英语学习词典
  

absorb

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absorb [ əb'sɔ:b] vt.吸收;使专心

be absorbed in 专心致力于…

be absorbed in 专心于

be absorbed in
专心于

absorb [əb'sɔ:b] vt 吸收,使专心于

吸收游资 absorb idle fund

absorbed into stock
列为存仓物品

Energy absorbing foam 吸能泡沫塑料

吸波材料
absorbing material

吸收钳
absorbing clamp

History is a subject that absorbs her.
历史是一门使她全身心投入的课程。

This material absorbs water.
这种材料能吸水。

The artist was so absorbed in her work that she didn't hear her visitor enter the room.
这位艺术家聚精会神于自己的工作,以至于没有听到来访者进了房间。

Time passes quickly when you are absorbed in reading a good book.
当你全神贯注阅读一本好书时,时间会过得很快。

So many new ideas! It is too much for me to absorb all at once.
这么多新想法! 我一下子还接受不了呢。

We closed our offices at 2:00 p.m. to give employees time to absorb the bad news.
我们下午两点就下班了, 让雇员们有时间去思考这个坏消息。

They get so absorbed that they don’t realize how much they're exerting themselves.
他们太专心致志了,以至未认识到自己是多么努力。

Although these molecules allow radiation at visible at wave lengths, where most of the energy of sunlight is concentrated, to pass through, they absorb some of the longer-wavelength, infrared emission radiated from the Earth,s surface, radiation that would otherwise be transmitted back into space.
尽管这些分子能够透过可见光,阳光的大部分热量-都集中在这个波段,但是它们吸收长波,从地表来的红外辐射,或者将有些辐射折射回空中。

Absorbed dose 吸收剂量

Absorbed dose rate 吸收剂量率

@@@ 致力
be absorbed in 全神贯注于...; 专心致力于...
committed to 献身于, 致力于
concentrate on 集中于; 全神贯注于
concentration on 注意力集中于
dedicate to 献身于...; 把...用在...
devote to 献身于; 致力于; 为...付出(时间、精力等)
give over to 致力于, 献身于
work at 从事于, 致力于

并吞 merge; annex; swallow up; absorb

潮解 [cháo jiě] /(chem.)/deliquesce (absorb water from the air and dissolve)/deliquescense/

摄 [shè] /assist/collect/absorb/

摄取 [shè qǔ] /absorb (nutrition)/take a photo/

吸 [xī] /to breathe/to suck in/to absorb/to inhale/

吸取 [xī qǔ] /to absorb/to draw [a lesson or an insight]/to assimilate/

吸收 [xī shōu] /absorb/assimilate/

吸音 [xī yīn] /sound-absorbing/

只顾 [zhǐ gù] /(adv) be focused on; be absorbed in/(adv) simply; just; merely/

{adj: absorbable} capable of being absorbed or taken in through the pores of a surface
<-> adsorbable

{adj: absorbed} retained without reflection
"the absorbed light intensity"

{adj: absorbed} taken in through the pores of a surface
"the absorbed water expanded the sponge"

{adj: absorbent, absorptive} having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up something (liquids or energy etc.)
"as absorbent as a sponge"
<-> nonabsorbent

{adj: absorbing, engrossing, fascinating, gripping, riveting} capable of arousing and holding the attention
"a fascinating story"

{adj: all} completely given to or absorbed by
"became all attention"

{adj: assimilable} able to be absorbed and incorporated into body tissues

{adj: assimilative} capable of mentally absorbing
"assimilative processes", "assimilative capacity of the human mind"

{adj: backed} used of film that is coated on the side opposite the emulsion with a substance to absorb light

{adj: bemused, deep in thought, lost, preoccupied} deeply absorbed in thought
"as distant and bemused as a professor listening to the prattling of his freshman class"
"lost in thought"
"a preoccupied frown"

{adj: candied, crystalized, crystalised, glace} (used especially of fruits) preserved by coating with or allowing to absorb sugar

{adj: captive, absorbed, engrossed, enwrapped, intent, wrapped} giving or marked by complete attention to
"that engrossed look or rapt delight"
"then wrapped in dreams"
"so intent on this fantastic...narrative that she hardly stirred"- Walter de la Mare
"rapt with wonder"
"wrapped in thought"

{adj: decalescent} absorbing heat without increase in temperature when heated beyond a certain point
"the decalescent point of steel"

{adj: deliquescent} (especially of certain salts) becoming liquid by absorbing moisture from the air

{adj: endoergic, energy-absorbing} (of a nuclear reaction) occurring with absorption of energy
<-> exoergic

{adj: endothermic, endothermal, heat-absorbing} (of a chemical reaction or compound) occurring or formed with absorption of heat
<-> exothermic

{adj: hydrophobic} lacking affinity for water; tending to repel and not absorb water; tending not to dissolve in or mix with or be wetted by water
<-> hydrophilic

{adj: hygroscopic} absorbing moisture (as from the air)

{adj: nonabsorbent, nonabsorptive} not capable of absorbing or soaking up (liquids)
<-> absorbent

{adj: porous} able to absorb fluids
"the partly porous walls of our digestive system"
"compacting the soil to make it less porous"

{adj: receptive} able to absorb liquid (not repellent)
"the paper is ink-receptive"

{adj: repellent, resistant} incapable of absorbing or mixing with
"a water-repellent fabric"
"plastic highly resistant to steam and water"

{adj: self-absorbed, self-involved} absorbed in your own interests or thoughts etc

{adj: settled} established in a desired position or place; not moving about
"nomads...absorbed among the settled people"
"settled areas"
"I don't feel entirely settled here"
"the advent of settled civilization"
<-> unsettled

{adj: shock-absorbent} having the capacity to absorb the energy of an impact
"the material absorbs shock and is used for shock-absorbent insoles"

{adj: spongy, spongelike} like a sponge in being able to absorb liquids and yield it back when compressed

{adj: undigested} not thought over and arranged systematically in the mind; not absorbed or assimilated mentally
"an undigested mass of facts gathered at random"

{adv: harmoniously} in a harmonious manner
"the problem of absorbing immigrants harmoniously into British society is as important to the immigrants as to the British"

{n: Bithynia} an ancient country in northwestern Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; was absorbed into the Roman Empire by the end of the 1st century BC

{n: Henry's law} (chemistry) law formulated by the English chemist William Henry; the amount of a gas that will be absorbed by water increases as the gas pressure increases

{n: Henry, William Henry} English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836)

{n: Kitty Litter} granulated clay; placed in a container where it absorbs the waste products of a cat or dog

{n: Planck's law} (physics) the basis of quantum theory; the energy of electromagnetic waves is contained in indivisible quanta that have to be radiated or absorbed as a whole; the magnitude is proportional to frequency where the constant of proportionality is give by Planck's constant

{n: Plymouth Colony} colony formed by the Pilgrims when they arrived at Plymouth Rock in 1620; it was absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691

{n: Tampax} tampon used to absorb menstrual flow

{n: absorbate} a material that has been or is capable of being absorbed

{n: absorbent material, absorbent} a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance

{n: absorber} (physics) material in a nuclear reactor that absorbs radiation

{n: absorption coefficient, coefficient of absorption, absorptance} a measure of the rate of decrease in the intensity of electromagnetic radiation (as light) as it passes through a given substance; the fraction of incident radiant energy absorbed per unit mass or thickness of an absorber
"absorptance equals 1 minus transmittance"

{n: absorption spectrum} the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation that has passed through a medium that absorbed radiation of certain wavelengths

{n: absorptivity, absorption factor} (physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body

{n: air cushion, air spring} a mechanical device using confined air to absorb the shock of motion

{n: assimilation, absorption} the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion

{n: assimilation, absorption} the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another

{n: black body, blackbody, full radiator} a hypothetical object capable of absorbing all the electromagnetic radiation falling on it
"a black body maintained at a constant temperature is a full radiator at that temperature because the radiation reaching and leaving it must be in equilibrium"

{n: bumper} a mechanical device consisting of bars at either end of a vehicle to absorb shock and prevent serious damage

{n: carbon dioxide, CO2, carbonic acid gas} a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis

{n: carbon monoxide poisoning} a toxic condition that results from inhaling and absorbing carbon monoxide gas
"carbon monoxide combines with hemoglobin and displaces oxygen in the blood"

{n: coral root} a wildflower of the genus Corallorhiza growing from a hard mass of rhizomes associated with a fungus that aids in absorbing nutrients from the forest floor

{n: dark matter} (cosmology) a hypothetical form of matter that is believed to make up 90 percent of the matter in the universe; it is invisible (does not absorb or emit light) and does not collide with atomic particles but exerts gravitational force

{n: desiccant, drying agent, drier, sicative} a substance that promotes drying (e.g., calcium oxide absorbs water and is used to remove moisture)

{n: digestion} the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body

{n: dose rate} the quantity of radiation absorbed per unit time

{n: dose, dosage} the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time

{n: dynamite} an explosive containing nitrate sensitized with nitroglycerin absorbed on wood pulp

{n: enterotoxemia} a disease of cattle and sheep that is attributed to toxins absorbed from the intestines

{n: estradiol patch} a transdermal patch that allows estradiol to be absorbed into the blood stream; used in treating estrogen deficiency and in hormone replacement therapy

{n: exotherm} a compound that gives off heat during its formation and absorbs heat during its decomposition

{n: fluorescein, fluoresceine, fluorescent dye, resorcinolphthalein} a yellow dye that is visible even when highly diluted; used as an absorption indicator when silver nitrate solution is added to sodium chloride in order to precipitate silver chloride (turns pink when no chloride ions are left in solution and negative fluorescein ions are then absorbed)

{n: gelignite, gelly} a type of dynamite in which the nitroglycerin is absorbed in a base of wood pulp and sodium or potassium nitrate

{n: greenhouse effect, greenhouse warming} warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the atmosphere; caused by atmospheric gases that allow sunshine to pass through but absorb heat that is radiated back from the warmed surface of the earth

{n: greenhouse gas, greenhouse emission} a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation

{n: heat of formation} the heat evolved or absorbed during the formation of one mole of a substance from its component elements

{n: heat of fusion} heat absorbed by a unit mass of a solid at its melting point in order to convert the solid into a liquid at the same temperature
"the heat of fusion is equal to the heat of solidification"

{n: heat of solution} the heat evolved or absorbed when one mole of a substance is dissolved in a large volume of a solvent

{n: heat of sublimation} heat absorbed by a unit mass of material when it changes from a solid to a gaseous state

{n: heat of vaporization, heat of vaporisation} heat absorbed by a unit mass of a material at its boiling point in order to convert the material into a gas at the same temperature

{n: hydrophobicity} the property of being water-repellent; tending to repel and not absorb water

{n: individuality, individualism, individuation} the quality of being individual
"so absorbed by the movement that she lost all sense of individuality"
<-> commonality

{n: latent heat, heat of transformation} heat absorbed or radiated during a change of phase at a constant temperature and pressure

{n: lipase} an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream

{n: lithograph, lithograph machine} duplicator that prints by lithography; a flat surface (of stone or metal) is treated to absorb or repel ink in the desired pattern

{n: malnutrition} a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods

{n: nerve gas, nerve agent} a toxic gas that is inhaled or absorbed through the skin and has harmful effects on the nervous and respiratory system

{n: nitrogen cycle} the circulation of nitrogen; nitrates from the soil are absorbed by plants which are eaten by animals that die and decay returning the nitrogen back to the soil

{n: photoconductivity, photoconduction} change in the electrical conductivity of a substance as a result of absorbing electromagnetic radiation

{n: porosity, porousness} the property of being porous; being able to absorb fluids
<-> solidity

{n: propylene glycol, propanediol} a sweet colorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid used as an antifreeze and in brake fluid and also as a humectant in cosmetics and personal care items although it can be absorbed through the skin with harmful effects

{n: rad} a unit of absorbed ionizing radiation equal to 100 ergs per gram of irradiated material

{n: respiration, internal respiration, cellular respiration} the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs

{n: root hair} thin hairlike outgrowth of an epidermal cell just behind the tip; absorbs nutrients from the soil

{n: root} (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground

{n: running suit} a matching jacket and pants worn by joggers and made of fabric that absorbs perspiration

{n: sabin} a unit of acoustic absorption equivalent to the absorption by a square foot of a surface that absorbs all incident sound

{n: salol, phenyl salicylate} a white powder with a pleasant taste and odor; used to absorb light in sun tan lotions or as a preservative or an antiseptic or a coating for pills in which the medicine is intended for enteric release

{n: sanitary napkin, Kotex} a disposable absorbent pad (trade name Kotex); worn to absorb menstrual flow

{n: saturated fatty acid} a fatty acid whose carbon chain cannot absorb any more hydrogen atoms; found chiefly in animal fats

{n: scintillation} (physics) a flash of light that is produced in a phosphor when it absorbs a photon or ionizing particle

{n: shock absorber, shock, cushion} a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses
"the old car needed a new set of shocks"

{n: sink} (technology) a process that acts to absorb or remove energy or a substance from a system
"the ocean is a sink for carbon dioxide"
<-> source

{n: soda lime} a mixture of sodium and calcium hydroxides; absorbs liquids and gases

{n: solar house} a house designed to use solar radiation for heating; usually has large areas of glass in front of heat-absorbing materials

{n: soman, GD} a nerve agent easily absorbed into the body; a lethal cholinesterase inhibitor that is highly toxic when inhaled

{n: sponge} a porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used

{n: sprue, tropical sprue} a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation

{n: sweatband} a band of material tied around the forehead or wrist to absorb sweat

{n: talcum, talcum powder} a toilet powder made of purified talc and usually scented; absorbs excess moisture

{n: tampon} plug of cotton or other absorbent material; inserted into wound or body cavity to absorb exuded fluids (especially blood)

{n: temper, toughness} the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking

{n: thermochemistry} the branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed or generated

{n: unsaturated fatty acid} a fatty acid whose carbon chain can absorb additional hydrogen atoms

{n: worldling} a person absorbed by the concerns and interests and pleasures of the present world

{v: absorb, assimilate, ingest, take in} take up mentally
"he absorbed the knowledge or beliefs of his tribe"

{v: absorb, engross, engage, occupy} engage or engross wholly
"Her interest in butterflies absorbs her completely"

{v: absorb, suck, imbibe, soak up, sop up, suck up, draw, take in, take up} take in, also metaphorically
"The sponge absorbs water well"
"She drew strength from the minister's words"

{v: absorb, take in} suck or take up or in
"A black star absorbs all matter"
<-> emit

{v: absorb, take over} take up, as of debts or payments
"absorb the costs for something"

{v: absorb} assimilate or take in
"The immigrants were quickly absorbed into society"

{v: absorb} become imbued
"The liquids, light, and gases absorb"

{v: absorb} cause to become one with
"The sales tax is absorbed into the state income tax"

{v: breathe} reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked
"This rare Bordeaux must be allowed to breathe for at least 2 hours"

{v: emit, give out, give off} give off, send forth, or discharge ; as of light, heat, or radiation, vapor, etc.
"The ozone layer blocks some harmful rays which the sun emits"
<-> absorb

{v: pack} treat the body or any part of it by wrapping it, as with blankets or sheets, and applying compresses to it, or stuffing it to provide cover, containment, or therapy, or to absorb blood
"The nurse packed gauze in the wound"
"You had better pack your swollen ankle with ice"

{v: sponge up} absorb as if with a sponge
"sponge up the spilled milk on the coounter"

{v: steep, immerse, engulf, plunge, engross, absorb, soak up} engross (oneself) fully
"He immersed himself into his studies"

{v: unbend} release from mental strain, tension, or formality
"unbend the mind from absorbing too much information"

Guldan explains: " Although one study found that Chinese children absorb higher levels of calcium than those in the West, a lack of regular physical activity slows down the rate of bone building as compared to breaking down----two_ processes simultaneously occurring in our bones throughout life. "
古尔丹解释道: "虽然有一项研究发现中国的孩子比西方的孩子吸收的钙多,但由于缺乏经常性的体育活动,骨形成的速度比骨分解来得缓慢-骨形成和骨分解是在骨中同时进行的两个动态过程,贯穿我们生命的始终。 "

Carmen's sharp young mind, hungry for knowledge, absorbed Zoe's teaching like a sponge.
卡门年轻敏锐的头脑对知识如饥似渴,像海绵似地吸收佐伊传授的知识。

You probably already know that black absorbs the most heat, while white reflects the most.
你或许已经知道黑色物体吸收的热量最多,而白色物体反射的热量最多。

These passive " computers " will be activated as they pass sensors and will be able to both emit and absorb information.
这些被动的计算通过传感器时被激活,能够发送和接收信息。

These phones might also absorb many of the key functions of the desktop computer.
这种手机也许还会吸收桌面电脑的许多主要功能。

In Britain there's a new product called " X-Fat " that is derived from shellfish and allegedly keeps fat from being absorbed by the body.
英国有一种新产品叫做 X-Fat 。据说,这种提炼自水生贝壳动物的产品可以防止人体吸收脂肪。

The vitamin not only helps the body absorb calcium, but it's now thought to play a critical role in bone repair.
维生素 D 不光帮助人体吸收钙,而且现在被认为在骨骼的修复方面起着重要的作用。

As she put it in The Common Reader. "It is safe to say that not a single law has been framed or one stone set upon another because of anything Chaucer said or wrote; and yet, as we read him, we are absorbing morality at every pore."
正如她在《普通读者》(The Common Reader)中所表述的那样:“可以满有把握地说,迄今为止还不曾因为乔叟说了什么或写了什么而导致一项法律被制定出来,或高楼大厦被建造起来;然则,一旦我们阅读他的作品,我们就会全身心地汲取道德影响。”

Although these molecules allow radiation at visible wavelengths, where most of the energy of sunlight is concentrated, to pass through, they absorb some of the longer-wavelength, infrared emissions radiated from the Earth's surface, radiation that would otherwise be transmitted back into space.
虽然这些分子允许可见波长(visible wavelength)的辐射——阳光的绝大部分能量就汇集于此——不受阻挡地穿透,但它们却会吸收某些较长波长(longer-wavelength),亦即从地球表面辐射出的红外发射(infrared cmission),这种辐射若不是二氧化碳的缘故就会被重新输送回太空。

An increase in the amount of carbon dioxide means that there are more molecules of carbon dioxide to absorb infrared radiation.
二氧化碳数量的增加,即意味着有更多的二氧化碳分子去吸收红外辐射。

As the capacity of the atmosphere to absorb infrared radiation increases, the radiating level and the temperature of the surface must rise.
随着大气吸收二氧化碳能力的增加,辐射层以及地球表面温度必然会上升。

Therefore, more infrared radiation would be absorbed and radiated back to the Earth's surface.
因此,更多的红外辐射会被吸收,并重新被辐射至地球表面。

More solar radiation would then be absorbed, leading to a further increase in temperature.
这样,更多的太阳辐射将被吸收,导致温度的进一步增高。

When the Spanish first came to Mexico, they intermarried with and absorbed the culture of the indigenous Indians.
当西班牙人最初来到墨西哥时,他们与土著印地安人实行内部通婚,从而吸收了这些土著印地安人的文化。

And the discoveries of the social sciences, once isolated and labeled, are quickly absorbed into conventional wisdom, whereupon they lose their distinctiveness as scientific advances.
此外,社会科学的发现,一旦被分离开来并被贴上标签予以归类,很快就被吸收到传统智慧中,这样一来,它们便失去其作为科学进行的独特性。

Nevelson would be the first to admit that she has been influenced by all of these, as well as by African sculpture, and by Native American and pre-Columbian art, but she has absorbed all these influences and still created a distinctive art that expresses the urban landscape and the aesthetic sensibility of the twentieth century.
奈维尔森就是第一个站出来承认她受到了所有这些的影响,并且还受到非洲雕塑,以及土著美洲人和前哥伦布艺术的影响,但她将所有这些影响予以吸收融合,依然得以创造出一种独特的艺术,表现都市风景以及二十世纪的审美旨趣。

By 1832 feminism was the central concern of Saint-Simonianism and entirely absorbed its adherents' energy; hence, by ignoring its feminism, European historians have misunderstood Saint-Simonianism.
至1832年为止,女权主义已成为圣—西门学说的焦点所在,并彻底吸引了其追随者的全部精力。

吸油纸 oil-Absorbing Sheets

HS70031200
Cast gls sheets non-wired coloured etc havng absorb/reflectng layer
铸或轧制整块着色等加工的非夹丝玻璃板、片

HS70042000
Drawn glass sheets, coloured etc having absorbing/reflecting layer
拉制或吹制的整块着色等加工的玻璃板、片

HS7005
Float glass and surface ground or p olished glass, in sheets, whether or not having an absorb
浮法玻璃板、片及表面研磨或抛光玻璃板、片

spsc-44102905
Small paper bags of wet absorbing salts
吸潮用纸质小盐袋

红外吸收/反射滤光镜 Infrared Absorbing/Reflecting Filters

紫外吸收滤光镜 Ultraviolet Absorbing Filters

absorbing power 吸收能力,吸收本领

absorbed dose 吸收剂量

absorbed current image 吸收电流象

absorptivity of an absorbing 吸引材料的吸收率


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