英语学习词典
  

academic

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academic [ ækə'demik] a.学院的;学术的

硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification)

curriculum 课程
major 主修
minor 副修
educational highlights 课程重点部分
curriculum included 课程包括
specialized courses 专门课程
courses taken 所学课程
courses completed 所学课程
special training 特别训练
social practice 社会实践
part-time jobs 业余工作
summer jobs 暑期工作
vacation jobs 假期工作
refresher course 进修课程
extracurricular activities 课外活动
physical activities 体育活动
recreational activities 娱乐活动
academic activities 学术活动
social activities 社会活动

educational system 学制
academic year 学年
semester 学期(美)
term 学期 (英)

president 校长
vice-president 副校长
dean 院长
assistant dean 副院长
academic dean 教务长
department chairman 系主任
professor 教授
associate professor 副教授
guest professor 客座教授
lecturer 讲师
teaching assistant 助教
research fellow 研究员
research assistant 助理研究员
supervisor 论文导师
principal 中学校长(美)
headmaster 中学校长(英)
master 小学校长 (美)
dean of studies 教务长
dean of students 教导主任
dean of students 教导主任
teacher 教师
probation teacher 代课教师
tutor 家庭教师
governess 女家庭教师

Practical Training(实习):一个学生在其专业领域内从事的获得批准的全部时间的就业
(full-time employment),可以是在一个教育项目执行期间,也可以是在该项目完成之后。
具有F-1非移民身份的外国学生最多可以从事12个月的实习;J-1"交流学者"最多可以
从事18个月的实习,称为"学业培训"("academic training")。具有M-1非移民身份
的外国学生,只有在他们的教育项目完成之后才能申请实习,每在校正规学习4个月可允许
其从事1个月的实习。持有F-1、J-1和M-1签证的学生都必须具备大学或交流项目主管机
构的推荐书。F-1学生自愿从事实习(optional practical training)和M-1学生完成学业之后
的实习(post-completion practical training)都必须得到移民归化局的批准。

Academic Adviser (导师):在学习上帮助学生并为其提供咨询的教师。他们还在学生选课
过程中给予协助。

Academic Probation (留校察看),一般简称为"probation"(试读以观后效):学生由于
学业成绩不佳,可受留校察看处置,如果试读一段时间,仍然没有起色(如,分数没有提高),
即行开除。

Academic Year(学年):正常授课期,通常为9月到第二年6月份。各学校自行规定一学
年分为两学期(semester)、三学期(trimester),还是四学期(quarter)。

Interdisciplinary Major(跨学科主修课):综合学习两种或多种学科(discipline)或系
academic department)的学习项目。例如"拉丁美洲研究"就必须综合学习历史系、文学
系和政治系的课程。

Probation(试读):参阅"Academic Probation"(留校察看)栏目。

Professor Emeritus(荣誉教授):有时授予退休教师的一种学衔(academic title)。

Registrar(教务主任):保存学生学业记录(academic records)的学校行政负责人。

学年 school/academic year

学习成绩 academic record; school record

Academic Adviser (导师):在学习上帮助学生并为其提供咨询的教师。他们还在学生选课过程中给予协助。

Academic Probation (留校察看),一般简称为“probation”(试读以观后效):学生由于学业成绩不佳,可受留校察看处置,如果试读一段时间,仍然没有起色(如,分数没有提高),即行开除。

Academic Year(学年):正常授课期,通常为9月到第二年6月份。各学校自行规定一学年分为两学期(semester)、三学期(trimester),还是四学期(quarter)。

Interdisciplinary Major(跨学科主修课):综合学习两种或多种学科(discipline)或系(academic department)的学习项目。例如“拉丁美洲研究”就必须综合学习历史系、文学系和政治系的课程。

Professor Emeritus(荣誉教授):有时授予退休教师的一种学衔(academic title)。

Registrar(教务主任):保存学生学业记录(academic records)的学校行政负责人。

academic activities 学术活动

academic year 学年

academic dean 教务长

academic accreditation
学历评审

Hong Kong Parliamentary Academic Society 香港议会学会

By taking a major-related part-job, students can not only improve their academic studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get from the textbooks.
通过做一份和专业相关的工作,学生不仅能够提高他们的专业能力,而且能获得从课本上得不到的经验。

What's more, living in school can save them a great deal of time on the way between home and school everyday, so they would be able to concentrate more time and energy on their academic work.
而且,生活在学校里能节省大量每天往返于学校和家的路上的时间,这会使他们有更多的时间和精力放在学习上。 124. On the other hand, the contribution of day schools can't be ignored.
另一方面,日制学校的贡献是不能忽视的。

In Japanese society there is a lot of emphasis on academic success.
日本社会特别强调学业的成功。

His university has a good academic reputation.
他所在的大学有着良好的学术声誉。

The effective work of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities.
而有效遵守纪律的学生们往往是那些经常给校方提建议的学生。

Even the doctoral degree, long recognized as a required “ union card” in the academic world, has come under severe criticism as the pursuit of learning for its own sake and the accumulation of knowledge without immediate application to a professor’s classroom duties.
即使是学术界被长时间认作必须“同盟卡”的博士学位,现在也因为仅仅为了学习本身和知识的累积而学习,却不把知识应用到教授的教学职责中去而受到了严厉的批评。

He shut himself away for a month to catch up on his academic work.
他与世隔绝一个月,力图把功课赶上去。

不够实际的 academic

教育界 [jiào yù jiè] /academic world/academic circles/academia/

商学 [shāng xué] /business studies/commerce as an academic subject/

学年 [xué nián] /academic year/

学术 [xué shù] /learning/science/academic/

学术界 [xué shù jiè] /academic circles/academia/

At the same time, the American Law Institute — a group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weight — issued new guidelines for tort law stating that companies need not warn customers of obvious dangers or bombard them with a lengthy list of possible ones.
与此同时,美国法学会——该学会由一群举足轻重的法官、律师、学者所组成——签署了新的民事侵害法纲要,宣布公司不必警示顾客那些显而易见的危险,或者给顾客列出一份冗长的可能造成的危险的清单。

Leonard Schlesinger, a Harvard academic and former chief executive of Au Bong Pain, a rapidly growing chain of bakery cafes, says that much "re-engineering" has been crude.
哈佛学者,快速增长的面包连锁店Au Bon Pain的前任总裁莱昂纳多·施莱辛格说,许多“重组”是粗糙的。
In many cases, he believes, the loss of revenue has been greater than the reductions in cost.
他认为很多情况下,企业收益的损失超出了成本的降低。

Anti-science clearly means different things to different people.
显然,反科学对不同的人有不同的含义。
Gross and Levitt find fault primarily with sociologists, philosophers and other academics who have questioned science's objectivity.
格罗斯和莱维特主要挑那些质疑科学客观性的社会学家、哲学家和其他学者的毛病。
Sagan is more concerned with those who believe in ghosts, creationism and other phenomena that contradict the scientific worldview.
而萨根则更关注那些相信鬼怪、上帝造物论和其他与科学世界观相左的人。

If the preoccupation of schools with academic work was lessened, more time might be spent teaching children surer values.
如果学校对学业的强调减少一些,也许就有更多的时间教孩子更重要的价值观念。

{adj: academic, donnish, pedantic} marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects

{adj: academic} associated with academia or an academy
"the academic curriculum"
"academic gowns"

{adj: academic} hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result
"an academic discussion"
"an academic question"

{adj: accelerated} speeded up, as of an academic course
"in an accelerated program in school"

{adj: cloistered, reclusive, secluded, sequestered} providing privacy or seclusion
"the cloistered academic world of books"
"sat close together in the sequestered pergola"
"sitting under the reclusive calm of a shade tree"
"a secluded romantic spot"

{adj: cum laude} with honor; with academic distinction
"a cum laude graduate"

{adj: curricular} of or relating to an academic course of study

{adj: disciplinary} relating to a specific field of academic study
"economics in its modern disciplinary sense"

{adj: extracurricular} outside the regular academic curriculum
"sports and drama are popular extracurricular activities"

{adj: magna cum laude} with high honor; with high academic distinction
"a magna cum laude graduate"

{adj: major} of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes
"his major field was mathematics"
<-> minor

{adj: minor} of your secondary field of academic concentration or specialization
<-> major

{adj: passive} expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb
"academics seem to favor passive sentences"
<-> active

{adj: summa cum laude} with highest honor; with the highest academic distinction
"a summa cum laude graduate"

{adv: academically} in regard to academic matters
"academically, this is a good school"

{adv: securely} in a manner free from fear or risk
"the outcome of expansion in the sixties and seventies will be an academic hierarchy securely supported by scholastic selection"
<-> insecurely

{n: English department, department of English} the academic department responsible for teaching English and American literature

{n: Geneva gown} black academic gown widely used by Protestant clergymen

{n: Open University} a British university that is open to people without formal academic qualifications and where teaching is by correspondence or broadcasting or summer school

{n: academia, academe} the academic world

{n: academic administrator} an administrator in a college or university

{n: academic costume} a costume worn on formal occasions by the faculty or students of a university or college

{n: academic degree, degree} an award conferred by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study
"he earned his degree at Princeton summa cum laude"

{n: academic department} a division of a school that is responsible for a given subject

{n: academic freedom} the freedom of teachers and students to express their ideas in school without religious or political or institutional restrictions

{n: academic gown, academic robe, judge's robe} a gown worn by academics or judges

{n: academic program} (education) a program of education in liberal arts and sciences (usually in preparation for higher education)

{n: academic relation} a professional relation between instructors and those they instruct

{n: academic requirement} a requirement for admission to or completion of an academic program

{n: academician, academic, faculty member} an educator who works at a college or university

{n: academician, schoolman} a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation

{n: anthropology department, department of anthropology} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in anthropology

{n: art department} the academic department responsible for teaching art and art appreciation

{n: art history} the academic discipline that studies the development of painting and sculpture

{n: bachelor's degree, baccalaureate} an academic degree conferred on someone who has successfully completed undergraduate studies

{n: biology department, department of biology} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in biology

{n: chemistry department, department of chemistry} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in chemistry

{n: colloquium} an academic meeting or seminar usually led by a different lecturer and on a different topic at each meeting

{n: colloquium} an address to an academic meeting or seminar

{n: commencement, commencement exercise, commencement ceremony, graduation, graduation exercise} an academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred

{n: community of scholars} the body of individuals holding advanced academic degrees

{n: course of study, program, programme, curriculum, syllabus} an integrated course of academic studies
"he was admitted to a new program at the university"

{n: curriculum vitae, CV, resume} a summary of your academic and work history

{n: degree program} a course of study leading to an academic degree

{n: department of computer science} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in computer science

{n: dissertation, thesis} a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research; usually a requirement for an advanced academic degree

{n: doctor's degree, doctorate} one of the highest earned academic degrees conferred by a university

{n: doctor, Dr.} a person who holds Ph.D. degree (or the equivalent) from an academic institution
"she is a doctor of philosophy in physics"

{n: economics department, department of economics} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in economics

{n: egghead} an intellectual; a very studious and academic person
"in spite of her love of reading she denied being an egghead"

{n: exercise} (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches
"academic exercises"

{n: final examination, final exam, final} an examination administered at the end of an academic term

{n: gold standard} a paragon of excellence
"academic education is the gold standard against which other educational activity is pejoratively judged"

{n: grade point average, GPA} a measure of a student's academic achievement at a college or university; calculated by dividing the total number of grade points received by the total number attempted

{n: history department, department of history} the academic department responsible for teaching history

{n: linguistics department, department of linguistics} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in linguistics

{n: master's degree} an academic degree higher than a bachelor's but lower than a doctor's

{n: master} someone who holds a master's degree from academic institution

{n: mathematics department, department of mathematics} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in mathematics

{n: midterm examination, midterm exam, midterm} an examination administered in the middle of an academic term

{n: midterm} middle of an academic term or a political term in office

{n: mortarboard} an academic cap with a flat square with a tassel on top

{n: music department, department of music} the academic department responsible for teaching music and music appreciation

{n: natural history} the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals

{n: niche} a position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it
"he found his niche in the academic world"

{n: philosophy department, department of philosophy} the academic department responsible for teaching philosophy

{n: physics department, department of physics} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in physics

{n: postdoc, post doc} a scholar or researcher who is involved in academic study beyond the level of a doctoral degree

{n: promenade, prom} a formal ball held for a school class toward the end of the academic year

{n: protocol} code of correct conduct
"safety protocols"
"academic protocol"

{n: psychology department, department of psychology} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in psychology

{n: qualification, making} an attribute that must be met or complied with and that fits a person for something
"her qualifications for the job are excellent"
"one of the qualifications for admission is an academic degree"
"she has the makings of fine musician"

{n: real world, real life} the practical world as opposed to the academic world
"a good consultant must have a lot of experience in the real world"

{n: rigmarole, rigamarole} a long and complicated and confusing procedure
"all that academic rigmarole was a waste of time"

{n: salutatorian, salutatory speaker} a graduating student with the second highest academic rank; may deliver the opening address at graduation exercises

{n: scholarship} financial aid provided to a student on the basis of academic merit

{n: school term, academic term, academic session, session} the time during which a school holds classes
"they had to shorten the school term"

{n: school year, academic year} the period of time each year when the school is open and people are studying

{n: secondary modern school} a former British secondary school emphasizing practical rather than academic education

{n: semester hour, credit hour} a unit of academic credit; one hour a week for an academic semester

{n: semester} one of two divisions of an academic year

{n: sociology department, department of sociology} the academic department responsible for teaching and research in sociology

{n: summer school} an academic session during the summer; usually for remedial or supplementary study

{n: teacher-student relation} the academic relation between teachers and their students

{n: testee, examinee} someone who is tested (as by an intelligence test or an academic examination)

{n: trimester} one of three divisions of an academic year

{v: accredit, recognize, recognise} grant credentials to
"The Regents officially recognized the new educational institution"
"recognize an academic degree"

{v: audit} attend academic courses without getting credit

{v: chair, chairman} act or preside as chair, as of an academic department in a university
"She chaired the department for many years"

{v: graduate} confer an academic degree upon
"This school graduates 2,000 students each year"

{v: graduate} receive an academic degree upon completion of one's studies
"She graduated in 1990"

{v: praise} express approval of
"The parents praised their children for their academic performance"
<-> criticize

Even so, physical education has fought stepchild status, competing with art and music for dollars, space and time in crowded academic schedules--and the ghosts of PE past.
即使如此,体育一直在同低下的地位抗争,在排得满满的课程表中同美术、音乐争费用、场地和时间-并且还得同过去的体育 "幽灵 "斗争。

Working with emotionally disturbed children, Sonya Carr of Southeastern Louisiana University and Rebecca Punzo, a New Orleans teacher reported that self-monitoring improves academic performance in reading, mathematics and spelling.
东南路易斯安那大学的索尼亚·卡尔和新奥尔良教师丽贝卡·庞佐在研究过情绪失常儿童后发表报告称,自我监督能改善这些孩子在阅读、数学和拼写方面的学习表现。

Here, the strong academic traditions of figurative art gave him and other painters of his generation a sol-id basis on which to formulate a recognized way of working.
在那里,强大的学院派人物画传统,给予他以及同时期的其他艺术家形成一套被认可的表达方式所需要的扎实的基矗

RDesk, which comes with a host of academic-research tools, costs $26.95.
RDesk 浏览器(附带多个搜索工具)的格为 26.95美元。

That's not just academic information. The whole Bering Sea ecosystem is dependant on the wellbeing of the seals and other marine mammals.
这不仅仅是理论上的信息,整个白令海生态系统取决于海豹和其它海洋生物的生存。

学术的 Academic

spsc-82111503
Academic or scientific article writing
学术和科学文章写作

F71
Moderate mental retardation
Approximate IQ range of 35 to 49 (in adults, mental age from 6 to under 9 years). Likely
to result in marked developmental delays in childhood but most can learn to develop some
degree of independence in self-care and acquire adequate communication and academic
skills. Adults will need varying degrees of support to live and work in the community .
Includes: moderate mental subnormality
中度智能不足
智力测验智商范围大约在 35 至 49 之间 ( 成人的心智年
龄自 6 岁至 9 岁以下 ) 似乎会造成儿童时期明显的发
展迟滞 , 但是大部份可以在自我照顾方面达到某种
独立程度 , 并获得人际沟通及学业成就之适当发展
。长大後需要某种程度的支援 , 才能在社区中生活
和工作。
包含 : 中度智能低下


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