英语学习词典
  

acquired

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acquire [ ə'kwaiə] vt.取得;获得;学到

acquire [ə'kwaiə] vt.取得,获得,学到

acquired [ ə'kwaird] adj.后天习得的

acquire [ə'kwaiə] 获取

艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Acquiring enterprise 购方企业

after-acquired property clause 后取得财产条款

Bodily exercise, when compulsory, does no harm to the body; but knowledge which is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.
强制的身体锻炼不会损害身体,但被迫学习的知识占据不了头脑。

He acquired a knowledge of the language by careful study.
他通过认真学习掌握了这门语言。

The company has recently acquired a new office building in central Shanghai.
这家公司最近在上海市中心买了一栋新的办公楼。

As a specialist, he imposes certain limits on his studies in order to acquire a deeper understanding and more detailed knowledge of his special subject.
作为专家,他对自己的研究领域进行了某些限定,以便对专门领域有更深入的了解及更详尽的知识。

AIDS: acquired immune deficiency syndrome 艾滋病; 后天性免疫力缺乏症

What does the phrase ‘learning to use a computer’ mean? It sounds like ‘learning to drive a car’; that is , it sounds as if there is some set of definite skills that, once acquired, enable one to use a computer.
“学习使用计算机”这个短语是什么意思呢?听起来像是“学习驾驶汽车”也就是说,好象里面有一套确定的技能,一旦获得,就会使用计算机了。

How did he acquire his wealth?
他的财富是怎样得来的?

All right. I will send the information on a piecemeal basis as we acquire it.
好。我们收齐之后会立即寄给你。

To acquire wealth is difficult, to preserve it more difficult, but to spend it wisely most difficult of all.
积财难,守财最难,而聪明地散财最难。

All right. I will send the information on a piecemeal basis as we acquire it.
好。我们收齐之后会立即寄给你。

It enables men to construct an intellectual vision of a new world, and it preserves the zest of life by the suggestion of satisfying purpose.
Alfred North Whitehead, British philosopher and mathematician  
想象能使人理智地观察一个新世界,想象可以通过暗示令人满意的目标来使人保持对生活的热情。
英国哲学家。数学家怀特海. A. N.
It is at our mother's knee that we acquire our noblest and truest and highest ideals, but there is seldom any money in them.
Mark Twain. American writer
就是在我们母亲的膝上,我们获得了我们的最高尚、最真诚和最远大的理想,但是里面很少有任何金钱。
美国作家马克?吐温

Only those who have the patience to do simple things perfectly ever acquire the skill to do
difficult things easily.
Friedrich Schiller. Greman dramatist and poet
只有有耐心圆满完成简单工作的人,才能够轻而易举地完成困难的事。
德国剧作家、诗人席勒.F.

A great part of the information I have was acquired by looking up something and finding something else on the way.
Adas Franklin. Aerican humorist  
我的大部分知识都是这样获得的:在寻找某个资料时意外的发现了另外的资料。
美国幽默作家富兰克林,A.

acquired a. 已取得的,已获得的,已成习惯的,后天的

@@@ 爱; 喜欢
a standing ovation 起立欢呼
acquire a taste for sth. 对...有兴趣, 开始喜欢
attach to 1.依附在...上; 系在...上
2.依恋; 喜爱
3.认为...有重要性
be fond of 喜欢; 偏爱
care for 1.照顾, 照看
2.喜欢,喜爱
catch on 1.理解, 领会
2.逐渐流行, 逐渐受欢迎
do one's thing 做拿手的并且喜欢做的事
endear to (使)受到喜爱
enthusiasm for 热衷; 热爱
fall in love with 爱上...; 喜欢上...
keen on 喜爱; 热衷于
love affair 恋爱; 风流韵事
make sb. welcome 表示欢迎
prefer to 1.宁愿..., 更喜爱
2.喜爱A甚于B; 选择A而不选择B
take care of 1.负责, 处理
2.照顾, 照应; 爱护
welcome back 欢迎回来

@@@ 开始
acquire a taste for sth. 对...有兴趣, 开始喜欢
come from 开始于...; 起源于...; 出生
于...
come into effect 开始生效, 开始实行
come on (劝说等)来吧; 开始
get busy 开始工作
get cracking 开始; (尤指)大干起来
get down to 开始认真做...
get going 开始, 着手
get off on the wrong foot 开始就不顺利; 一开始就犯了个错误
get off the ground (指活动、事业等)顺利开始
get set 准备好开始
get the ball rolling 开始某种活动, 开始
get to work (on) 开始工作; 开始做...
go ahead 先请; 请开始吧; 继续
go off 爆炸; (闹钟、雷)开始响起来
start out 开始时打算, 本来想要; 动身
take up 1.开始从事
2.提出
3.接纳, 吸收

爱滋病 [ài zī bìng] /AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)/

获取 [huò qǔ] /(v) gain; get; acquire/

兼并 [jiān bìng] /to annex/to take over/to acquire/

取得 [qǔ dé] /to acquire/to get/to obtain/

所得 [suǒ dé] /(n) that which one acquires; one's gains/

养成 [yǎng chéng] /form/acquire/cultivate/

They should be quick to respond to letters to the editor, lest animal rights misinformation go unchallenged and acquire a deceptive appearance of truth.
他们应该对报刊的读者来信及时做出反应,以防止动物权利的误导言论在毫无质疑的情况下横行,从而获得一副真理的面容。

Yet railroads continue to borrow billions to acquire one another, with Wall Street cheering them on.
然而铁路公司仍然继续贷款数十亿美元来进行相互兼并,而华尔街也鼓励它们这样做。

Consider the $10.2 billion bid by Norfolk Southern and CSX to acquire Conrail this year.
请想一想今年南诺弗克公司和CSX公司为兼并康雷尔公司所花的102亿美元吧。
Conrail's net railway operating income in 1996 was just $427 million, less than half of the carrying costs of the transaction.
康雷尔公司1996年铁路运营纯收入为4.27亿美元,这还不足这宗交易运作成本的一半。
Who's going to pay for the rest of the bill?
谁来支付其余的费用?
Many captive shippers fear that they will, as Norfolk Southern and CSX increase their grip on the market.
许多“被控”客户担心他们会,因为南诺弗克和CSX公司将增加对市场的控制。

{adj: accumulative} marked by acquiring or amassing
"we live in an accumulative society"

{adj: acquirable} capable of being acquired

{adj: acquired} gotten through environmental forces
"acquired characteristics (such as a suntan or a broken nose) cannot be passed on"

{adj: acquisitive} eager to acquire and possess things especially material possessions or ideas
"an acquisitive mind"
"an acquisitive society in which the craving for material things seems never satisfied"
<-> unacquisitive

{adj: adopted, adoptive} acquired as your own by free choice
"my adopted state"
"an adoptive country"
<-> native

{adj: avaricious, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy, prehensile} immoderately desirous of acquiring e.g. wealth
"they are avaricious and will do anything for money"
"casting covetous eyes on his neighbor's fields"
"a grasping old miser"
"grasping commercialism"
"greedy for money and power"
"grew richer and greedier"
"prehensile employers stingy with raises for their employees"

{adj: congenital, inborn, innate} present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development

{adj: divine, godlike} appropriate to or befitting a god
"the divine strength of Achilles"
"a man of godlike sagacity"
"man must play God for he has acquired certain godlike powers"-R.H.Roveref

{adj: earned} gained or acquired; especially through merit or as a result of effort or action
"a well-earned reputation for honesty"
"earned income"
"an earned run in baseball"
<-> unearned

{adj: empty-handed, unrewarded} having acquired or gained nothing
"the returned from the negotiations empty-handed"

{adj: fledgling, fledgeling} (of a young bird) having acquired its flight feathers
"a fledgling robin"

{adj: learned} acquired by learning
"learned skills"

{adj: new} not of long duration; having just (or relatively recently) come into being or been made or acquired or discovered
"a new law"
"new cars"
"a new comet"
"a new friend"
"a new year"
"the New World"
<-> old

{adj: preliterate} not yet having acquired the ability to read and write

{adj: trained} having acquired necessary skills by e.g. undergoing a course of study
"a trained nurse"
"a trained voice"
"trained manpower"
"psychologically trained workers"

{adj: unacquisitive} not acquisitive; not interested in acquiring or owning anything
<-> acquisitive

{adj: unnaturalized, unnaturalised} not having acquired citizenship

{adv: questionably, dubiously} in a questionable and dubious manner
"these were estates his father questionably acquired"

{adv: singularly} in a singular manner or to a singular degree
"Lord T. was considered singularly licentious even for the courts of Russia and Portugal; he acquired three wives and fourteen children during his Portuguese embassy alone"

{n: AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome} a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles

{n: Aladdin} in the Arabian Nights a boy who acquires a magic lamp from which he can summon a genie

{n: Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de Lamarck, Chevalier de Lamarck} French naturalist who proposed that evolution resulted from the inheritance of acquired characteristics (1744-1829)

{n: Lamarckism} a theory of organic evolution claiming that acquired characteristics are transmitted to offspring

{n: Neo-Lamarckism} a modern Lamarckian theory emphasizing the importance of environmental factors in genetic changes and retaining the notion of the inheritance of acquired characters

{n: Renaissance man, generalist} a modern scholar who is in a position to acquire more than superficial knowledge about many different interests
"a statistician has to be something of a generalist"
<-> specialist

{n: Reye's syndrome} acquired brain disorder following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children

{n: Victor Emanuel II} king of Italy who completed the unification of Italy by acquiring Venice and Rome (1820-1878)

{n: Weismann, August Friedrich Leopold Weismann} German biologist who was one of the founders of modern genetics; his theory of genetic transmission ruled out the possibility of transmitting acquired characteristics (1834-1914)

{n: acquired hemochromatosis} hemochromatosis resulting from repeated transfusions or from excessive intake of foods containing iron

{n: acquired immunity} immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination

{n: acquired taste} a preference that is only acquired after considerable experience
"martinis are an acquired taste"

{n: acquirer} a person who acquires something (usually permanently)

{n: acquiring, getting} the act of acquiring something
"I envied his talent for acquiring"
"he's much more interested in the getting than in the giving"

{n: acquisition} something acquired
"a recent acquisition by the museum"

{n: acquisition} the act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
"the acquisition of wealth"
"the acquisition of one company by another"

{n: acquisitiveness} strong desire to acquire and possess

{n: activation energy, energy of activation} the energy that an atomic system must acquire before a process (such as an emission or reaction) can occur
"catalysts are said to reduce the energy of activation during the transition phase of a reaction"

{n: active immunity} a form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its own antibodies against disease-causing antigens

{n: amebic dysentery, amoebic dysentery} inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea

{n: annexation} the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation
"the French annexation of Madagascar as a colony in 1896"
"a protectorate has frequently been a first step to annexation"

{n: assumption, laying claim} the act of taking possession of or power over something
"his assumption of office coincided with the trouble in Cuba"
"the Nazi assumption of power in 1934"
"he acquired all the company's assets for ten million dollars and the assumption of the company's debts"

{n: capture} any process in which an atomic or nuclear system acquires an additional particle

{n: comprehension} an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result)
"how you can do that is beyond my comprehension"
"he was famous for his comprehension of American literature"
<-> incomprehension

{n: conditional reflex, conditioned reflex, acquired reflex, conditional reaction, conditioned reaction, conditional response, conditioned response} an acquired response that is under the control of (conditional on the occurrence of) a stimulus

{n: conditioned emotional response, CER, conditioned emotion} an emotional response that has been acquired by conditioning

{n: consuetude} a custom or usage that has acquired the force of law

{n: corporate investor} a company that invests in (acquires control of) other companies

{n: deposit} money given as security for an article acquired for temporary use
"his deposit was refunded when he returned the car"

{n: disposition} a natural or acquired habit or characteristic tendency in a person or thing
"a swelling with a disposition to rupture"

{n: education} knowledge acquired by learning and instruction
"it was clear that he had a very broad education"

{n: education} the gradual process of acquiring knowledge
"education is a preparation for life"
"a girl's education was less important than a boy's"

{n: first in first out, FIFO} inventory accounting in which the oldest items (those first acquired) are assumed to be the first sold

{n: free lunch} something acquired without effort or payment or obligation
"there is no free lunch in politics or Hollywood"

{n: gift} something acquired without compensation

{n: good will, goodwill} (accounting) an intangible asset valued according to the advantage or reputation a business has acquired (over and above its tangible assets)

{n: greed} excessive desire to acquire or possess more (especially more material wealth) than one needs or deserves

{n: habit, use, wont} a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition
"she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"
"long use had hardened him to it"

{n: homestead} land acquired from the United States public lands by filing a record and living on and cultivating it under the homestead law

{n: human immunodeficiency virus, HIV} the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells

{n: incurring} acquiring or coming into something (usually undesirable)
"incurring debts is easier than paying them"

{n: information} knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

{n: inheritance, hereditary pattern} (genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents

{n: intuitionism} (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition

{n: last in first out, LIFO} inventory accounting in which the most recently acquired items are assumed to be the first sold

{n: learned reaction, learned response} a reaction that has been acquired by learning

{n: learning, acquisition} the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
"the child's acquisition of language"

{n: lysogenization, lysogenisation} the process by which a bacterium acquires a phage that becomes integrated into its genome

{n: megacolon} an abnormal enlargement of the colon; can be congenital (as in Hirschsprung's disease) or acquired (as when children refuse to defecate)

{n: natural theology} a theology that holds that knowledge of God can be acquired by human reason without the aid of divine revelation

{n: nonsocial infection, cross infection} an infection that is acquired at a hospital or other healthcare facility

{n: organon} a system of principles for philosophic or scientific investigations; an instrument for acquiring knowledge

{n: passive immunity} an impermanent form of acquired immunity in which antibodies against a disease are acquired naturally (as through the placenta to an unborn child) or artificially (as by injection of antiserum)

{n: power hunger, status seeking} a drive to acquire power

{n: preemptor, pre-emptor} someone who acquires land by preemption

{n: procurer, securer} someone who obtains or acquires
"the procurer of opera tickets"

{n: property settlement} (matrimonial law) the division of property owned or acquired by marriage partners during their marriage

{n: pulmonary anthrax, inhalation anthrax, anthrax pneumonia, ragpicker's disease, ragsorter's disease, woolsorter's pneumonia, woolsorter's disease} a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; initial symptoms (chill and cough and dyspnea and rapid pulse) are followed by extreme cardiovascular collapse

{n: purchase} something acquired by purchase

{n: quick study, sponge} someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily
"she soaks up foreign languages like a sponge"

{n: raising, rearing, nurture} the properties acquired as a consequence of the way you were treated as a child

{n: rationalism} (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience

{n: reputation, report} the general estimation that the public has for a person
"he acquired a reputation as an actor before he started writing"
"he was a person of bad report"

{n: retentiveness, retentivity} the property of retaining possessions that have been acquired

{n: rhinosporidiosis} fungal infection of the nose; often acquired while swimming

{n: ripening, aging, ageing} acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time

{n: safe harbor} the target company defends itself by acquiring a company so onerously regulated that it makes the target less attractive
"the acquisition gave the company a safe harbor"

{n: second nature} acquired behavior that is practiced so long it seems innate

{n: seeking} an attempt to acquire or gain something

{n: skill, accomplishment, acquirement, acquisition, attainment} an ability that has been acquired by training

{n: skilled worker, trained worker, skilled workman} a worker who has acquired special skills

{n: squatter, homesteader, nester} someone who settles lawfully on government land with the intent to acquire title to it

{n: symbol} an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance

{n: theology} the learned profession acquired by specialized courses in religion (usually taught at a college or seminary)
"he studied theology at Oxford"

{n: tradecraft} skill acquired through experience in a trade; often used to discuss skill in espionage
"instructional designers are trained in something that might be called tradecraft"
"the CIA chief of station accepted responsibility for his agents' failures of tradecraft"

{n: upbringing} properties acquired during a person's formative years

{n: vitiligo} an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)

{v: acquire, win, gain} win something through one's efforts
"I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"
"Gain an understanding of international finance"
<-> lose

{v: acquire} locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar

{v: alligator} of paint, varnish, or the like: to crack and acquire the appearance of alligator hide, as from weathering or improper application

{v: assume, acquire, adopt, take on, take} take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
"His voice took on a sad tone"
"The story took a new turn"
"he adopted an air of superiority"
"She assumed strange manners"
"The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"

{v: buy, purchase} obtain by purchase ; acquire by means of a financial transaction
"The family purchased a new car"
"The conglomerate acquired a new company"
"She buys for the big department store"
<-> sell

{v: buy} acquire by trade or sacrifice or exchange
"She wanted to buy his love with her dedication to him and his work"

{v: develop, acquire, evolve} gain through experience
"I acquired a strong aversion to television"
"Children must develop a sense of right and wrong"
"Dave developed leadership qualities in his new position"
"develop a passion for painting"

{v: differentiate} become distinct and acquire a different character

{v: earn, garner} acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions

{v: get, acquire} come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
"She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"
"They acquired a new pet"
"Get your results the next day"
"Get permission to take a few days off from work"

{v: get} acquire as a result of some effort or action
"You cannot get water out of a stone"
"Where did she get these news?"

{v: grow, develop, produce, get, acquire} come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes)
"He grew a beard"
"The patient developed abdominal pains"
"I got funny spots all over my body"
"Well-developed breasts"

{v: learn, larn, acquire} acquire or gain knowledge or skills
"She learned dancing from her sister"
"I learned Sanskrit"
"Children acquire language at an amazing rate"

{v: make} act in a certain way so as to acquire
"make friends"
"make enemies"

{v: pigment} acquire pigment ; become colored or imbued

{v: preempt} acquire by preemption

The common life of every day, with its cares, necessities, and duties, affords ample opportunity for acquiring experience of the best kind;
普通的日常生活以及其中的忧虑、各种不可避免之事和种种职责提供了取得最好经验的很多机会;
and its most beaten paths provide the true worker with abundant scope for effort and mom for self-improvement.
生活中走过最多的老路给诚实的工作者以充分努力的机会和自我修养的空间。

In 1863 Hongkong and Whampoa Dock Company was established to acquire docks and repair yards at Whampoa, on the Pearl River in China, and at the then newly constructed dry docks at Aberdeen on Hong Kong Island. 1863年,香港惠姆渡船坞公司为获得船坞和修理厂而于中国江边的惠姆波建厂,并于当时在香港岛阿伯丁新建干船坞。

All told, First Union acquired some 80 banks and financial services companies in 15 years.
第一联合公司在 15年里总共收购了大约 80家银行和金融服务公司。

Moreover, as a result of North Carolina being one of the first states in the US to deregulate banking, First Union " could wet its feet early acquiring companies and working in capital markets, insurance, asset management and securities, well ahead of the financial services deregulation act ", which was finally approved in November 1999, says Steven Bash, senior vice-president and managing director for Europe and emerging markets.
而且,由于北卡罗来纳州是美国首批解除对银行业务管制的州之一,第一联合公司 "得以尽早地涉足了收购公司和在资本市场保险、资产管理以及有价证券等领域中开展业务,这走在了解除金融业务管制法案的前面 ",该法案在 1999年 11月最终获得通过,高级副总裁兼欧洲和新兴市场总经理史蒂文·巴什这样说。

He spared no expense to help me acquire several nice outfits.
他真舍得花钱,为我买了好几套漂亮衣服。

Ocean Futures sees this as a " labor of the heart, " but hopes it will also help raise public interest in environmental issues of the oceans. " The knowledge we are acquiring with this enormous effort is going to help all whales, all orcas,
海洋未来机构认为这是一次心甘情愿的活动,希望以此唤起公众对海洋环境问题的关注。库斯多信心十足地说:通过这次活动我们学到的知识将对所有鲸鱼和所有逆戟鲸有利。
and we will grow up better people in the process and manage our resources better, " says Cousteau, confidently.
此外,这次活动还将有助於净化我们的心灵,让我们学会如何更好地管理现有的资源。

Lately, he has been acquiring hot but small companies at the rate of one a week.
最近,他每周都要收购一个规模不大但很受欢迎的公司。

When Arnault launched a takeover of Gucci last year, quietly acquiring more than 20% of its outstanding shares which he still holds and then making an $8.7 billion bid for the whole firm, Gucci struck back by emulating the very business that was trying to acquire it.
去年,阿诺尔特计划收购古驰时,暗中购入该公司 20%的已发行股份(现在仍持有)。他随後出资 87亿美元,试图买下整个古驰。然而,古驰不仅没有出售,反而开始在业务方面效仿路易威登。

But first, both companies will have to either acquire or form partnerships with existing broadband cable networks.
不过,两家公司必须首先和现有的宽带电缆网络达成伙伴关系。

His mom's great grandfather, Bernhardt Vesper, acquired a 25,000-acre ranch in Cotulla, in southern Texas.
他的曾外祖父伯恩哈特·维斯珀在位于得克萨斯州南部的科图拉购买了 25, 000英亩的牧常

Amazon Inc. has also acquired other established Internet sales companies such as Drugstore.com, Pets.com, HomeGrocer.com, and Gear.com.
亚马孙公司还收购了几家业已获得成功的网络销售公司,如 Drugstore.com , Pets.com , HomeGrocer.com 和 Gear.com 。

Buffet spent $725 million to acquire Executive Jet Aviation, operator of NetJets, which created a business in fractional ownership of aircraft.
巴菲特投资 7.25亿美元购买了公务机公司,这家公司运营入股购买飞机的 NetJets 业务。

If a tumor has acquired the mutations for spreading, the doctor of the future may call on a new kind of drug that can be taken orally to block the enzymes a tumor uses to break down the cells of surrounding tissue and invade it.
如果某个肿瘤已发展为可以转移的变异,未来的医生可以采用一种新型的口服药,用以制止肿瘤利用着击破和侵入周围组织的细胞。

Before you know it, Michael has acquired his eponymous Mob nickname, is burying stiffs in Brooklyn and, finally, wearing a wire for a comically clueless FBI, whose forces include a hearing-challenged agent.
迈克尔很快就成为一个犯罪团伙的首领,正在布鲁克林掩埋死尸,最后竟然为一位身份不明的联邦调查局工作人员携带窃听器。这个联邦调查局工作人员手下还有一名耳朵不好使的特工人员。

This policy of colonization through acculturation was continued when Mexico acquired Texas in the early 1800's and brought the indigenous Indians into Mexican life and government.
这种通过文化适应(acculturation)来进行的殖民政策在墨西哥于十九世纪初期兼并了得克萨斯(Texas)的时候仍得以继续,从而将土著印第安人纳入到墨西哥式的生活和政府管理中来。

As their numbers became more substantial, their policy of acquiring land by subduing native populations began to dominate.
随着他们的数量日趋众多,他们那种通过征服当地居民获取土地的政策开始占据上风。

As a result of the decay of the vacuum, the space permeated by such a field can be said to acquire an electric charge, and it can be called a charged vacuum.
作为真空衰变的一个结果,由这样一个电场充斥着的空间可谓是获得了一个电荷,该空间便可被称为带有电荷的真空。

The U.S. administration is warning Iran against pursuing a nuclear weapons program, which it calls a threat to international security. But Washington and its European allies differ on how best to pressure Iran to stop. U.S. officials say Iran is pursuing a nuclear weapons program and must be stopped. "We cannot let Iran, a leading sponsor of international terrorism, acquire nuclear weapons and the means to deliver them to Europe, most of central Asia and the Middle East, or beyond," said John Bolton, the top State Department official on arms control and security issues. "Without serious, concerted, immediate intervention by the international community, Iran will be well on the road to doing so."

美国政府警告伊朗不要继续发展核武器,认为这对国际安全造成了威胁。然而,华盛顿和欧盟在如何最好的给伊朗施压方面存在分歧。美国官员说,伊朗必须停止发展核武器。博尔顿是美国国务院负责武器控制和安全问题的最高官员。博尔顿说:“我们不能让伊朗这样一个支持国际恐怖主义的主要国家获得核武器, 以及把这些武器发射到欧洲、中亚和中东大部份地区,或者更远地方的运载工具。国际社会如果不立即采取认真的协调行动及时进行干预,伊朗就会沿着这条路继续走下去。”

A51.5
Early syphilis, latent
Syphilis (acquired)without clinical manifestations, with positive serological reaction and
negative spinal fluid test, less than two years after infection.
潜伏性早期梅毒
感染後两年内 , 无临床症状 , 伴有阳性血清学反应
和阴性脊髓液验之 ( 後天性 ) 梅毒。

A52.8
Late syphilis, latent
Syphilis (acquired) without clinical manifestations, with positive serological reaction
and negative spinal fluid test, two years or more after infection.
潜伏性晚期梅毒
感染後两年或以上 , 无临床症状 , 伴有阳性血清学
反应和阴性脊液检验之 ( 後天性 ) 梅毒。

A53.9
Syphilis, unspecified
Infection due to Treponema pallidum NOS
Syphilis (acquired) NOS
Excludes: syphilis NOS causing death under two years of age (A50.2)
未明示的梅毒
其他未明示梅毒螺旋体感染
其他未明示的 ( 後天性 ) 梅毒
不包含 : 两岁以内其他未明示的梅毒所致的死亡 (
A50.2 )

B24
Unspecified human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS] NOS
AIDS-related complex [ARC] NOS
未明示的人类免疫缺乏病毒疾病
其他未明示的後天免疫缺乏徵候群
其他未明示的後天免疫缺乏徵候丛

D59
Acquired haemolytic anaemia
後天性溶血性贫血

E01.8
Other iodine-deficiency-related thyroid disorders and allied conditions
Acquired iodine-deficiency hypothyroidism NOS
其他与缺碘有关的甲状腺疾患及相关病况
其他未明示的後天性缺碘性甲状腺低能症

E03.4
Atrophy of thyroid (acquired)
Excludes: congenital atrophy of thyroid (E03.1)
甲状腺萎缩 ( 後天性 )
不包含 : 先天性甲状腺萎缩 (E03.1)

E25
Adrenogenital disorders
Includes: adrenogenital syndromes, virilizing or feminizing,
whether acquired or due to adrenal hyperplasia consequent on inborn enzyme defects in
hormone synthesis
female:
. adrenal pseudohermaphroditism
. heterosexual precocious pseudopuberty
male:
. isosexual precocious pseudopuberty
. macrogenitosomia praecox
. sexual precocity with adrenal hyperplasia
virilization (female)
肾上皮性生殖异常
包含 : 肾上皮性生殖徵候群、男性化或女性化 , 不
管是後天性或起因於先天性激素合成酵素缺陷的肾
上腺增生
女性 :
. 肾上腺假阴阳症 
. 异性早熟性假青春期
男性 :
. 同性早熟性假青春期
. 早熟性巨生殖器巨体
    . 伴有肾上腺增生之性早熟
男性化 ( 女性 )

F02.8*
Dementia in other specified diseases classified elsewhere
Dementia in:
. cerebral lipidosis(E75.-+)
. epilepsy (G40.-+)
. hepatolenticular degeneration (E83.0+)
. hypercalcaemia (E83.5+)
. hypothyroidism, acquired (E01,E03.-+)
. intoxications (T36-T65+)
. multiple sclerosis (G35+)
. neurosyphilis (A52.1+)
. niacin deficiency [pellagra] (E52+)
. polyarteritis nodosa (M30.0+)
. systemic lupus erythcmatosus (M32.-+)
. trypanosomiasis (B56.-+, B57.-+)
. vitamin B12 deficiency (E53.8+)
他处已归类之其他明示疾病之痴呆 
痴呆发生於 :
. 大脑类脂代谢障碍症 (E75.-+)  
. 癫痫 (G40.-+)  
. 肝豆状核变质〔威尔逊氏病〕 (E83.0+)  
. 血钙过高 (E83.5+)  
. 甲状腺机能低下症 , 後天性 (E01,E03.-+)  
. 中毒 (T36-T65+)  
. 多发性硬化症 (G35+)  
. 神经性梅毒 (A52.1+)  
. 菸硷酸缺乏〔癞皮病〕 (E52+)  
. 结节性多发性动脉炎 (M30.0+)  
. 散播性红斑性狼疮 (M32.-+)  
. 锥虫病 ( 非洲 B56.-+, 美洲 B57.-+)  
. 维生素 B12 缺乏 (E53.8+)  

Disorders of adult personality and
behaviour (F60-F69)
This block includes a variety of conditions and behaviour patterns of clinical
significance which tend to be persistent and appear to be the expression of the
individual's characteristic lifestyle and mode of relating to himself or herself and
others. Some of these conditions and patterns of behaviour emerge early in the course of
individual development, as a result of both constitutional factors and social experience,
while others are acquired later in life. Specific personality disorders (F60.-), mixed and
other personality disorders (F61.-), and enduring personality changes (F62.-) are deeply
ingrained and enduring behaviour patterns, manifesting as inflexible responses to a broad
range of personal and social situations. They represent extreme or significant deviations
from the way in which the average individual in a given culture perceives, thinks, feels
and, particularly, relates to others. Such behaviour patterns tend to be stable and to
encompass multiple domains of behaviour and psychological functioning. They are
frequently, but not always, associated with various degrees of subjective distress and
problems of social performance.
成人人格与行为违常 (F60-F69)
这一节包含了各种较具有临床意义之状态及行为模
式 , 它们倾向於较具持久性 , 表现出个人生活型态
之特徵以及个人与他人之应对模式。上述这些有意
义的状态及行为模式 , 有些是在个体发展的早期就
表现出来 , 可说是体质因素和社会经验的结果 ; 然
而其馀则是在个体生命的後期方形成的 , 无论是特
定人格障碍症、混合型与其他人格障碍症及持续的
人格改变 , 都是根深蒂固持续的行为模式。显示出
他们对个人的与对社会情境采取较僵化的反应。他
们与相同文化 , 思想 , 经验的一般大众比较之下显
示有极大差异 , 这些行为模式倾向於固定 , 而且表
现在多方面的行为及心理功能上。经常会造成个案
本人痛苦 , 以及其社会功能表现的问题。

F63.2
Pathological stealing [kleptomania] ,br> Disorder char.lcterizcd hy
repeated failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not acquired for personal
use or monetary gain. The objects may instead be discarded, given away, or hoarded. This
behaviour is usually accompanied by an increasing sense of tension before, and a sense of


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