, in order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment.
另外,为了吸引旅游者,大量人工设施被修建,这对环境是不利的。

Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.
许多家长相信额外的教育活动有许多优点,通过学习,他们的孩子可以获得很多实践技能和有用的知识,当他们长大后,这些对他们就业是大有好处的。

In the second place, from psychological aspect, the majority of children seem to tend to have an unfavorable attitude toward additional educational activities.
第二,从心理上讲,大部分孩子似乎对额外的学习没有什么好感。

In addition to the obvious problem--loneliness, another major obstacle, in my opinion, is the alien environment of campus.
除了孤独这一明显的问题之外,我认为另一个困难是对校园环境的不熟悉。

Furthermore, people who addict to fashion clothes have to spend more time going shopping and pay more attention to the impression they make on others. As a result, it is impossible to devote enough time and energy in their study and job.
而且,沉湎于时尚服装的人们不得不花费更多时间逛商店,更加注意自己给别人的印象。因此,他们不可能有足够的时间用于学习或工作。 112a. No one can doubt the essential fact that the traffic problem over the last years has caused wide public concern all over the world. Experts in increasing numbers are beginning to believe that such situation would produce unfavorable effects on economic growth of local areas.
没有人能否认这一重要事实:最近几年交通问题在全世界受到了普遍关注。越来越多的专家开始相信这种状况将对当地的经济发展产生不利影响。

That adds to the difficulty of our work.
那增加了我们工作的难度。

The President addressed the Congress to review the past year and announced plans for the next.
总统向国会讲话总结了过去一年的情况,宣布了今年的计划。

The Education secretary had to address a crowd of teachers who were negative about the new changes in education.
教育大臣不得不向一群反对教育领域新变化的教师讲话作解释。

The teacher taught the pupils to do addition.
老师教小学生做加法。

He will be an important addition to our board.
他将是新加入我们董事会的重要人物。

In addition to teaching, the online course also gives the students tests.
除了教学之外,网络课程也对学生实施考试。

If any letters come, shall I send them on to your new address?
如果有信来,我是否要把它们按你的新地址转给你?

We have added certain provisions into the agreement to protect foreign workers.
我们在协定中加入了一些保护外国劳工的条款。

Furthermore, these child-raising families may raise other people’s children in addition to their own.
此外, 这些有孩子的家庭除抚养自己的孩子外也可以抚养其他人家的孩子。

You can add the water to the powder or conversely, the powder to the water.
你可以把水加到粉末里,或者反过来,把粉末加到水里。

She speaks five foreign languages in addition to English.
除英语外,她还会说五种外语。

In addition to a summary table some specific examples are given of questions and the results they produced.
除了综述表格外,还给出了问题及其产生的后果的一些具体例子。

In addition to extreme warmth, the rainforests also need lots of moisture.
除了要非常温暖之外,雨林还需要大量的水分。

Thus in addition to the chances of going away from the right path outlined above, the scientific investigator shares with the ordinary citizen the possibilities of falling into errors of reasoning in the ways we have just indicated, and many others as well.
因此除了以上列出的走弯路的可能性外,科学研究者们和普通人一样,也有在我们刚才提到的思维方式上犯错误的可能性,以及在一些其他的方面。

In addition, the style of some Black novels, like Jean Toomer’s Cane, verges on expressionism or surrealism, does this technique provide a counter point to the prevalent theme that portrays the fate against which Black heroes are pitted, a theme usually conveyed by more naturalistic modes of expression?
此外,一些黑人小说的风格,像Jean Toomer的Cane,就接近于表现主义或者超现实主义,这种巧合是否给流行描述黑人主人公与命运对抗的主题提供了一个反衬点,或者经常被更加自然的表达模式所传达的主题?

He added some wood to increase the fire.
他加了一些木柴,使火旺些。

If you add 4 to 5, you get 9.
四加五等于九。

In addition to giving a general introduction to computer, the course also provides practical experience.
课程除了一般介绍电脑知识外,还提供实际操作的机会。

There is a letter addressed to you.
有封写给你收的信。

Please forward my mail to my new address.
请把我的信件转到我的新地址。

Let me note down your address and telephone number.
让我记下你的地址和电话号码。
I failed to note that he had left.
我没有注意到他已经走了。

我对……上瘾。
I'm hooked on... *hook“用钩钩住”,be hooked on 表示“对……入迷”。
You shouldn't smoke so much. (你不该抽那么多的烟。)
I know, but I'm hooked on nicotine. (我知道,但是我已经对尼古丁上瘾了。)
I'm addicted to...

By the way, before leaving this subject, I would like to add a few comments.
在结束这个问题之前顺便一提,我希望能再提出一些看法。

We with to add...
我们希望加上...

By the way, before leaving this subject, I would like to add a few comments.
在结束这个问题之前顺便一提,我希望能再提出一些看法。


Remember how you can talk about your sense of anticipation about something in the future, e.g.: I’m looking forward to the Olympics; I’m looking forward to my holiday. You can add emphasis by adding so, e.g.: I’m so looking forward to . . .
记住怎样谈论你对将来发生的事情的期待。例如:I’m looking forward to the Olympics / 我期待着奥运会的召开; I’m looking forward to my holiday / 我期待着假期的到来。你可以加上so / 如此、这么来表示强调, 例如: I’m so looking forward to . . . /我热切地期待着. . .


A The football websites are really good. I follow English football on the internet.
A 足球网非常好。我在互联网上跟踪了解英国足球赛况。
B Do you use English-language websites?
B 你使用英文网站吗?
A For football? Yes, mostly English, sometimes Chinese. The English ones are good for practicing my English.
A 足球的英文网站?是的,大部分是英语网站,有时是中文网站。英文网站对我练习英语有好处。
B I must try them. Can you e-mail me the website addresses?
B 我一定要试一试。你能把那些网站的网址用电子邮件发给我吗?
A Yes, no problem. Apart from helping my English, it’s a great way to keep up-to-date on all the news and results.
A 当然,没问题。除了帮助我学习英语,上网还是了解最新消息和结果的好方法。
B That’s true! It’s good if you’re a football fan who also wants to learn English!
B 确实如此!如果你既是一个球迷又想学英语的话这确实很好。


A Look – there’s an internet café. Let’s go and check it out.
A 看——那里有一个网吧。咱们去那里看看。
B Good idea. We can send some e-mails and check the internet.
B 好主意。我们可以发送电子邮件,还可以上网查资料。
A How do I open a hotmail account?
A 我怎样开通一个hotmail帐户?
B It’s easy. You just need to log on to the hotmail site and register.
B 很容易。你只需登录hotmail网页,然后注册。
A Is that all? Don’t I need a hotmail address?
A 就这些吗?我不需要一个hotmail地址吗?
B Yes, but you can create your address and your password when you register.
B 是的,但是在你注册的时候你可以创建一个自己的地址和密码。

A I’ve got some great photos from my holiday in Hong Kong.
A 我有好多很棒的我们全家在香港度假的照片。
B I’d really like to see them. Can you send them to me?
B 我非常想看看。你可以寄给我吗?
A No problem. I’ll e-mail some to you. I’ll download them from my camera.
A 没问题。我会用电子邮件发送给你。我会先将它们从照相机传送到我的电脑里。
B That would be great – thanks. Have you got my e-mail address?
B 这样真是太好了,谢谢。你有我的电子邮件地址吗?

True happiness is of a retired nature, and an enemy to pomp and noise.
Joseph Addison, British writer
真正的幸福不显出露水,它摈弃浮华和喧嚣。
英国作家艾迪生.J.

The most normal and the most perfect human being is the one who most thoroughly addresses himself to the activity of his best powers ,gives himself most thoroughly to the world around him ,flings himself out into the midst of humanity ,and is so preoccu pied by his own beneficent reaction on the world that he is practically unconscious of a sep arate existence...
最正常、最完美的人就是那彻底投身于自己最擅长的活动的人,是那完全献身于周围世界的人,是和群众打成一片的人。他完全专心致志于他对世界的有利作用,以致于几乎意识不到自己与世界还存在距离……
Frences E .C. Willard. American Social activist
美国社会活动家拉德,F。E。C。

In silence, in steadiness, in severe abstraction, let him hold by him-delf, add observation to observation, patient of neglect, patient of reproach , and bide his own time , happy enough if he can satisfy himself alone that thia day he has seen something truly.
Ralph Waldo Emersom, American thihker
学者应该高度集中精力,坚定信仰与追求,坚持缄默,继续观察。他要忍耐人们的忽视与责备,等待自己因为发现了某些真理而满怀欣喜的时机。
美国思想家爱默生.R.W.

To him I owe the discovery that even very short periods of time add up to all useful hours I need, if I plunge in without delay.
Johm Erskine, American educator
我感激他使我发现即使是很短的时刻,只要我分秒必争的一头钻进工作,积累起来就成为我需要的特别有用的几个钟头。
美国教育家厄斯金.J.

Dancing in all its forms cannot be excluded from the curriculum of all noble education: dancing with the feet, with ideas, with works, and ,need I add that one must also be able to dance with the pen?
Friedrich W.Nietzsche, German philosopher 
所有高尚教育的课程表里都不能没有各种形式的跳舞:用脚跳舞,用思想跳舞,用言语跳舞,不用说,还需用笔跳舞。
德国哲学家尼采F W 

I write for no other purpose than to add to the beauty that now belongs to me .
Jack London, American writer 
音乐要用心灵去听,用头脑去感觉。
法国作家雨果V 

If any of the above-mentioned clauses is inconsistent with the following additional clauses, the latter to be taken as authentic.
以上任何条款如与下列附加条款相抵触,以下列附加条款为准。

add (sth) to (sth) 增加、添加

add up to 合计达

addjust a to b 调整a使适应b(10次)

@@@ 除了
all but 几乎, 差不多; 除了
among other 除了别的...以外
anything but 1.根本不
2.单单除...之外, 除...以外任何事物
apart from 除...之外
aside from 除...以外
except for 除...之外
in addition to 除...之外(还有)
make an exception 把...作为例外
other than 除...之外
over and above sth. 此外; 除了
with the exception of 除...以外

@@@ 增
add sth. to sth. 增加, 添加
build up 积累; 增长
more and more 越来越多
pile up 堆积; 增多, 积累
scale up 按比例增加, 相应提高
speed up 使加速, 增加速度
step up 使增加; 使加快

@@@ 沉溺于
abandon oneself to 沉溺于
be addicted to 沉溺于; 使上瘾
indulge in 沉溺于, 尽情享受

in : 加入,记入(to be added, or included)
book in 登记
check in 签到
count in 记入
fill in 填入
hand in 交上
take in 吸收
send in 呈交

add insult to injury越搞越糟,越描越黑
Her awkward attempt to explain her error merely added insult to injury.
她笨拙地企图解释所犯的错误,结果只是越描越黑。

in addition to 另外,加之

add up to 合计达,总括起来,意味着

- add fuel to the flames 火上浇油
The boy refused to make an apology to his father, which added fuel to the flames.

We'll try our best to satisfy you with the additional 10,000 tons of coal as you asked.
你们要求增加一万吨煤,我们将尽量满足你们。

Because of the rapid development of our business in Asia, we think it's necessary to open a branch at the following address.
鉴于我们在亚洲地区业务的迅速发展,有必要在下列地点设立分公司。

You can grant us an extra commission of 2% to cover the additional risk.
你们可以获得另外百分之二的佣金,以补偿你受的额外风险。

Don't you wish to arrange for W.P.A. and additional coverage against Risk of Breakage?
您不想保水渍险和附加破碎险吗?

We can certainly do this, but it is subject to an additional premium, because our CIF quotation doesn’t include this risk.
我们当然可以照办,但战争险要交额外的保险费,因为我们的CIF报价没有包括这种附别。

Please note that we have moved into …… and therefore, all future communications should be made to the new address mentioned above.
请注意,我公司已迁至新址……,因此,今后希望按上述新址联系。


If you would like someone you meet to address you by your first name, you can say: Please call me David / Please call me David.
如果你想让某人直接称呼你的名字,你可以说:Please call me David / 请叫我大卫。


When you meet some one, you can say: Good to see you/ Good to see you: Good to meet you / Good to meet you. If it’s someone you’ve met before you can add again / again, e.g.: Good to see you again / Good to see you again.
当你见到某人时,你可以说:Good to see you/ 见到你很高兴: Good to meet you /见到你很高兴。 如果是你以前见过的人,你还可以加上again / 再次。例如: Good to see you again / 很高兴再次见到你。

补充 [bǔ chōng] /to replenish/to supplement/to complement/additional/supplementary/

称 [chēng] /to call/to praise/to weigh/to estimate/to consider/to call/to address/to name/to say/commend/

除此之外 [chú cǐ zhī wài] /apart from this/in addition to this/

除了 [chú le ] /besides/apart from (... also...)/in addition to/except (for)/

搭配 [dā pèi] /(v) pair up; put into pairs/(v) add sth into a group/

附 [fù] /to add/to attach/to be close to/to be attached/

还说 [hái shuō] /to add (in speaking)/to also say/

画蛇添足 [huà shé tiān zú] /ruin the effect by adding what is superfluous/lit.: draw legs on a snake; fig.: to overdo it/

加 [jiā] /to add/plus/

加入 [jiā rù] /to become a member/to join/to mix into/to participate in/to add in/

加上 [jiā shàng] /to put in/to add/plus/to add on/to add into/

讲话 [jiǎng huà] /a speech/to speak/to talk/to address/

扩建 [kuò jiàn] /(n) to add an extension to a building/

溺 [nì] /drown/indulge/be addicted to/spoil (a child)/

嗜 [shì] /addicted to/fond of/

添 [tiān] /to add/to increase/to replenish/

小鬼 [xiǎo guǐ] /(idiom) an endearing term of address to a child; little demon/

增 [zēng] /to increase/to expand/to add/

增添 [zēng tiān] /add to/increase/

尊称 [zūn chēng] /(n) deferential or respectful form of address to sb/

If you are talking to a group of managers, you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries; alternatively if you are addressing secretaries, you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses.
如果你在和一群经理谈话,你就可以评论他们秘书的工作方法紊乱;相反,如果你在和一群秘书谈话,你就可以评论她们老板的工作方法紊乱。

If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.
如果你是你谈话对象集体中的一员,你就能够了解你们所共有的经历和问题,你就可对餐厅极难吃的食物或者总裁在选择领带方面差劲的品味进行评头论足。

Altogether, the US population rose in the 1970s by 23.2 million people — numerically the third-largest growth ever recorded in a single decade.
20世纪70年代,美国人口总共增长了2320万——从数字上看,这是有纪录以来10年期人口增长的第三高峰。
Even so, that gain adds up to only 11.4 percent, lowest in American annual records except for the Depression years.
即使如此,人口总数也只增加了11.4%,除了大萧条时期,这是美国年度记录最低的增长率。

Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search for spacious living than in the Far West.
没有哪次调查比1980年美国人口普查更能突出显示美国人迁往最西部是为了找到更广阔的生存空间。
There, California added 3.7 million to its population in the 1970s, more than any other state.
正因为如此,加利福尼亚州在70年代人口增加了370万,比其他任何州都多。

Many people mistakenly believe the term drug refers only to some sort of medicine or an illegal chemical taken by drug addicts.
很多人错误地认为“药物”这个词仅仅指某些药品或是吸毒者服用的违禁化学品。
They don't realize that familiar substances such as alcohol and tobacco are also drugs.
他们没有意识到诸如酒精、烟草这些我们熟悉的物质也是药物。
This is why the more neutral term substance is now used by many physicians and psychologists.
这也是现在许多内科医生和心理学家使用“物质”这个更加中性的词的原因。
The phrase "substance abuse" is often used instead of "drug abuse" to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine.
他们常用“物质滥用”而不用“药物滥用”来清楚表明滥用酒精、烟草这样的物质如同滥用海洛因和可卡因一样有害。

First of all, most substances taken in excess will produce negative effects such as poisoning or intense perceptual distortions.
首先,大多数物质的过量使用都会产生负面影响,如中毒或严重的感知错乱。
Repeated use of a substance can also lead to physical addiction or substance dependence.
反复使用一种物质可以导致成瘾或对该物质的依赖。

In addition to this, there is the growing mobility of people since World War Ⅱ.
除此之外,二战以来,人口流动性日益增大。

Adding to social changes today is an enormous stockpile of information. The individual now has more information available than any generation, and the task of finding that one piece of information relevant to his or her specific problem is complicated, time-consuming and sometimes even overwhelming.
除了当今的社会变化之外,还有信息量巨大的问题。今天,个人可获得的信息比任何时代的人都多,而要找到一条与自己问题相关的信息既复杂又耗时,有时甚至相当困难。

{adj: accessory, adjunct, ancillary, adjuvant, appurtenant, auxiliary, subsidiary} furnishing added support
"an ancillary pump"
"an adjuvant discipline to forms of mysticism"
"The mind and emotions are auxiliary to each other"

{adj: addable, addible} capable of being added or added to

{adj: addicted} compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming
"she is addicted to chocolate"
"addicted to cocaine"
<-> unaddicted

{adj: addressed} (of mail) marked with a destination
"I throw away all mail addressed to `resident'"
<-> unaddressed

{adj: alcoholic, alcohol-dependent} addicted to alcohol
"alcoholic expatriates in Paris"- Carl Van Doren

{adj: amendatory} effecting amendment
"added amendatory phrases to the text"

{adj: apopemptic} addressed to one who is departing
"apopemptic hymns"

{adj: appealing} able to attract interest or draw favorable attention
"He added an appealing and memorable figure to popular American mythology"- Vincent Starrett
"an appealing sense of humor"
"the idea of having enough money to retire at fifty is very appealing"
<-> unappealing

{adj: assumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended, put on, sham} adopted in order to deceive
"an assumed name"
"an assumed cheerfulness"
"a fictitious address"
"fictive sympathy"
"a pretended interest"
"a put-on childish voice"
"sham modesty"

{adj: attachable} capable of being fastened or added to something else
"a handle attachable by two bolts"
<-> detachable

{adj: augmented} added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
"his augmented renown"
"a greatly augmented collection of books"

{adj: built, reinforced} (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness
"the built liquid detergents"

{adj: connotative} having the power of implying or suggesting something in addition to what is explicit
<-> denotative

{adj: counterbalancing} serving to equilibrate
"he added a counterbalancing weight"

{adj: deleterious, hurtful, injurious} harmful to living things
"deleterious chemical additives"

{adj: dependent, dependant, drug-addicted, hooked, strung-out} addicted to a drug

{adj: dissolved} (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
"add the dissolved gelatin"

{adj: everyday, mundane, quotidian, routine, unremarkable, workaday} found in the ordinary course of events
"a placid everyday scene"
"it was a routine day"
"there's nothing quite like a real...train conductor to add color to a quotidian commute"- Anita Diamant

{adj: extra, special} added to a regular schedule
"a special holiday flight"
"put on special buses for the big game"

{adj: extraordinary} (of an official) serving an unusual or special function in addition to those of the regular officials
"an ambassador extraordinary"

{adj: fortified} having something added to increase the strength
"fortified wine"

{adj: hard-core, hardore} stubbornly resistant to change or improvement
"hard-core addicts"

{adj: incurable} incapable of being cured
"an incurable disease"
"an incurable addiction to smoking"
<-> curable

{adj: motor-assisted} relying on an engine for propulsion in addition to muscle power
"a motor-assisted bicycle"

{adj: narcotic} of or relating to or designating narcotics
"narcotic addicts"
"narcotic stupor"

{adj: neoliberal} having or showing belief in the need for economic growth in addition to traditional liberalistic values

{adj: nonrestrictive} not limiting the reference of a modified word or phrase
"the nonrestrictive clause in `I always buy his books, which have influenced me greatly,' refers to his books generally and adds an additional fact about them"

{adj: permanent, lasting} continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place
"permanent secretary to the president"
"permanent address"
"literature of permanent value"
<-> impermanent

{adj: postmortem} after death or after an event
"a postmortem examination to determine the cause of death"
"the postmortem discussion of the President's TV address"

{adj: recent} being new in a time not long past
"recent graduates"
"a recent addition to the house"
"recent buds on the apple trees"

{adj: self-addressed} addressed to yourself
"enclose a stamped self-addressed envelope with all submissions"

{adj: supplementary, supplemental} added to complete or make up a deficiency
"produced supplementary volumes"

{adj: valedictory} of or relating to an occasion or expression of farewell
"a valedictory address"
"valedictory praise for his uniformly manly course"
"a suitable valedictory gesture"


{adv: actually} as a sentence modifier to add slight emphasis
"actually, we all help clear up after a meal"
"actually, I haven't seen the film"
"I'm not all that surprised actually"
"she hasn't proved to be too satisfactory, actually"

{adv: additionally, in addition, to boot} by way of addition; furthermore
"he serves additionally as the CEO"


{adv: as needed, as required, pro re nata, PRN} according to need (physicians use PRN in writing prescriptions)
"add water as needed"


{adv: besides, in any case} making an additional point; anyway
"I don't want to go to a restaurant; besides, we can't afford it"
"she couldn't shelter behind him all the time and in any case he wasn't always with her"


{adv: beyond} in addition
"agreed to provide essentials but nothing beyond"


{adv: else} additional to or different from this one or place or time or manner
"nobody else is here"
"she ignored everything else"
"I don't know where else to look"
"when else can we have the party?"
"couldn't decide how else it could be done"


{adv: for good measure} in addition (as to close a deal)
"the car salesman threw in the radio, for good measure"

{adv: horizontally} in a horizontal direction
"a gallery quite often is added to make use of space vertically as well as horizontally"


{adv: in the bargain, into the bargain} in addition; over and above what is expected
"He lost his wife in the bargain"


{adv: last but not least, last not least} in addition to all the foregoing
"last not least he plays the saxophone"


{adv: nastily, meanly} in a nasty ill-tempered manner
"`Don't expect me to help you,' he added nastily"


{adv: physiologically} of or relating to physiological processes; with respect to physiology
"physiologically ready"
"physiologically addicted"


{adv: superfluously} in a superfluous manner
"superfluously, he added his silly comments to the discussion"


{adv: vertically} in a vertical direction
"a gallery quite often is added to make use of space vertically as well as horizontally"

{n: Additions to Esther} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Esther

{n: Bel and the Dragon} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

{n: Benday process} a photoengraving technique for adding shading or texture or tone to a printed image

{n: Brother} (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a monk and used as form of address
"a Benedictine Brother"

{n: Chesterton, G. K. Chesterton, Gilbert Keith Chesterton} conservative English writer of the Roman Catholic persuasion; in addition to volumes of criticism and polemics he wrote detective novels featuring Father Brown (1874-1936)

{n: Constantinople, First Council of Constantinople} the second ecumenical council in 381 which added wording about the Holy Spirit to the Nicene Creed

{n: Coriolis force} (physics) a force due to the earth's rotation; acts on a body in motion (airplane or projectile) in a rotating reference frame; in a rotating frame of reference Newton's second law of motion can be made to apply if in addition to the real forces acting on a body a Coriolis force and a centrifugal force are introduced

{n: De Quincey, Thomas De Quincey} English writer who described the psychological effects of addiction to opium (1785-1859)

{n: Don} a Spanish courtesy title or form of address for men that is prefixed to the forename
"Don Roberto"

{n: Excellency} a title used to address dignitaries (such as ambassadors or governors); usually preceded by `Your' or `His' or `Her'
"Your Excellency"

{n: Fentanyl, Sublimaze} trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug

{n: French Foreign Office, Quai d'Orsay} the French department in charge of foreign affairs; referred to familiarly by its address in Paris

{n: Highness} (Your Highness or His Highness or Her Highness) title used to address a royal person

{n: Ladyship} a title used to address any peeress except a duchess
"Your Ladyship"
"Her Ladyship"

{n: Lordship} a title used to address any British peer except a duke and extended to a bishop or a judge
"Your Lordship"
"His Lordship"

{n: Naegele's rule} rule for calculating an expected delivery date; subtract three months from the first day of the last menstrual period and add seven days to that date

{n: Ni-hard, Ni-hard iron} cast iron to which nickel has been added to make it resist abrasion

{n: Osteichthyes, class Osteichthyes} a class of fish having a skeleton composed of bone in addition to cartilage

{n: Pascal, Blaise Pascal} French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)

{n: Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Children} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

{n: Presidential Directive} a directive issued by the President of the United States; usually addressed to all heads of departments and agencies

{n: Rolodex} (trademark) a desktop rotary card index with removable cards; usually used for names, addresses, and telephone numbers
"a news reporter has to have a good Rolodex"

{n: Senora} a Spanish title or form of address for a married woman; similar to the English `Mrs' or `madam'

{n: Senorita} a Spanish title or form of address used to or of an unmarried girl or woman; similar to the English `Miss'

{n: Senor} a Spanish title or form of address for a man; similar to the English `Mr' or `sir'

{n: Sister} (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a nun (and used as a form of address)
"the Sisters taught her to love God"

{n: Susanna, Book of Susanna} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

{n: Taoism} a Chinese sect claiming to follow the teaching of Lao-tzu but incorporating pantheism and sorcery in addition to Taoism

{n: ZIP code, ZIP, postcode, postal code} a code of letters and digits added to a postal address to aid in the sorting of mail

{n: abhorrer} a signer of a 1679 address to Charles II in which those who petitioned for the reconvening of parliament were condemned and abhorred

{n: accession, addition} something added to what you already have
"the librarian shelved the new accessions"
"he was a new addition to the staff"

{n: accession} a process of increasing by addition (as to a collection or group)
"the art collection grew through accession"

{n: accumulation} (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation

{n: accumulator, accumulator register} (computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the register

{n: acetal} any organic compound formed by adding alcohol molecules to aldehyde molecules

{n: addendum, supplement, postscript} textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end

{n: addend} a number that is added to another number (the augend)

{n: addict, nut, freak, junkie, junky} someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction
"a golf addict"
"a car nut"
"a bodybuilding freak"
"a news junkie"

{n: addiction, dependence, dependance, dependency, habituation} being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)

{n: addiction} (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master
"under Roman law addiction was the justification for slavery"

{n: addition reaction} a chemical reaction in which one molecule is added to another

{n: addition, add-on, improver} a component that is added to something to improve it
"the addition of a bathroom was a major improvement"
"the addition of cinnamon improved the flavor"

{n: addition, increase, gain} a quantity that is added
"there was an addition to property taxes this year"
"they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"

{n: addition} the act of adding one thing to another
"the addition of flowers created a pleasing effect"
"the addition of a leap day every four years"
<-> subtraction

{n: additive} something added to enhance food or gasoline or paint or medicine

{n: address, destination, name and address} written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location

{n: address, speech} the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience
"he listened to an address on minor Roman poets"

{n: addressee} one to whom something is addressed

{n: address} the manner of speaking to another individual
"he failed in his manner of address to the captain"

{n: adjunct} something added to another thing but not an essential part of it

{n: adornment} a decoration of color or interest that is added to relieve plainness

{n: affixation} the result of adding an affix to a root word

{n: affix} a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form

{n: agnomen} an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in `Ferdinand the Great')

{n: alcoholism, alcohol addiction, inebriation, drunkenness} habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms

{n: alloy steel} steel who characteristics are determined by the addition of other elements in addition to carbon

{n: amendment} a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)

{n: antifreeze} a liquid added to the water in a cooling system to lower its freezing point

{n: antiknock} any of various compounds that are added to gasoline to reduce engine knocking

{n: apostrophe} address to an absent or imaginary person

{n: architectural ornament} (architecture) something added to a building to improve its appearance

{n: argument, literary argument} a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
"the editor added the argument to the poem"

{n: arithmetic progression} (mathematics) a progression in which a constant is added to each term in order to obtain the next term
"1-4-7-10-13- is the start of an arithmetic progression"

{n: asp, asp viper, Vipera aspis} of southern Europe; similar to but smaller than the adder


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