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add up to 合计达,总计是

in addition to 除…之外(还有)

be addicted to 沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾

add up to 合计,总计

in addition to 除...之外

add up to
合计,总计

in addition to
除...之外

两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.

"In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle."

workaholic 工作狂
A: My wife has been very upset about my bad habit of staying late at work.
A: 我太太对我喜欢晚下班的坏习惯很不开心。
B: I've been there. My husband used to be a workaholic until I gave him an ultimatum. His work addiction almost ruined our relationship.
B: 我是过来人。我先生以前一直是个工作狂, 直到我向他下了最后通牒。他的沉迷于工作基乎毁了我们的感情。
- 对于「沉迷于酒」的人我们叫他"an alcoholic", 对于放不下工作的人呢,
美语就叫"a workaholic"「工作狂」, "ultimatum"是「最后通牒」的意思。
"I've been there."(原意:我到过那里)在口语里有「我是过来人」的意思。

Would you please fill in the depositing form, giving the sum of money you're to deposit as well as your name, address and professional unit?
请填张存款单,写明要存的数额以及你的姓名,地址和工作的单位,好吗?

The interest is added to your account every year.
每年的利息都加到你的存款中。

additions to existing product lines 现有产品线的增加

如有机会, 请向本人开出煤炭价款加上保险费的汇票。对于这批出口货物, 为弥补发生损害的损失, 请办理保险并在货值上再加保5%金额
Should you have an opportunity, you may draw on me for the cost of coal, together with that of insurance, which you will be so good as to effect on the outward cargo to its full value, with an addition of five per cent, to cover expenses in case of loss.

acting . . . in addition to his appointment
除本职外并署理……

In addition, in order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment.
另外,为了吸引旅游者,大量人工设施被修建,这对环境是不利的。

Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.
许多家长相信额外的教育活动有许多优点,通过学习,他们的孩子可以获得很多实践技能和有用的知识,当他们长大后,这些对他们就业是大有好处的。

In the second place, from psychological aspect, the majority of children seem to tend to have an unfavorable attitude toward additional educational activities.
第二,从心理上讲,大部分孩子似乎对额外的学习没有什么好感。

In addition to the obvious problem--loneliness, another major obstacle, in my opinion, is the alien environment of campus.
除了孤独这一明显的问题之外,我认为另一个困难是对校园环境的不熟悉。

Furthermore, people who addict to fashion clothes have to spend more time going shopping and pay more attention to the impression they make on others. As a result, it is impossible to devote enough time and energy in their study and job.
而且,沉湎于时尚服装的人们不得不花费更多时间逛商店,更加注意自己给别人的印象。因此,他们不可能有足够的时间用于学习或工作。 112a. No one can doubt the essential fact that the traffic problem over the last years has caused wide public concern all over the world. Experts in increasing numbers are beginning to believe that such situation would produce unfavorable effects on economic growth of local areas.
没有人能否认这一重要事实:最近几年交通问题在全世界受到了普遍关注。越来越多的专家开始相信这种状况将对当地的经济发展产生不利影响。

That adds to the difficulty of our work.
那增加了我们工作的难度。

The President addressed the Congress to review the past year and announced plans for the next.
总统向国会讲话总结了过去一年的情况,宣布了今年的计划。

The Education secretary had to address a crowd of teachers who were negative about the new changes in education.
教育大臣不得不向一群反对教育领域新变化的教师讲话作解释。

The teacher taught the pupils to do addition.
老师教小学生做加法。

He will be an important addition to our board.
他将是新加入我们董事会的重要人物。

In addition to teaching, the online course also gives the students tests.
除了教学之外,网络课程也对学生实施考试。

If any letters come, shall I send them on to your new address?
如果有信来,我是否要把它们按你的新地址转给你?

We have added certain provisions into the agreement to protect foreign workers.
我们在协定中加入了一些保护外国劳工的条款。

Furthermore, these child-raising families may raise other people’s children in addition to their own.
此外, 这些有孩子的家庭除抚养自己的孩子外也可以抚养其他人家的孩子。

You can add the water to the powder or conversely, the powder to the water.
你可以把水加到粉末里,或者反过来,把粉末加到水里。

She speaks five foreign languages in addition to English.
除英语外,她还会说五种外语。

In addition to a summary table some specific examples are given of questions and the results they produced.
除了综述表格外,还给出了问题及其产生的后果的一些具体例子。

In addition to extreme warmth, the rainforests also need lots of moisture.
除了要非常温暖之外,雨林还需要大量的水分。

Thus in addition to the chances of going away from the right path outlined above, the scientific investigator shares with the ordinary citizen the possibilities of falling into errors of reasoning in the ways we have just indicated, and many others as well.
因此除了以上列出的走弯路的可能性外,科学研究者们和普通人一样,也有在我们刚才提到的思维方式上犯错误的可能性,以及在一些其他的方面。

In addition, the style of some Black novels, like Jean Toomer’s Cane, verges on expressionism or surrealism, does this technique provide a counter point to the prevalent theme that portrays the fate against which Black heroes are pitted, a theme usually conveyed by more naturalistic modes of expression?
此外,一些黑人小说的风格,像Jean Toomer的Cane,就接近于表现主义或者超现实主义,这种巧合是否给流行描述黑人主人公与命运对抗的主题提供了一个反衬点,或者经常被更加自然的表达模式所传达的主题?

He added some wood to increase the fire.
他加了一些木柴,使火旺些。

If you add 4 to 5, you get 9.
四加五等于九。

In addition to giving a general introduction to computer, the course also provides practical experience.
课程除了一般介绍电脑知识外,还提供实际操作的机会。

There is a letter addressed to you.
有封写给你收的信。

Please forward my mail to my new address.
请把我的信件转到我的新地址。

Let me note down your address and telephone number.
让我记下你的地址和电话号码。
I failed to note that he had left.
我没有注意到他已经走了。

我对……上瘾。
I'm hooked on... *hook“用钩钩住”,be hooked on 表示“对……入迷”。
You shouldn't smoke so much. (你不该抽那么多的烟。)
I know, but I'm hooked on nicotine. (我知道,但是我已经对尼古丁上瘾了。)
I'm addicted to...

By the way, before leaving this subject, I would like to add a few comments.
在结束这个问题之前顺便一提,我希望能再提出一些看法。

We with to add...
我们希望加上...

By the way, before leaving this subject, I would like to add a few comments.
在结束这个问题之前顺便一提,我希望能再提出一些看法。


Remember how you can talk about your sense of anticipation about something in the future, e.g.: I’m looking forward to the Olympics; I’m looking forward to my holiday. You can add emphasis by adding so, e.g.: I’m so looking forward to . . .
记住怎样谈论你对将来发生的事情的期待。例如:I’m looking forward to the Olympics / 我期待着奥运会的召开; I’m looking forward to my holiday / 我期待着假期的到来。你可以加上so / 如此、这么来表示强调, 例如: I’m so looking forward to . . . /我热切地期待着. . .


A The football websites are really good. I follow English football on the internet.
A 足球网非常好。我在互联网上跟踪了解英国足球赛况。
B Do you use English-language websites?
B 你使用英文网站吗?
A For football? Yes, mostly English, sometimes Chinese. The English ones are good for practicing my English.
A 足球的英文网站?是的,大部分是英语网站,有时是中文网站。英文网站对我练习英语有好处。
B I must try them. Can you e-mail me the website addresses?
B 我一定要试一试。你能把那些网站的网址用电子邮件发给我吗?
A Yes, no problem. Apart from helping my English, it’s a great way to keep up-to-date on all the news and results.
A 当然,没问题。除了帮助我学习英语,上网还是了解最新消息和结果的好方法。
B That’s true! It’s good if you’re a football fan who also wants to learn English!
B 确实如此!如果你既是一个球迷又想学英语的话这确实很好。


A Look – there’s an internet café. Let’s go and check it out.
A 看——那里有一个网吧。咱们去那里看看。
B Good idea. We can send some e-mails and check the internet.
B 好主意。我们可以发送电子邮件,还可以上网查资料。
A How do I open a hotmail account?
A 我怎样开通一个hotmail帐户?
B It’s easy. You just need to log on to the hotmail site and register.
B 很容易。你只需登录hotmail网页,然后注册。
A Is that all? Don’t I need a hotmail address?
A 就这些吗?我不需要一个hotmail地址吗?
B Yes, but you can create your address and your password when you register.
B 是的,但是在你注册的时候你可以创建一个自己的地址和密码。

A I’ve got some great photos from my holiday in Hong Kong.
A 我有好多很棒的我们全家在香港度假的照片。
B I’d really like to see them. Can you send them to me?
B 我非常想看看。你可以寄给我吗?
A No problem. I’ll e-mail some to you. I’ll download them from my camera.
A 没问题。我会用电子邮件发送给你。我会先将它们从照相机传送到我的电脑里。
B That would be great – thanks. Have you got my e-mail address?
B 这样真是太好了,谢谢。你有我的电子邮件地址吗?

True happiness is of a retired nature, and an enemy to pomp and noise.
Joseph Addison, British writer
真正的幸福不显出露水,它摈弃浮华和喧嚣。
英国作家艾迪生.J.

The most normal and the most perfect human being is the one who most thoroughly addresses himself to the activity of his best powers ,gives himself most thoroughly to the world around him ,flings himself out into the midst of humanity ,and is so preoccu pied by his own beneficent reaction on the world that he is practically unconscious of a sep arate existence...
最正常、最完美的人就是那彻底投身于自己最擅长的活动的人,是那完全献身于周围世界的人,是和群众打成一片的人。他完全专心致志于他对世界的有利作用,以致于几乎意识不到自己与世界还存在距离……
Frences E .C. Willard. American Social activist
美国社会活动家拉德,F。E。C。

In silence, in steadiness, in severe abstraction, let him hold by him-delf, add observation to observation, patient of neglect, patient of reproach , and bide his own time , happy enough if he can satisfy himself alone that thia day he has seen something truly.
Ralph Waldo Emersom, American thihker
学者应该高度集中精力,坚定信仰与追求,坚持缄默,继续观察。他要忍耐人们的忽视与责备,等待自己因为发现了某些真理而满怀欣喜的时机。
美国思想家爱默生.R.W.

To him I owe the discovery that even very short periods of time add up to all useful hours I need, if I plunge in without delay.
Johm Erskine, American educator
我感激他使我发现即使是很短的时刻,只要我分秒必争的一头钻进工作,积累起来就成为我需要的特别有用的几个钟头。
美国教育家厄斯金.J.

Dancing in all its forms cannot be excluded from the curriculum of all noble education: dancing with the feet, with ideas, with works, and ,need I add that one must also be able to dance with the pen?
Friedrich W.Nietzsche, German philosopher 
所有高尚教育的课程表里都不能没有各种形式的跳舞:用脚跳舞,用思想跳舞,用言语跳舞,不用说,还需用笔跳舞。
德国哲学家尼采F W 

I write for no other purpose than to add to the beauty that now belongs to me .
Jack London, American writer 
音乐要用心灵去听,用头脑去感觉。
法国作家雨果V 

If any of the above-mentioned clauses is inconsistent with the following additional clauses, the latter to be taken as authentic.
以上任何条款如与下列附加条款相抵触,以下列附加条款为准。

add (sth) to (sth) 增加、添加

add up to 合计达

addjust a to b 调整a使适应b(10次)

@@@ 除了
all but 几乎, 差不多; 除了
among other 除了别的...以外
anything but 1.根本不
2.单单除...之外, 除...以外任何事物
apart from 除...之外
aside from 除...以外
except for 除...之外
in addition to 除...之外(还有)
make an exception 把...作为例外
other than 除...之外
over and above sth. 此外; 除了
with the exception of 除...以外

@@@ 增
add sth. to sth. 增加, 添加
build up 积累; 增长
more and more 越来越多
pile up 堆积; 增多, 积累
scale up 按比例增加, 相应提高
speed up 使加速, 增加速度
step up 使增加; 使加快

@@@ 沉溺于
abandon oneself to 沉溺于
be addicted to 沉溺于; 使上瘾
indulge in 沉溺于, 尽情享受

in : 加入,记入(to be added, or included)
book in 登记
check in 签到
count in 记入
fill in 填入
hand in 交上
take in 吸收
send in 呈交

add insult to injury越搞越糟,越描越黑
Her awkward attempt to explain her error merely added insult to injury.
她笨拙地企图解释所犯的错误,结果只是越描越黑。

in addition to 另外,加之

add up to 合计达,总括起来,意味着

- add fuel to the flames 火上浇油
The boy refused to make an apology to his father, which added fuel to the flames.

We'll try our best to satisfy you with the additional 10,000 tons of coal as you asked.
你们要求增加一万吨煤,我们将尽量满足你们。

Because of the rapid development of our business in Asia, we think it's necessary to open a branch at the following address.
鉴于我们在亚洲地区业务的迅速发展,有必要在下列地点设立分公司。

You can grant us an extra commission of 2% to cover the additional risk.
你们可以获得另外百分之二的佣金,以补偿你受的额外风险。

Don't you wish to arrange for W.P.A. and additional coverage against Risk of Breakage?
您不想保水渍险和附加破碎险吗?

We can certainly do this, but it is subject to an additional premium, because our CIF quotation doesn’t include this risk.
我们当然可以照办,但战争险要交额外的保险费,因为我们的CIF报价没有包括这种附别。

Please note that we have moved into …… and therefore, all future communications should be made to the new address mentioned above.
请注意,我公司已迁至新址……,因此,今后希望按上述新址联系。


If you would like someone you meet to address you by your first name, you can say: Please call me David / Please call me David.
如果你想让某人直接称呼你的名字,你可以说:Please call me David / 请叫我大卫。


When you meet some one, you can say: Good to see you/ Good to see you: Good to meet you / Good to meet you. If it’s someone you’ve met before you can add again / again, e.g.: Good to see you again / Good to see you again.
当你见到某人时,你可以说:Good to see you/ 见到你很高兴: Good to meet you /见到你很高兴。 如果是你以前见过的人,你还可以加上again / 再次。例如: Good to see you again / 很高兴再次见到你。

补充 [bǔ chōng] /to replenish/to supplement/to complement/additional/supplementary/

称 [chēng] /to call/to praise/to weigh/to estimate/to consider/to call/to address/to name/to say/commend/

除此之外 [chú cǐ zhī wài] /apart from this/in addition to this/

除了 [chú le ] /besides/apart from (... also...)/in addition to/except (for)/

搭配 [dā pèi] /(v) pair up; put into pairs/(v) add sth into a group/

附 [fù] /to add/to attach/to be close to/to be attached/

还说 [hái shuō] /to add (in speaking)/to also say/

画蛇添足 [huà shé tiān zú] /ruin the effect by adding what is superfluous/lit.: draw legs on a snake; fig.: to overdo it/

加 [jiā] /to add/plus/

加入 [jiā rù] /to become a member/to join/to mix into/to participate in/to add in/

加上 [jiā shàng] /to put in/to add/plus/to add on/to add into/

讲话 [jiǎng huà] /a speech/to speak/to talk/to address/

扩建 [kuò jiàn] /(n) to add an extension to a building/

溺 [nì] /drown/indulge/be addicted to/spoil (a child)/

嗜 [shì] /addicted to/fond of/

添 [tiān] /to add/to increase/to replenish/

小鬼 [xiǎo guǐ] /(idiom) an endearing term of address to a child; little demon/

增 [zēng] /to increase/to expand/to add/

增添 [zēng tiān] /add to/increase/

尊称 [zūn chēng] /(n) deferential or respectful form of address to sb/

If you are talking to a group of managers, you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries; alternatively if you are addressing secretaries, you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses.
如果你在和一群经理谈话,你就可以评论他们秘书的工作方法紊乱;相反,如果你在和一群秘书谈话,你就可以评论她们老板的工作方法紊乱。

If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties.
如果你是你谈话对象集体中的一员,你就能够了解你们所共有的经历和问题,你就可对餐厅极难吃的食物或者总裁在选择领带方面差劲的品味进行评头论足。

Altogether, the US population rose in the 1970s by 23.2 million people — numerically the third-largest growth ever recorded in a single decade.
20世纪70年代,美国人口总共增长了2320万——从数字上看,这是有纪录以来10年期人口增长的第三高峰。
Even so, that gain adds up to only 11.4 percent, lowest in American annual records except for the Depression years.
即使如此,人口总数也只增加了11.4%,除了大萧条时期,这是美国年度记录最低的增长率。

Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search for spacious living than in the Far West.
没有哪次调查比1980年美国人口普查更能突出显示美国人迁往最西部是为了找到更广阔的生存空间。
There, California added 3.7 million to its population in the 1970s, more than any other state.
正因为如此,加利福尼亚州在70年代人口增加了370万,比其他任何州都多。

Many people mistakenly believe the term drug refers only to some sort of medicine or an illegal chemical taken by drug addicts.
很多人错误地认为“药物”这个词仅仅指某些药品或是吸毒者服用的违禁化学品。
They don't realize that familiar substances such as alcohol and tobacco are also drugs.
他们没有意识到诸如酒精、烟草这些我们熟悉的物质也是药物。
This is why the more neutral term substance is now used by many physicians and psychologists.
这也是现在许多内科医生和心理学家使用“物质”这个更加中性的词的原因。
The phrase "substance abuse" is often used instead of "drug abuse" to make clear that substances such as alcohol and tobacco can be just as harmfully misused as heroin and cocaine.
他们常用“物质滥用”而不用“药物滥用”来清楚表明滥用酒精、烟草这样的物质如同滥用海洛因和可卡因一样有害。

First of all, most substances taken in excess will produce negative effects such as poisoning or intense perceptual distortions.
首先,大多数物质的过量使用都会产生负面影响,如中毒或严重的感知错乱。
Repeated use of a substance can also lead to physical addiction or substance dependence.
反复使用一种物质可以导致成瘾或对该物质的依赖。

In addition to this, there is the growing mobility of people since World War Ⅱ.
除此之外,二战以来,人口流动性日益增大。

Adding to social changes today is an enormous stockpile of information. The individual now has more information available than any generation, and the task of finding that one piece of information relevant to his or her specific problem is complicated, time-consuming and sometimes even overwhelming.
除了当今的社会变化之外,还有信息量巨大的问题。今天,个人可获得的信息比任何时代的人都多,而要找到一条与自己问题相关的信息既复杂又耗时,有时甚至相当困难。

{adj: accessory, adjunct, ancillary, adjuvant, appurtenant, auxiliary, subsidiary} furnishing added support
"an ancillary pump"
"an adjuvant discipline to forms of mysticism"
"The mind and emotions are auxiliary to each other"

{adj: addable, addible} capable of being added or added to

{adj: addicted} compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming
"she is addicted to chocolate"
"addicted to cocaine"
<-> unaddicted

{adj: addressed} (of mail) marked with a destination
"I throw away all mail addressed to `resident'"
<-> unaddressed

{adj: alcoholic, alcohol-dependent} addicted to alcohol
"alcoholic expatriates in Paris"- Carl Van Doren

{adj: amendatory} effecting amendment
"added amendatory phrases to the text"

{adj: apopemptic} addressed to one who is departing
"apopemptic hymns"

{adj: appealing} able to attract interest or draw favorable attention
"He added an appealing and memorable figure to popular American mythology"- Vincent Starrett
"an appealing sense of humor"
"the idea of having enough money to retire at fifty is very appealing"
<-> unappealing

{adj: assumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended, put on, sham} adopted in order to deceive
"an assumed name"
"an assumed cheerfulness"
"a fictitious address"
"fictive sympathy"
"a pretended interest"
"a put-on childish voice"
"sham modesty"

{adj: attachable} capable of being fastened or added to something else
"a handle attachable by two bolts"
<-> detachable

{adj: augmented} added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
"his augmented renown"
"a greatly augmented collection of books"

{adj: built, reinforced} (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness
"the built liquid detergents"

{adj: connotative} having the power of implying or suggesting something in addition to what is explicit
<-> denotative

{adj: counterbalancing} serving to equilibrate
"he added a counterbalancing weight"

{adj: deleterious, hurtful, injurious} harmful to living things
"deleterious chemical additives"

{adj: dependent, dependant, drug-addicted, hooked, strung-out} addicted to a drug

{adj: dissolved} (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
"add the dissolved gelatin"

{adj: everyday, mundane, quotidian, routine, unremarkable, workaday} found in the ordinary course of events
"a placid everyday scene"
"it was a routine day"
"there's nothing quite like a real...train conductor to add color to a quotidian commute"- Anita Diamant

{adj: extra, special} added to a regular schedule
"a special holiday flight"
"put on special buses for the big game"

{adj: extraordinary} (of an official) serving an unusual or special function in addition to those of the regular officials
"an ambassador extraordinary"

{adj: fortified} having something added to increase the strength
"fortified wine"

{adj: hard-core, hardore} stubbornly resistant to change or improvement
"hard-core addicts"

{adj: incurable} incapable of being cured
"an incurable disease"
"an incurable addiction to smoking"
<-> curable

{adj: motor-assisted} relying on an engine for propulsion in addition to muscle power
"a motor-assisted bicycle"

{adj: narcotic} of or relating to or designating narcotics
"narcotic addicts"
"narcotic stupor"

{adj: neoliberal} having or showing belief in the need for economic growth in addition to traditional liberalistic values

{adj: nonrestrictive} not limiting the reference of a modified word or phrase
"the nonrestrictive clause in `I always buy his books, which have influenced me greatly,' refers to his books generally and adds an additional fact about them"

{adj: permanent, lasting} continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place
"permanent secretary to the president"
"permanent address"
"literature of permanent value"
<-> impermanent

{adj: postmortem} after death or after an event
"a postmortem examination to determine the cause of death"
"the postmortem discussion of the President's TV address"

{adj: recent} being new in a time not long past
"recent graduates"
"a recent addition to the house"
"recent buds on the apple trees"

{adj: self-addressed} addressed to yourself
"enclose a stamped self-addressed envelope with all submissions"

{adj: supplementary, supplemental} added to complete or make up a deficiency
"produced supplementary volumes"

{adj: valedictory} of or relating to an occasion or expression of farewell
"a valedictory address"
"valedictory praise for his uniformly manly course"
"a suitable valedictory gesture"


{adv: actually} as a sentence modifier to add slight emphasis
"actually, we all help clear up after a meal"
"actually, I haven't seen the film"
"I'm not all that surprised actually"
"she hasn't proved to be too satisfactory, actually"

{adv: additionally, in addition, to boot} by way of addition; furthermore
"he serves additionally as the CEO"


{adv: as needed, as required, pro re nata, PRN} according to need (physicians use PRN in writing prescriptions)
"add water as needed"


{adv: besides, in any case} making an additional point; anyway
"I don't want to go to a restaurant; besides, we can't afford it"
"she couldn't shelter behind him all the time and in any case he wasn't always with her"


{adv: beyond} in addition
"agreed to provide essentials but nothing beyond"


{adv: else} additional to or different from this one or place or time or manner
"nobody else is here"
"she ignored everything else"
"I don't know where else to look"
"when else can we have the party?"
"couldn't decide how else it could be done"


{adv: for good measure} in addition (as to close a deal)
"the car salesman threw in the radio, for good measure"

{adv: horizontally} in a horizontal direction
"a gallery quite often is added to make use of space vertically as well as horizontally"


{adv: in the bargain, into the bargain} in addition; over and above what is expected
"He lost his wife in the bargain"


{adv: last but not least, last not least} in addition to all the foregoing
"last not least he plays the saxophone"


{adv: nastily, meanly} in a nasty ill-tempered manner
"`Don't expect me to help you,' he added nastily"


{adv: physiologically} of or relating to physiological processes; with respect to physiology
"physiologically ready"
"physiologically addicted"


{adv: superfluously} in a superfluous manner
"superfluously, he added his silly comments to the discussion"


{adv: vertically} in a vertical direction
"a gallery quite often is added to make use of space vertically as well as horizontally"

{n: Additions to Esther} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Esther

{n: Bel and the Dragon} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

{n: Benday process} a photoengraving technique for adding shading or texture or tone to a printed image

{n: Brother} (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a monk and used as form of address
"a Benedictine Brother"

{n: Chesterton, G. K. Chesterton, Gilbert Keith Chesterton} conservative English writer of the Roman Catholic persuasion; in addition to volumes of criticism and polemics he wrote detective novels featuring Father Brown (1874-1936)

{n: Constantinople, First Council of Constantinople} the second ecumenical council in 381 which added wording about the Holy Spirit to the Nicene Creed

{n: Coriolis force} (physics) a force due to the earth's rotation; acts on a body in motion (airplane or projectile) in a rotating reference frame; in a rotating frame of reference Newton's second law of motion can be made to apply if in addition to the real forces acting on a body a Coriolis force and a centrifugal force are introduced

{n: De Quincey, Thomas De Quincey} English writer who described the psychological effects of addiction to opium (1785-1859)

{n: Don} a Spanish courtesy title or form of address for men that is prefixed to the forename
"Don Roberto"

{n: Excellency} a title used to address dignitaries (such as ambassadors or governors); usually preceded by `Your' or `His' or `Her'
"Your Excellency"

{n: Fentanyl, Sublimaze} trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug

{n: French Foreign Office, Quai d'Orsay} the French department in charge of foreign affairs; referred to familiarly by its address in Paris

{n: Highness} (Your Highness or His Highness or Her Highness) title used to address a royal person

{n: Ladyship} a title used to address any peeress except a duchess
"Your Ladyship"
"Her Ladyship"

{n: Lordship} a title used to address any British peer except a duke and extended to a bishop or a judge
"Your Lordship"
"His Lordship"

{n: Naegele's rule} rule for calculating an expected delivery date; subtract three months from the first day of the last menstrual period and add seven days to that date

{n: Ni-hard, Ni-hard iron} cast iron to which nickel has been added to make it resist abrasion

{n: Osteichthyes, class Osteichthyes} a class of fish having a skeleton composed of bone in addition to cartilage

{n: Pascal, Blaise Pascal} French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)

{n: Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Children} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

{n: Presidential Directive} a directive issued by the President of the United States; usually addressed to all heads of departments and agencies

{n: Rolodex} (trademark) a desktop rotary card index with removable cards; usually used for names, addresses, and telephone numbers
"a news reporter has to have a good Rolodex"

{n: Senora} a Spanish title or form of address for a married woman; similar to the English `Mrs' or `madam'

{n: Senorita} a Spanish title or form of address used to or of an unmarried girl or woman; similar to the English `Miss'

{n: Senor} a Spanish title or form of address for a man; similar to the English `Mr' or `sir'

{n: Sister} (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a nun (and used as a form of address)
"the Sisters taught her to love God"

{n: Susanna, Book of Susanna} an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

{n: Taoism} a Chinese sect claiming to follow the teaching of Lao-tzu but incorporating pantheism and sorcery in addition to Taoism

{n: ZIP code, ZIP, postcode, postal code} a code of letters and digits added to a postal address to aid in the sorting of mail

{n: abhorrer} a signer of a 1679 address to Charles II in which those who petitioned for the reconvening of parliament were condemned and abhorred

{n: accession, addition} something added to what you already have
"the librarian shelved the new accessions"
"he was a new addition to the staff"

{n: accession} a process of increasing by addition (as to a collection or group)
"the art collection grew through accession"

{n: accumulation} (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation

{n: accumulator, accumulator register} (computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the register

{n: acetal} any organic compound formed by adding alcohol molecules to aldehyde molecules

{n: addendum, supplement, postscript} textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end

{n: addend} a number that is added to another number (the augend)

{n: addict, nut, freak, junkie, junky} someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction
"a golf addict"
"a car nut"
"a bodybuilding freak"
"a news junkie"

{n: addiction, dependence, dependance, dependency, habituation} being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)

{n: addiction} (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master
"under Roman law addiction was the justification for slavery"

{n: addition reaction} a chemical reaction in which one molecule is added to another

{n: addition, add-on, improver} a component that is added to something to improve it
"the addition of a bathroom was a major improvement"
"the addition of cinnamon improved the flavor"

{n: addition, increase, gain} a quantity that is added
"there was an addition to property taxes this year"
"they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"

{n: addition} the act of adding one thing to another
"the addition of flowers created a pleasing effect"
"the addition of a leap day every four years"
<-> subtraction

{n: additive} something added to enhance food or gasoline or paint or medicine

{n: address, destination, name and address} written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location

{n: address, speech} the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience
"he listened to an address on minor Roman poets"

{n: addressee} one to whom something is addressed

{n: address} the manner of speaking to another individual
"he failed in his manner of address to the captain"

{n: adjunct} something added to another thing but not an essential part of it

{n: adornment} a decoration of color or interest that is added to relieve plainness

{n: affixation} the result of adding an affix to a root word

{n: affix} a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form

{n: agnomen} an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in `Ferdinand the Great')

{n: alcoholism, alcohol addiction, inebriation, drunkenness} habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms

{n: alloy steel} steel who characteristics are determined by the addition of other elements in addition to carbon

{n: amendment} a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)

{n: antifreeze} a liquid added to the water in a cooling system to lower its freezing point

{n: antiknock} any of various compounds that are added to gasoline to reduce engine knocking

{n: apostrophe} address to an absent or imaginary person

{n: architectural ornament} (architecture) something added to a building to improve its appearance

{n: argument, literary argument} a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie
"the editor added the argument to the poem"

{n: arithmetic progression} (mathematics) a progression in which a constant is added to each term in order to obtain the next term
"1-4-7-10-13- is the start of an arithmetic progression"

{n: asp, asp viper, Vipera aspis} of southern Europe; similar to but smaller than the adder

{n: assignment, assigning} the act of distributing something to designated places or persons
"the first task is the assignment of an address to each datum"

{n: assistant, helper, help, supporter} a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
"my invaluable assistant"
"they hired additional help to finish the work"

{n: augend} a number to which another number (the addend) is added

{n: banyan, banyan tree, banian, banian tree, Indian banyan, East Indian fig tree, Ficus bengalensis} East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks

{n: baronet, Bart} a member of the British order of honor; ranks below a baron but above a knight
"since he was a baronet he had to be addressed as Sir Henry Jones, Bart."

{n: bath oil} a scented oil added to your bath water

{n: beat} a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations

{n: betterment} an improvement that adds to the value of a property or facility

{n: bonus, fillip} anything that tends to arouse
"his approval was an added fillip"

{n: bonus, incentive} an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of increasing output

{n: box number} a mailing address to which answers to a newspaper ad can be sent

{n: bubble bath} a bath in which you add something to foam and scent the bath water

{n: builder, detergent builder} a substance added to soaps or detergents to increase their cleansing action

{n: bulk mail} mail consisting of large numbers of identical items (circulars or advertisements) sent to individual addresses at less than 1st-class rates and paid for in one lot

{n: caffein addiction} an addiction to caffein

{n: caffeine addict, caffein addict} someone addicted to caffeine

{n: cash register, register} a cashbox with an adding machine to register transactions; used in shops to add up the bill

{n: cephalosporin, Mefoxin} one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity

{n: certified public accountant, CPA} an accountant who has passed certain examinations and met all other statutory and licensing requirements of a United States state to be certified by that state
"in addition to accounting and auditing, CPAs also prepare tax returns for individuals and corporations"

{n: check character} a character that is added to the end of a block of transmitted data and used to check the accuracy of the transmission

{n: cheerfulness, cheer, sunniness, sunshine} the quality of being cheerful and dispelling gloom
"flowers added a note of cheerfulness to the drab room"
<-> uncheerfulness

{n: circuit board, circuit card, board, card, plug-in, add-in} a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities

{n: cocaine addiction} an addiction to cocaine

{n: cocaine addict} a person addicted to cocaine

{n: colloquium} an address to an academic meeting or seminar

{n: combination salad} containing meat or chicken or cheese in addition to greens and vegetables

{n: comment, commentary} a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
"he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"

{n: complement} something added to complete or make perfect
"a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner"

{n: computer accessory} an accessory for a computer
"when you add in all the computer accessories you are going to need the computer gets pretty expensive"

{n: coolant} a fluid agent (gas or liquid) that produces cooling; especially one used to cool a system by transferring heat away from one part to another
"he added more coolant to the car's radiator"
"the atomic reactor used a gas coolant"
"lathe operators use an emulsion of oil and water as a coolant for the cutting tool"

{n: copartnership} a partnership in which employees get a share of the profits in addition to their wages

{n: correction, fudge factor} a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure

{n: cosigner} a signer in addition to the principal signer (to verify the authenticity of the principal signature or to provide surety)

{n: covering letter, cover letter} a letter sent along with other documents to provide additional information

{n: crack addict, binger} someone addicted to crack cocaine

{n: cub, lad, laddie, sonny, sonny boy} a male child (a familiar term of address to a boy)

{n: cyanobacteria, blue-green algae} predominantly photosynthetic prokaryotic organisms containing a blue pigment in addition to chlorophyll; occur singly or in colonies in diverse habitats; important as phytoplankton

{n: debaser, degrader} a person who lowers the quality or character or value (as by adding cheaper metal to coins)

{n: depth} (usually plural) a low moral state
"he had sunk to the depths of addiction"

{n: detoxification} a treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to remove the physiological effects of the addictive substances

{n: diacritical mark, diacritic} a mark added to a letter to indicate a special pronunciation

{n: domain name} strings of letters and numbers (separated by periods) that are used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet
"domain names are organized hierarchically with the more generic parts to the right"

{n: drop-off charge} a fee added for returning a rented car to a location different from the one where it was rented

{n: drug addiction, white plague} an addiction to a drug (especially a narcotic drug)

{n: drug of abuse, street drug} a drug that is taken for nonmedicinal reasons (usually for mind-altering effects); drug abuse can lead to physical and mental damage and (with some substances) dependence and addiction

{n: dubbing} a new soundtrack that is added to a film

{n: elongation, extension} an addition to the length of something

{n: eminent domain} the right of the state to take private property for public use; the Fifth Amendment that was added to the Constitution of the United States requires that just compensation be made

{n: epilogue, epilog} a short passage added at the end of a literary work
"the epilogue told what eventually happened to the main characters"

{n: epilogue, epilog} a short speech (often in verse) addressed directly to the audience by an actor at the end of a play

{n: ethyl alcohol, ethanol, fermentation alcohol, grain alcohol} the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean-burning additive to gasoline

{n: exemption} a deduction allowed to a taxpayer because of his status (having certain dependents or being blind or being over 65 etc.)
"additional exemptions are allowed for each dependent"

{n: expletive} a word or phrase conveying no independent meaning but added to fill out a sentence or metrical line

{n: extension, telephone extension, extension phone} an additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line

{n: extra dividend} a dividend paid in addition to the regular dividend

{n: extra} an additional edition of a newspaper (usually to report a crisis)

{n: family, fellowship} an association of people who share common beliefs or activities
"the message was addressed not just to employees but to every member of the company family"
"the church welcomed new members into its fellowship"

{n: father, male parent, begetter} a male parent (also used as a term of address to your father)
"his father was born in Atlanta"
<-> female parent, mother

{n: flavorer, flavourer, flavoring, flavouring, seasoner, seasoning} something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts

{n: floor} the parliamentary right to address an assembly
"the chairman granted him the floor"

{n: fluidity, fluidness, liquidity, liquidness, runniness} the property of flowing easily
"adding lead makes the alloy easier to cast because the melting point is reduced and the fluidity is increased"
"they believe that fluidity increases as the water gets warmer"

{n: fluorescein, fluoresceine, fluorescent dye, resorcinolphthalein} a yellow dye that is visible even when highly diluted; used as an absorption indicator when silver nitrate solution is added to sodium chloride in order to precipitate silver chloride (turns pink when no chloride ions are left in solution and negative fluorescein ions are then absorbed)

{n: fluoridation, fluoridization, fluoridisation} the addition of a fluoride to the water supply (to prevent dental decay)

{n: flux} a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed

{n: food additive, artificial additive} an additive to food intended to improve its flavor or appearance or shelf-life

{n: fortification} the addition of an ingredient for the purpose of enrichment (as the addition of alcohol to wine or the addition of vitamins to food)

{n: fortified wine} wine to which alcohol (usually grape brandy) has been added

{n: forwarding} the act of sending on to another destination
"the forwarding of mail to a new address is done automatically"
"the forwarding of resumes to the personnel department"

{n: found} food and lodging provided in addition to money
"they worked for $30 and found"

{n: garnish} something (such as parsley) added to a dish for flavor or decoration

{n: gateway drug} a habit-forming drug that is not addictive but its use may lead to the use of other addictive drugs
"one college athlete recently called beer a gateway drug for young people"

{n: hard drug} a narcotic that is considered relatively strong and likely to cause addiction
<-> soft drug

{n: heroin addiction} an addiction to heroin

{n: heroin addict} someone addicted to heroin

{n: hop, hops} twining perennials having cordate leaves and flowers arranged in conelike spikes; the dried flowers of this plant are used in brewing to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer

{n: humectant} any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist

{n: hydrocracking} the process whereby hydrocarbon molecules of petroleum are broken down into kerosene and gasolene by the addition of hydrogen under high pressure in the presence of a catalyst

{n: hydrogenation} a chemical process that adds hydrogen atoms to an unsaturated oil
"food producers use hydrogenation to keep fat from becoming rancid"

{n: hydrolysis} a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water

{n: hydroxy acid} any acid that has hydroxyl groups in addition to the hydroxyl group in the acid itself

{n: identification particle} a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture

{n: index register} (computer science) a register used to determine the address of an operand

{n: inflection, inflexion} a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function

{n: interest, interestingness} the power of attracting or holding one's attention (because it is unusual or exciting etc.)
"they said nothing of great interest"
"primary colors can add interest to a room"
<-> uninterestingness

{n: junk mail} third-class mail consisting of advertising and often addressed to `resident' or `occupant'

{n: lacing} a small amount of liquor added to a food or beverage

{n: laugh track} prerecorded laughter added to the soundtrack of a radio or television show

{n: leaded bronze} bronze to which 1-4% lead is added

{n: leap second} a second (as measured by an atomic clock) added to or subtracted from Greenwich Mean Time in order to compensate for slowing in the Earth's rotation

{n: letter, missive} a written message addressed to a person or organization
"mailed an indignant letter to the editor"

{n: lusterware} pottery with a metallic sheen produced by adding metallic oxides to the glaze

{n: lymph vessel, lymphatic vessel} a vascular duct that carries lymph which is eventually added to the venous blood circulation

{n: mailing list} a list of names and addresses to which advertising material is mailed

{n: mailsorter} a sorter for sorting mail according to the address

{n: makeweight, filler} anything added to fill out a whole
"some of the items in the collection are mere makeweights"

{n: makeweight} a weight added to the scale to reach a required weight

{n: markup} the amount added to the cost to determine the asking price

{n: memory chip} a RAM microchip that can be plugged into a computer to provide additional memory

{n: methadone, methadone hydrochloride, methadon, dolophine hydrochloride, fixer, synthetic heroin} synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit-forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction

{n: monosodium glutamate, MSG} white crystalline compound used as a food additive to enhance flavor; often used in Chinese cooking

{n: mother, female parent} a woman who has given birth to a child (also used as a term of address to your mother)
"the mother of three children"

{n: mother} a stringy slimy substance consisting of yeast cells and bacteria; forms during fermentation and is added to cider or wine to produce vinegar

{n: narcotic} a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction

{n: natural number} the number 1 and any other number obtained by adding 1 to it repeatedly

{n: nicotine addiction} an addiction to nicotine

{n: nitrification} the chemical process in which a nitro group is added to an organic compound (or substituted for another group in an organic compound)

{n: nominating speech, nominating address, nomination} an address (usually at a political convention) proposing the name of a candidate to run for election
"the nomination was brief and to the point"

{n: note, annotation, notation} a comment or instruction (usually added)
"his notes were appended at the end of the article"
"he added a short notation to the address on the envelope"

{n: open letter} a letter of protest; addressed to one person but intended for the general public

{n: opium addict, opium taker} someone addicted to opium

{n: ornamentation, embellishment} the act of adding extraneous decorations to something

{n: overtime} work done in addition to regular working hours

{n: oxidation, oxidization, oxidisation} the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction

{n: ozonide} any of a class of unstable chemical compounds resulting from the addition of ozone to a double bond in an unsaturated compound

{n: padding, cushioning} artifact consisting of soft or resilient material used to fill or give shape or protect or add comfort

{n: pannier} set of small hoops used to add fullness over the hips

{n: paraph} a flourish added after or under your signature (originally to protect against forgery)

{n: parity bit, parity, check bit} (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error

{n: patronymic, patronym} a family name derived from name of your father or a paternal ancestor (especially with an affix (such as -son in English or O'- in Irish) added to the name of your father or a paternal ancestor)

{n: plasticizer, plasticiser} a substance added to plastics or other materials to make them more pliable

{n: plurality} the state of being plural
"to mark plurality, one language may add an extra syllable to the word whereas another may simply change the vowel in the existing final syllable"

{n: polyfoam, polyurethane foam} a foam made by adding water to polyurethane plastics

{n: preservative} a chemical compound that is added to protect against decay or decomposition

{n: president, chairman, chairwoman, chair, chairperson} the officer who presides at the meetings of an organization
"address your remarks to the chairperson"

{n: propoxyphene, propoxyphene hydrochloride, Darvon} a mildly narcotic analgesic drug (trade name Darvon) related to methadone but less addictive

{n: public speaking, speechmaking, speaking, oral presentation} delivering an address to a public audience
"people came to see the candidates and hear the speechmaking"

{n: pulmonary reserve} the additional volume of air that the lungs can inhale and exhale when breathing to the limit of capacity in times of stress

{n: recalculation} the act of calculating again (usually to eliminate errors or to include additional data)
"recalculation yielded a much larger value"

{n: reduction, reducing} any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent

{n: refresher} a fee (in addition to that marked on the brief) paid to counsel in a case that lasts more than one day

{n: register} (computer science) memory device that is the part of computer memory that has a specific address and that is used to hold information of a specific kind

{n: reinforced concrete, ferroconcrete} concrete with metal and/or mesh added to provide extra support against stresses

{n: religionist} a person addicted to religion or a religious zealot

{n: remainder, difference} the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend

{n: restrainer} a chemical that is added to a photographic developer in order to retard development and reduce the amount of fog on a film

{n: retrenchment} entrenchment consisting of an additional interior fortification to prolong the defense

{n: retrofit} a component or accessory added to something after it has been manufactured

{n: retrofit} the act of adding a component or accessory to something that did not have it when it was manufactured
"the court ordered a retrofit on all automobiles"

{n: safety feature} feature of an artifact that is added to insure a user's safety

{n: salting} the act of adding salt to food

{n: scavenger} a chemical agent that is added to a chemical mixture to counteract the effects of impurities

{n: score} an amount due (as at a restaurant or bar)
"add it to my score and I'll settle later"

{n: seasoning} the act of adding a seasoning to food

{n: second person} pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur

{n: sequel, continuation} a part added to a book or play that continues and extends it

{n: signora} an Italian title of address equivalent to Mrs. when used before a name

{n: single supplement} a surcharge added to the cost per person when traveling alone

{n: sirrah} formerly a contemptuous term of address to an inferior man or boy; often used in anger

{n: soft drug} a drug of abuse that is considered relatively mild and not likely to cause addiction
<-> hard drug

{n: softener} a substance added to another to make it less hard

{n: solicitation} an entreaty addressed to someone of superior status
"a solicitation to the king for relief"

{n: special session} a session that is held in addition to the regular sessions

{n: specificity} the quality of being specific rather than general
"add a desirable note of specificity to the discussion"
"the specificity of the symptoms of the disease"

{n: spider, wanderer} a computer program that prowls the internet looking for publicly accessible resources that can be added to a database; the database can then be searched with a search engine

{n: stabilizer} a chemical that is added to a solution or mixture or suspension to maintain it in a stable or unchanging state

{n: staff, faculty} the body of teachers and administrators at a school
"the dean addressed the letter to the entire staff of the university"

{n: strengthener, reinforcement} a device designed to provide additional strength
"the cardboard backing was just a strengthener"
"he used gummed reinforcements to hold the page in his notebook"

{n: supplement, supplementation} a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency)

{n: surcharge} an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)

{n: sweetening, sweetener} something added to foods to make them taste sweeter

{n: sweetening} the act of adding a sweetener to food

{n: tagger} someone who appends or joins one thing to another
"a theory that was simply added on by some anonymous tagger"

{n: tailpiece} appendage added to extend the length of something

{n: telomerase} an enzyme in eukaryotic cells that can add telomeres to the ends of chromosomes after they divide

{n: tetraethyl lead, lead tetraethyl} a clear oily poisonous liquid added to gasoline to prevent knocking

{n: texture} the musical pattern created by parts being played or sung together
"then another melodic line is added to the texture"

{n: third person} pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur

{n: three-way calling} a way of adding a third party to your conversation without the assistance of a telephone operator

{n: time bomb, ticking bomb} a problematic situation that will eventually become dangerous if not addressed
"India is a demographic time bomb"
"the refugee camp is a ticking bomb waiting to go off"

{n: titivation, tittivation} sprucing up; making decorative additions to

{n: title, title of respect, form of address} an identifying appellation signifying status or function: e.g. `Mr.' or `General'
"the professor didn't like his friends to use his formal title"

{n: title} an appellation signifying nobility
"`your majesty' is the appropriate title to use in addressing a king"

{n: titration} a measured amount of a solution of unknown concentration is added to a known volume of a second solution until the reaction between them is just complete; the concentration of the unknown solution (the titer) can them be calculated

{n: topper} a worker who makes or adds the top to something

{n: transcript} something that has been transcribed; a written record (usually typewritten) of dictated or recorded speech
"he read a transcript of the interrogation"
"you can obtain a transcript of this radio program by sending a self-addressed envelope to the station"

{n: trimming} the act of adding decoration
"the children had to be in bed before it was time for the trimming of the tree"

{n: updating} the act of changing something to bring it up to date (usually by adding something)
"criminal records need regular updating"

{n: upgrade} the act of improving something (especially machinery) by raising it to a higher grade (as by adding or replacing components)
"the power plant received a new upgrade"

{n: virtual memory, virtual storage} (computer science) memory created by using the hard disk to simulate additional random-access memory; the addressable storage space available to the user of a computer system in which virtual addresses are mapped into real addresses

{n: voluptuary, sybarite} a person addicted to luxury and pleasures of the senses

{n: warbler} a singer; usually a singer who adds embellishments to the song

{n: witness, attestant, attestor, attestator} (law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document or signature by adding their own signature

{n: zero, 0, nought, cipher, cypher} a mathematical element that when added to another number yields the same number

{v: accession} make a record of additions to a collection, such as a library

{v: add on} make an addition
"Let's add on to this"

{v: add to} have an increased effect
"This adds to my worries"

{v: addict, hook} to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)

{v: address, accost, come up to} speak to someone

{v: address, speak} give a speech to
"The chairman addressed the board of trustees"

{v: address, turn to} speak to
"He addressed the crowd outside the window"

{v: address} address or apply oneself to something, direct one's efforts towards something, such as a question

{v: add} constitute an addition
"This paper will add to her reputation"

{v: add} make an addition (to) ; join or combine or unite with others ; increase the quality, quantity, zise or scope of
"We added two students to that dorm room"
"She added a personal note to her letter"
"Add insult to injury"
"Add some extra plates to the dinner table"
<-> take away

{v: annotate, footnote} add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments
"The scholar annotated the early edition of a famous novel"

{v: append, add on, supplement, affix} add to the very end
"He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language"

{v: ask} address a question to and expect an answer from
"Ask your teacher about trigonometry"
"The children asked me about their dead grandmother"

{v: carry} transfer (a number, cipher, or remainder) to the next column or unit's place before or after, in addition or multiplication
"put down 5 and carry 2"

{v: cloud} make milky or dull
"The chemical clouded the liquid to which it was added"

{v: color, colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize, colour, color in, colour in} add color to
"The child colored the drawings"
"Fall colored the trees"
"colorize black and white film"
<-> discolor

{v: come, add up, amount} develop into
"This idea will never amount to anything"
"nothing came of his grandiose plans"

{v: concatenate} add by linking or joining so as to form a chain or series
"concatenate terms"
"concatenate characters"

{v: consign} send to an address

{v: countersign} add one's signature to after another's to attest authenticity
"You must countersign on this line of the contract"

{v: cream} add cream to one's coffee, for example

{v: dash} add an enlivening or altering element to
"blue paint dashed with white"

{v: dedicate} inscribe or address by way of compliment
"She dedicated her book to her parents"

{v: denature} add nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb

{v: dope} add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties
"The resistors have been doped"

{v: dose} treat with an agent ; add (an agent) to
"The ray dosed the paint"

{v: elaborate, lucubrate, expatiate, exposit, enlarge, flesh out, expand, expound, dilate} add details, as to an account or idea ; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing
"She elaborated on the main ideas in her dissertation"
<-> contract

{v: embroider, pad, lard, embellish, aggrandize, aggrandise, blow up, dramatize, dramatise} add details to

{v: fertilize, fertilise, feed} provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to
"We should fertilize soil if we want to grow healthy plants"

{v: finance} obtain or provide money for
"Can we finance the addition to our home?"

{v: flaw, blemish} add a flaw or blemish to ; make imperfect or defective

{v: fortify} add nutrients to
"fortified milk"

{v: gild the lily, paint the lily} make unnecessary additions to what is already complete

{v: ginger} add ginger to in order to add flavor
"ginger the soup"

{v: harangue} deliver a harangue to ; address forcefully

{v: hem and haw} utter `hems' and `haws' ; indicated hesitation
"He hemmed and hawed when asked to address the crowd"

{v: hydrate} cause to be hydrated ; add water or moisture to
"hydrate your skin"
<-> dehydrate

{v: hydrogenate} combine or treat with or expose to hydrogen, especially to add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound)
<-> dehydrogenate

{v: illuminate} add embellishments and paintings to (medieval manuscripts)

{v: impart, leave, give, pass on} tell or deposit (information) knowledge
"give a secret to the Russians"
"leave your name and address here"

{v: instrument} address a legal document to

{v: ionate} add ions to
<-> de-ionate

{v: keynote} give the keynote address to (an audience)

{v: lend, impart, bestow, contribute, add, bring} bestow a quality on
"Her presence lends a certain cachet to the company"
"The music added a lot to the play"
"She brings a special atmosphere to our meetings"
"This adds a light note to the program"

{v: make} add up to
"four and four make eight"

{v: milk} add milk to
"milk the tea"

{v: misdeliver} deliver to the wrong address

{v: mix, mix in} add as an additional element or part
"mix water into the drink"

{v: modify, qualify} add a modifier to a constituent

{v: overprint, print over} print (additional text or colors) onto an already imprinted paper

{v: oxidize, oxidise, oxidate} add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
<-> deoxidise, deoxidize

{v: pad, bolster} add padding to
"pad the seat of the chair"

{v: pepper} add pepper to
"pepper the soup"

{v: pick up} get in addition, as an increase
"The candidate picked up thousands of votes after his visit to the nursing home"

{v: poison, envenom} add poison to
"Her husband poisoned her drink in order to kill her"

{v: put on} add to something existing
"She put on a sun room"

{v: put on} add to the odometer
"He put on 1,000 miles on this trip"

{v: pyramid} enlarge one's holdings on an exchange on a continued rise by using paper profits as margin to buy additional amounts

{v: redound} be added
"Everything he does redounds to himself"

{v: roll over} negociate to repay a loan at a later date for an additional fee
"roll over a loan"

{v: salinate} add salt to
"salinated solution"
<-> desalinate

{v: salt} add salt to

{v: salt} add zest or liveliness to
"She salts her lectures with jokes"

{v: sauce} add zest or flavor to, make more interesting
"sauce the roast"

{v: stir} mix or add by stirring
"Stir nuts into the dough"

{v: stratify} form, arrange, or deposit in layers
"The fish are stratified in barrels"
"The rock was stratified by the force of the water"
"A statistician stratifies the list of names according to the addresses"

{v: stress, emphasize, emphasise, punctuate, accent, accentuate} to stress, single out as important
"Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet"

{v: subjoin} add to the end

{v: supplement} add as a supplement to what seems insufficient
"supplement your diet"

{v: toss in} add casually to a conversation
"I don't agree with this," she tossed in

{v: total, number, add up, come, amount} add up in number or quantity
"The bills amounted to $2,000"
"The bill came to $2,000"

{v: total, tot, tot up, sum, sum up, summate, tote up, add, add together, tally, add up} determine the sum of
"Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town"

{v: transitivize, transitivise} make transitive
"adding `out' to many verbs transitivizes them"
<-> detransitivize

{v: water down} thin by adding water to
"They watered down the moonshine"

{v: wire} provide with electrical circuits
"wire the addition to the house"

{v: zest, spice, spice up} add herbs or spices to

My grandfather must also have been extremely tall, for I never saw anyone in the whole area address him without having to look up at him, nor did I see him enter a house without having to bend so low that I was put in mind of the way the river wound round behind the wood of acacia trees.
祖父肯定也特别高,因为我从没有看到在这一地区有人跟他讲话时不仰视他;并且也从来没有看到过他不需弯腰就能进一所房子-他弯腰的样子,让我想到那条蜿蜒流向橡胶林后的河流。

The screams from those around you add to the thrills.
你周围的人群发出的惊心动魄的尖叫声使气氛变得格外紧张。

The attraction starts off quietly enough with audiences herded into an auditorium and addressed by a sugar-sweet American woman who can laugh at herself and the audience while describing everything as " super ".
这部引人入胜的电影随着观众们被集中在一起带进放映大厅和一位长相甜美的美国女郎向他们讲话而悄悄开始。这位女郎在把一切都形容为 "顶呱呱 "时,她自己和观众都会笑出声来。

The letters are addressed to Abigail Van Buren, one of the most influential sources of social advice in the United States.
尽情倾诉他们的焦虑和烦恼,以寻求解决情感或家庭问题的答案。这些信都是写给艾比盖尔·范布伦的,她是全美国最有影响力的处世建议提供者之一。

It is apparent that your wife is addicted and needs help to get off cigarettes,
很明显,你妻子吸烟已经成瘾,需要帮助才能戒掉。

One study she conducted in Hong Kong found that more than half of children aged 10 to 12 were not getting enough calcium.
她在香港所做的一项研究发现,超过半数的 10岁至 12岁儿童钙的摄入量不够。
Added to this is the concern that children aren't exercising enough.
除此之外,孩子们体育锻炼不够也令人忧虑。

Of added concern to Thys-Jacobs is the fact that " perhaps 80 per cent of a person's vitamin D is produced in the skin when exposed to sun-light--but a lot of young women are avoiding the sun, and their vitamin D levels may be very low. "
泰思-雅可布斯另外担忧的是: "可能人体中 80%的维生素 D 是皮肤暴露在阳光下时产生的-但现在许多年轻妇女避免晒太阳,那样她们体内的维生素 D含量可能会很低。 "

First stop was Agrojet, a recent addition to the activities near the Agrodome Complex.
第一站是 "阿哥柔喷射艇 ",它是 "阿哥柔穹顶综合游乐场 "新近增加的活动项目。

He was beginning to look thinner and very discouraged.
他渐渐地看上去越来越瘦,而且神情沮丧。
her sympathetic heart ached to add some delicacy to his meager purchase, but her courage failed.
她那颗善良的心真想给那可怜的人加些美味食品,但她还是没有勇气。

The two ports add to an impressive list of port o perations which the Hong Kong-based company has. Hutchison Whampoa inns Hong Kong International Terminals and the River Trade Terminal Company which serves the water borne trade between the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong.
这家香港公司的港口经营本来给人留下了良好的印象,这两个港口更是引人注目。哈奇森·惠姆波公司管理着香港国际码头和河流贸易装卸公司,后者为珠江三角洲和香港之间的水上贸易提供服务。

Construction of the Shantou and Xiamen port facilities added to the total of six operating joint venture ports run by Hutchison Delta Ports.
汕头和厦门港口设施的建设是哈奇森三角洲港口公司在经营的六个合资港口以外新增的项目。

we 've added years to life, not life to years.
我们让年华付诸流水,却不曾将生命倾注其中。

Data provided by the United States Government's Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis shows how the time it takes to add a million or a billion to the world's population becomes shorter and shorter as each year passes.
美国政府经济社会信息与政策分析部提供的数据表明,随着一年一年光阴飞逝,世界人口增加 100万或 10亿所用的时间是如何变得越来越短了。

It took 304 years until 1804 to reach one billion( 1,000,000,000), another 123 years until 1927, to reach two billion and then only another 33 years, until 1960, to add another billion to reach three billion.
又用了 304年,到 1804年时,世界人口达到 10亿( 1, 00, 000, 000),又过了 123年,到 1927年,达到 20亿,然后仅用了 33年,即到 1960年,就又增加了 10亿,达到 30亿。

After that, the recurring milestones of yet another billion added to the world population occurred quite quickly.
从那以后,世界人口每增加 10亿的里程碑出现得越来越快了。

While it takes a much shorter period now for the world to add another billion people than in previous centuries, the rate of growth is slowing and this slowing down is predicted to continue.
虽然世界人口现在每增加 10亿所用的时间比以前的世纪大幅度缩短,但增长率却变得缓慢,并且这种缓慢下降预计还将持续。

In the 365 days of the calendar year on average, these figures show that 14.27 million will currently be added to China's population each year.
按平均 365天的日历年计算,这些数字显示现在中国人口每年将增加 1427万。

Driving this economic transformation is the combination of shrinking computers and expanding communications, he says, adding: " We have seen only the beginnings of the anxiety, loss, excitement, and gains that many people will experience as our world shifts to a new highly technical planetary economy. "
他说,正是日益缩小的电脑与不断壮大的通讯业的结合在推动着这种经济变革。他还补充说: "我们已看到的仅仅是我们的世界向一个新的高科技全球经济转变时许多人将体验到的焦虑、失落、激动与成就的开端。 "

What that means in essence is that tiny computer chips, though relatively " dumb " on their own, can be added to billions of mundane objects and, thereby, yield substantial economic benefits.
实质上它的意思是:微小的电脑芯片,虽然自身相对 "沉默 ",却可以被附加在世间无数平凡的物体之上,并借此产生可观的经济效益。

When it comes to walking off those millennial excesses, a lengthy hike once a day will do you far more good than nipping down to the shops every couple of hours--even if the short walks add up to the same amount of time, say exercise researchers in Britain.
英国研究运动的人士说,就散步减肥而言,每天作一次长距离步行给你带来的好处远远超过每隔几小时逛一次商场-即便短距离步行累计的时间相同。

In rapid succession we added two biological children to the family
我们自己竟很快为家里连续添了两个小宝宝

The major difference is the option to add personal touches and the 3D imaging, which is based on software and motion capture technology used in Titanic, The phantom Menace, Jurassic Park, The Matrix and the video game Riven.
其主要的不同之处是,具有可让用户添加个人情趣和三维图像的选项。这全靠软件和动作捕获技术,这种技术已在《泰坦尼克号》、《幻影威胁》、《侏罗纪公园》、《浮雕》和电视游戏《劈木》中得到广泛应用。

Hartman said BlueMountain.com had intended to be the first to add senders ' voice to e-greetings and was surprised to hear that 3Dgreetings.com also was offering that option.
哈特曼说, BlueMountain.com 原打算成为将发送者语音加入电子贺卡的首创者,当得知 3Dgreetings.com 也在提供这种服务时感到惊讶。

A hallmark of embassy banking, in addition to having the right sort of connections, is discretion, says a spokesman for Riggs Bank, which has more branches than any other bank in the US capital.
除了有适当的联系沟通之外,使馆银行业务的一大特征是行事谨慎,里格斯银行的一位发言人如是说,该行在美国首都比其他任何银行拥有更多的分行。

His insistence that costumes be remade in Ming rather than Tang dynasty style, in keeping with the Forbidden City's vintage, added $330,000 to the tab.
为了与紫禁城的修建时代同步,他坚持服装要按明代而不是唐代的款式重新制作,仅此一项就增加了 33万美元的开支。

To add a touch of elegance to the evening, I brought out the good stuff--my white Royal Crown Derby china with the fine blue-and-gold border.
为了给那个晚上增添一点优雅的情趣,我摆出了一件奇珍异宝-绘有精美蓝边和金边的白色王冠德比牌的瓷器。

Life Is Beautiful is the sixth film Benigni has directed, and his greatest success, taking 28 international prizes since its release in December 1997 in addition to the Grand Jury Prize at Cannes.
《美丽人生》是贝尼尼执导的第六部影片,也是最成功的一部,自 1997年 12月上映以来已经获得了戛纳电影节评委会大奖及其以外的 28个国际奖项。

I guessed that if Long won, it would add some new support to the Nazis ' " master race "( Aryansuperiority) theory.
我心想,如果隆格获胜,那势必给纳粹的 "优等民族 "(雅利安人优异)论调增加新的佐证。
After all, I am a Negro.
毕竟,我是个黑人。

Then, trying to hide my nervousness, I added, " How are you? "
随后,我竭力想掩饰自已的不安,便又说道: "你怎么样? "

" Prostitution is a violation of the law, were you girls afraid of being arrested by police? " I wondered.
"卖淫是违法的,难道你们这些姑娘不怕被警察抓住? "我感到疑惑。
" All police in that area knew us and in addition, we had our pimps to protect us.
"那里的警察都认识我们,另外,还有皮条客保护我们。
To do their job, the police had to arrest us, but would release us soon afterwards.
警察为了例行公事,不得不抓我们,但很快就会放了我们。

To make it worse, I, under peer pressure, became a drug addict.
更糟糕的是,我在环境压力下染上了毒瘾。

Suppose, for example, you 've been asked to write a marketing plan for a new telephone device that will send your name, company, address and telephone number to a visual display or printer on another person's phone.
举例说,假设有人让你为一种新型电话设备写个营销计划。这种设备能把你的名字、你公司的名称、地址和电话号码传送到另一人电话机的显示器或打印机上。

In addition to conventional outlets like mass merchandisers and electronics stores, you'd like to know the number of " phone stores " in the United States.
除了像批发店和电子用品店这样的传统店铺外,你还想知道美国 "电话商店 "的数量。

An American doctor who wants to perform the world's first head transplant has conceded the host body would probably reject the new addition.
美国有位医生想实施世界上第一例头颅移植手术,他承认主体可能会排斥新移植的头颅。

Blood does not always mean colon cancer, and colon cancer can occur without bleeding, he said,
他说,出血并不总意味着结肠癌而结肠癌的发生也可能见不到出血,
adding that whether a home test shows positive or negative, it is wise to have an annual physical examination after age 50 ;
他还补充说,不论家庭测试显示为阳性或阴性,明智的做法是 50岁之后每年进行一次体检;
earlier if there are risk factors such as polyps or a family history of the disease.
如果存在危险因素,诸如有结肠息肉或是有该疾病的家族史,这种体检应更早一些进行。

It can download any Franklin or Microsoft Reader title, has an Outlook-compatible calendar and address book and plays audio books( or MP#s, if you care to squander the limited memory).
它采用一种背後照明发亮的大显示屏,非常便于阅读。它能下载任何富兰克林或者微软 Reader 格式的文档,有一个能与 Outlook 兼容的日历和地址簿,还能播放音频图书(或者 MP#s ,如果你乐意浪费它那有限的内存空间)。

You speak into a microphone, load the recordings in the computer, add kooky sound effects and sync the voice to animations that come with the software.
你对着麦克风说一段话,然后将录音装入电脑,添加一些奇特的声音,再和软件附带的一些动画搭配起来。

Interpolation adds pixels to an image, making it easier to enlarge.
添写能为一张图像增加像素,使它更容易放大。

Added to this are such perks as an in-house florist, an automobile repair shop, and even a dry cleaning service that delivers to your desk and workers at Oracle's Redwood Shores, California, campus.
此外,公司还为员工提供如下福利:公司内部设有花店和汽车修理厂,甚至还提供干洗服务,服务对象包括公司在加州雷德伍德海岸总部的所有工作人员。

Trivnet wants to add your monthly e-tab to your regular phone or ISP bill.
Trivnet 公司计划将你每月的电子购物帐单添加到你的电话费或网络服务费的帐单中。

Yet even if the cause of the accident is pinpointed, fixing the plane to the satisfaction of British and French regulators will add to the cost of operating the aircraft.
然而,即使协和式飞机失事的原因被查明,要把飞机维修到让英法两国民航当局满意的地步,飞机运营成本将大幅提高。

It addresses their special problems( where to seat the kids, whether to invite the ex's, should the bride's old wedding dress be worn a second time) which are largely ignored by traditional publications devoted to starry-eyed, first-time brides.
该杂志讨论各种具体问题(举行婚礼时,小孩应该坐在什么地方,是否邀请前妻或前夫参加,新郎上次结婚时穿的服装这次是否能继续穿等)。一些传统的出版物将主要篇幅奉献给充满幻想的初婚新娘,因而大多忽略了上述问题。

In addition to the bride and groom, a new family medallion is given to each of the children.
除新郎新娘之外,还要向新家庭中的每个孩子赠送一枚家庭奖章。

Although we do add patterns of interneuronal connections and neurotransmitter concentrations when we learn, the current overall capacity of the human brain is highly constrained, restricted to a mere 100 trillion connections.


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