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Species

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species [ 'spi:ʃi:z] n.种,物种;种类

灭绝的物种 extinct species

物种起源 origin of species

珍稀濒危植物 rare or endangered species

coniferous species 针叶树种

Deciduous species 阔叶树种

The human species, according to the best theory I can form of it, is composed of two distinct races, the man who borrows, and the man who lends.
Charles Lamb, British essayist
按照我所能归纳的最好理论,人类是由两个截然不同的种族构成的,即借方与出借方。
英国散文家兰姆,C.

Hope is itself a species of happiness which this world affords.
Samuel Johnson. British writer.
希望本身是一种幸福,也许是这个世界能提供的主要的幸福。
英国作家约翰逊.S.

species n. 种,类,外形

@@@ 来临
between life and death 濒临死亡
endangered species 濒临灭绝的物种
fall on 落在...上; 降临在...身上
threaten to 威胁; 预示...可能来临
usher in 引进; 开创; 宣告...的来临

濒危 [bīn wēi] /endangered (species)/to be in imminent danger/to be critically ill/

槟子 [bīn zi ] /binzi/a species of apple which is slightly sour and astringent/

禽类 [qín lèi] /bird species/birds/

筇 [qióng] /species of bamboo/

物种 [wù zhǒng] /species/

种 [zhǒng] /kind/type/race/breed/seed/species (taxonomy)/

种类 [zhǒng lèi] /kind/genus/type/category/variety/species/sort/class/

For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. Strangely, it has involved little physical change.
对我们来说,这意味着进化已经结束;生物学上的乌托邦已经降临。奇怪的是,这一过程几乎丝毫没有牵涉到身体上的变化,
No other species fills so many places in nature.
没有其他物种充斥着自然中如此多的空间。

Thus forgetting seems to serve the survival of the individual and the species.
因此遗忘似乎有助于个体及物种的存活。

{adj: allied} related by common characteristics or ancestry
"allied species"
"allied studies"

{adj: allogeneic} denoting or relating to cells or tissues from individuals belonging to the same species but genetically dissimilar (and hence immunologically incompatible)
<-> xenogeneic

{adj: allopatric} (of biological species or speciation) occurring in areas isolated geographically from one another
<-> sympatric

{adj: bigeneric} resulting from a cross between species of different genera

{adj: bipolar} of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions
"the bipolar distribution of certain species"

{adj: common, vernacular, vulgar} being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language
"common parlance"
"a vernacular term"
"vernacular speakers"
"the vulgar tongue of the masses"
"the technical and vulgar names for an animal species"

{adj: conspecific} belonging to the same species
"cultivated cabbage and wild cabbage are conspecific"

{adj: differentiable} capable of being perceived as different
"differentiable species"

{adj: distinguishing, identifying} serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
"the distinguishing mark of the species is its plumage"
"distinctive tribal tattoos"
"we were asked to describe any identifying marks or distinguishing features"

{adj: endangered} (of flora or fauna) in imminent danger of extinction
"an endangered species"

{adj: endemic} native to or confined to a certain region
"the islands have a number of interesting endemic species"
<-> cosmopolitan

{adj: extinct, nonextant} no longer in existence; lost or especially having died out leaving no living representatives
"an extinct species of fish"
"an extinct royal family"
"extinct laws and customs"
<-> extant

{adj: generative, procreative, reproductive} producing new life or offspring
"the reproductive potential of a species is its relative capacity to reproduce itself under optimal conditions"
"the reproductive or generative organs"

{adj: gregarious} (of animals) tending to form a group with others of the same species
"gregarious bird species"
<-> ungregarious

{adj: heteroecious} of parasites; passing through different stages of the life cycle on different host species
"heteroecious fungi"
"heteroecious insects"
<-> autoecious

{adj: heterologous} derived from organisms of a different but related species
"a heterologous graft"
<-> autologous, homologous

{adj: hominal} of humankind as a species
"the hominal kingdom"

{adj: hominian, hominid} characterizing the family Hominidae, which includes Homo sapiens as well as extinct species of manlike creatures

{adj: homologous} corresponding or similar in position or structure or function or characteristics; especially derived from an organism of the same species
"a homologous tissue graft"
<-> heterologous, autologous

{adj: human-centered, human-centred, humanist, humanistic, humanitarian} marked by humanistic values and devotion to human welfare
"a humane physician"
"released the prisoner for humanitarian reasons"
"respect and humanistic regard for all members of our species"

{adj: immutable, changeless} not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature
"the view of that time was that all species were immutable, created by God"
<-> mutable

{adj: indeterminate} not capable of being determined
"the indeterminate number of plant species in the jungle"

{adj: interspecies, interspecific} arising or occurring between species
"an interspecific hybrid"
<-> intraspecies

{adj: intraspecies, intraspecific} arising or occurring within a species; involving the members of one species
"intraspecific competition"
<-> interspecies

{adj: iodinating} combining or causing to combine with iodine
"the active iodinating species"
"the in vivo iodinating mechanism"
<-> de-iodinating

{adj: nonterritorial} not displaying territoriality
"a nonterritorial species"
<-> territorial

{adj: on the alert, on the job} watchful and prepared for action
"bird watchers on the alert for a rare species"
"cops were on the job and caught them red-handed"

{adj: one} of the same kind or quality
"two animals of one species"

{adj: polymorphic, polymorphous} relating to the occurrence of more than one kind of individual (independent of sexual differences) in an interbreeding population
"a polymorphic species"

{adj: polyploid} of a cell or organism having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
"a polyploid cell"
"a polyploid species"
<-> haploid, diploid

{adj: precocious} appearing or developing early
"precocious flowers appear before the leaves as in some species of magnolias"

{adj: same} closely similar or comparable in kind or quality or quantity or degree
"curtains the same color as the walls"
"two girls of the same age"
"mother and son have the same blue eyes"
"animals of the same species"
"the same rules as before"
"two boxes having the same dimensions"
"the same day next year"
<-> different

{adj: specific} relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species
"specific characters"

{adj: symbiotic} used of organisms (especially of different species) living together but not necessarily in a relation beneficial to each

{adj: sympatric} (of biological species or speciation) occurring in the same or overlapping geographical areas
<-> allopatric

{adj: threatened} (of flora or fauna) likely in the near future to become endangered
"the spotted owl is a threatened species, not yet an endangered one"

{adj: undetermined} not yet having been ascertained or determined
"of undetermined species"
<-> determined

{adj: unidentified} not yet identified
"an unidentified species"
"an unidentified witness"

{adj: unique} (followed by `to') applying exclusively to a given category or condition or locality
"a species unique to Australia"

{adj: xenogeneic} denoting or relating to cells or tissues from individuals belonging to different species
<-> allogeneic

{n: Acroclinium, genus Acroclinium} genus of herbs and shrubs of Australia and South Africa: everlasting flower; most species usually placed in genus Helipterum

{n: Adenium, genus Adenium} one species: succulent shrub or tree of tropical Africa and Arabia

{n: Adlumia, genus Adlumia} one species: climbing fumitory

{n: Aerobacter aerogenes} a species of Gram-negative aerobic bacteria that produce gas and acid from sugars and are sometimes involved in the souring of milk

{n: Agaricus, genus Agaricus} type genus of Agaricaceae; gill fungi having brown spores and including several edible species

{n: Agdestis, genus Agdestis} a genus with one species that is a rapidly growing climbing vine with tuberous roots; grown in hot climates

{n: Aldrovanda, genus Aldrovanda} one species: waterwheel plant

{n: Alismatidae, subclass Alismatidae} one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises about 500 species in 14 families of aquatic and semiaquatic herbs

{n: Alopecurus, genus Alopecurus} annual or perennial grasses including decorative and meadow species as well as notorious agricultural weeds

{n: Amazon ant, Polyergus rufescens} small reddish slave-making ant species

{n: Amianthum, genus Amianthum} one species: fly poison; sometimes placed in family Melanthiaceae

{n: Anadenanthera, genus Anadenanthera} 2 species of tropical American shrubs or trees

{n: Anastatica, genus Anastatica} one species: rose of Jericho; resurrection plant

{n: Anemonella, genus Anemonella} one species: rue anemone

{n: Anemopsis, genus Anemopsis} one species: yerba mansa

{n: Antilocapra, genus Antilocapra} type and sole genus of the Antilocapridae comprising one species

{n: Apalachicola rosemary, Conradina glabra} small shrub of Apalachicola River area in southeastern United States having highly aromatic pinkish flowers; a threatened species

{n: Aphyllanthes, genus Aphyllanthes} one species; small fibrous-rooted perennial with rushlike foliage and deep blue flowers; sometimes placed in its own family Aphyllanthaceae

{n: Arecidae, subclass Arecidae} one of four subclasses or superorder of Monocotyledones; comprises about 6400 species in 5 families of trees and shrubs and terrestrial herbs and a few free-floating aquatics including: Palmae; Araceae; Pandanaceae and Lemnaceae

{n: Ascaphidae, family Ascaphidae} family of one species of frog: tailed frog

{n: Astreus hygrometricus} a common species of earthstar widely distributed in sandy soil; the gleba is a pale tan

{n: Austrocedrus, genus Austrocedrus} one species; formerly included in genus Libocedrus

{n: Austrotaxus, genus Austrotaxus} a gymnosperm genus having one species: New Caledonian yew

{n: Bacillus anthracis, anthrax bacillus} a species of bacillus that causes anthrax in humans and in animals (cattle and swine and sheep and rabbits and mice and guinea pigs); can be used a bioweapon

{n: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus globigii, grass bacillus, hay bacillus} a species of bacillus found in soil and decomposing organic matter; some strains produce antibiotics

{n: Bignonia, genus Bignonia} one species: cross vine

{n: Blandfordia, genus Blandfordia} small species of tuberous Australian perennial herbs

{n: Boskop man} possible early Homo sapiens represented by a cranium found in the Transvaal; formerly considered a separate species

{n: Bruckenthalia, genus Bruckenthalia} one species: spike heath

{n: Callistephus, genus Callistephus} one species: erect Asiatic herb with large flowers

{n: Calluna, genus Calluna} one species

{n: Calymmatobacterium granulomatis} the species of bacteria that causes granuloma inguinale

{n: Calymmatobacterium, genus Calymmatobacterium} a genus of bacterial rods containing only the one species that causes granuloma inguinale

{n: Carnegiea, genus Carnegiea} caryophylloid dicot genus with only one species: saguaro

{n: Castanospermum, genus Castanospermum} a rosid dicot genus of the subfamily Papilionoideae having one species: Moreton Bay chestnut

{n: Cephalotus, genus Cephalotus} one species: Australian pitcher plant

{n: Cercidiphyllum, genus Cercidiphyllum} one species: katsura tree

{n: Chamaecrista, genus Chamaecrista} genus of tropical herbs or subshrubs having sensitive leaves and suddenly dehiscing pods; some species placed in genus Cassia

{n: Chamaedaphne, genus Chamaedaphne} one species: leatherleaf

{n: Chelidonium, genus Chelidonium} one species: greater celandine

{n: Chilean rimu, Lepidothamnus fonkii} about the hardiest Podocarpaceae species; prostrate spreading shrub similar to mountain rimu; mountains of southern Chile

{n: Chilopsis, genus Chilopsis} one species: desert willow

{n: Chordospartium, genus Chordospartium} 2 species of small New Zealand trees: weeping tree broom; endangered

{n: Chrysolepis, genus Chrysolepis} two species: golden chinkapins

{n: Cliftonia, genus Cliftonia} one species: titi

{n: Cnicus, genus Cnicus} one species: blessed thistle

{n: Colubridae, family Colubridae} nonvenomous snakes; about two-thirds of all living species

{n: Commelinidae, subclass Commelinidae} one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises about 19,000 species in 25 families of mostly terrestrial herbs especially of moist places including: Cyperaceae; Gramineae; Bromeliaceae; and Zingiberaceae

{n: Comptonia, genus Comptonia} one species: sweet fern

{n: Corticium, genus Corticium} genus of fungi having simple smooth sporophores; some are parasitic on wood or economic crops; some species formerly placed in form genus Rhizoctinia

{n: Corynebacterium diphtheriae, C. diphtheriae, Klebs-Loeffler bacillus} a species of bacterium that causes diphtheria

{n: Cypripedium, genus Cypripedium} genus of chiefly American perennial leafy-stemmed orchids: lady's slippers; sometimes includes species of genus Paphiopedilum

{n: Dactylis, genus Dactylis} a monocotyledonous grass of the family Gramineae (has only one species)

{n: Darlingtonia, genus Darlingtonia} one species: California pitcher plant

{n: Darmera, genus Darmera, Peltiphyllum, genus Peltiphyllum} one species

{n: Darwinism} a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection

{n: Delairea, genus Delairea} one species: German ivy

{n: Dendromecon, genus Dendromecon} one species: bush poppy

{n: Deparia, genus Deparia} classification used for 5 species of terrestrial ferns usually placed in other genera

{n: Diacalpa, genus Diacalpa} one species: delicate fern of foothills of Himalayas

{n: Diceros, genus Diceros} most common species in Africa

{n: Dipogon, genus Dipogon} one species: Australian pea

{n: Dracula, genus Dracula} comprises tropical American species usually placed in genus Masdevallia: diminutive plants having bizarre and often sinister-looking flowers with pendulous scapes and motile lips

{n: Drosophyllum, genus Drosophyllum} one species

{n: Dryadella, genus Dryadella} comprises tropical American species usually placed in genus Masdevallia: very dwarf plants having short tufted and usually unifoliate stems with usually solitary flowers

{n: Emmanthe, genus Emmanthe} one species: yellow bells

{n: Escherichia coli, E. coli} a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety

{n: Francisella tularensis} the type species of the genus Francisella and the causal agent of tularemia in humans; can be used as a bioweapon

{n: Frasera, genus Frasera} genus of North American herbs: columbo; includes some species sometimes placed in genus Swertia

{n: Gastrocybe lateritia} a species of Gastrocybe fungus that has a conic cap and a thin stalk; at first the stalk is upright but as it matures the stalk bends over and then downward; the cap then gelatinizes and a slimy mass containing the spores falls to the ground as the stalk collapses

{n: Ginkgoales, order Ginkgoales} coextensive with the family Ginkgoaceae: plants that first appeared in the Permian and now represented by a single surviving species; often included in Coniferales

{n: Greenpeace} an international organization that works for environmental conservation and the preservation of endangered species

{n: Guevina, genus Guevina} one species: Chilean nut

{n: Habenaria, genus Habenaria} chiefly terrestrial orchids with tubers or fleshy roots often having long slender spurs and petals and lip lobes; includes species formerly placed in genus Gymnadeniopsis

{n: Halimodendron, genus Halimodendron} one species: salt tree

{n: Haplopappus, genus Haplopappus} genus of North and South American perennial herbs or shrubs with yellow flowers; in some classifications include species placed in other genera especially Hazardia

{n: Harvey, William Harvey} English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)

{n: Heliobacter pylori, H. pylori} the type species of genus Heliobacter; produces urease and is associated with several gastroduodenal diseases (including gastritis and gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers and other peptic ulcers)

{n: Helipterum, genus Helipterum} genus of South African and Australian herbs or shrubs grown as everlastings; the various Helipterum species are currently in process of being assigned to other genera especially genera Pteropogon and Hyalosperma

{n: Helminthostachys, genus Helminthostachys} one species: terrestrial fern of southeastern Asia and Australia

{n: Helxine, genus Helxine, Soleirolia, genus Soleirolia} one species; a dwarf creeping mat-forming evergreen herb

{n: Heteromeles, genus Heteromeles} one species: toyon; in some classifications included in genus Photinia

{n: Hippocrepis, genus Hippocrepis} species of Old World herbs or subshrubs: horseshoe vetch

{n: Homo erectus} extinct species of primitive hominid with upright stature but small brain
"Homo erectus was formerly called Pithecanthropus erectus"

{n: Homo habilis} extinct species of upright East African hominid having some advanced humanlike characteristics

{n: Homo sapiens} the only surviving hominid; species to which modern man belongs; bipedal primate having language and ability to make and use complex tools; brain volume at least 1400 cc

{n: Houttuynia, genus Houttuynia} one species; east Asian low-growing plant of wet places

{n: Hugueninia, genus Hugueninia} one species: tansy-leaved rocket

{n: Hunnemannia, genus Hunnemania} one species: golden cup

{n: Illecebrum, genus Illecebrum} one species: coral necklace

{n: Insecta, class Insecta, Hexapoda, class Hexapoda} insects; about five-sixths of all known animal species

{n: Ixodes dammini, deer tick} a northeastern tick now recognized as same species as Ixodes scapularis

{n: Knowlton's cactus, Pediocactus knowltonii} small clustering cactus of southwestern United States; a threatened species

{n: Kolkwitzia, genus Kolkwitzia} Chinese genus of 1 species: beauty bush

{n: Lablab, genus Lablab} one species: hyacinth bean

{n: Laccopetalum, genus Laccopetalum} one species: giant buttercup

{n: Lactarius, genus Lactarius} large genus of agarics that have white spore and contain a white or milky juice when cut or broken; includes both edible and poisonous species

{n: Lanthanotus, genus Lanthanotus} one species

{n: Leiophyllum, genus Leiophyllum} one species: sand myrtle

{n: Leitneria, genus Leitneria} one species: corkwood

{n: Leptarrhena, genus Leptarrhena} one species: leatherleaf saxifrage

{n: Leycesteria, genus Leycesteria} small species of shrubs of western Himalayas to China

{n: Liliaceae, family Liliaceae, lily family} includes species sometimes divided among the following families: Alliaceae; Aloeaceae; Alstroemeriaceae; Aphyllanthaceae; Asparagaceae; Asphodelaceae; Colchicaceae; Convallariaceae; Hemerocallidaceae; Hostaceae; Hyacinthaceae; Melanthiaceae; Ruscaceae; Smilacaceae; Tecophilaeacea; Xanthorrhoeaceae

{n: Lindheimera, genus Lindheimera} one species: Texas star

{n: Linnaea, genus Linnaea} one species: twinflower

{n: Listeria monocytogenes, L. monocytogenes} the type species of the genus Listeria; can cause meningitis, encephalitis, septicemia, endocarditis, abortion, abscesses, listeriosis

{n: Loiseleuria, genus Loiseleuria} one species: alpine azalea

{n: Lonas, genus Lonas} one species: yellow ageratum

{n: Lophophora, genus Lophophora} two species of small cacti of northeastern Mexico and southwestern United States having rounded stems covered with jointed tubercles: mescal

{n: Lophosoria, genus Lophosoria} one species: tree fern of Central and South America

{n: Loranthus, genus Loranthus} type genus of the Loranthaceae: 1 species

{n: Loxoma, genus Loxoma} one species of terrestrial ferns of New Zealand

{n: Malosma, genus Malosma} one species; often included in the genus Rhus

{n: Mastotermes darwiniensis} Australian termite; sole living species of Mastotermes; called a living fossil; apparent missing link between cockroaches and termites

{n: Mead's milkweed, Asclepias meadii, Asclepia meadii} milkweed of central North America; a threatened species

{n: Menyanthes, genus Menyanthes} the type genus of the Menyanthaceae; one species: bogbeans

{n: Microstrobos, genus Microstrobos} 2 species of small evergreen shrubs of Australia and Tasmania

{n: Moneses, genus Moneses} one species: one-flowered wintergreen; sometimes included in genus Pyrola

{n: Muntingia, genus Muntingia} one species: Jamaican cherry; sometimes placed in family Flacourtiaceae

{n: Napaea, genus Napaea} one species: glade mallow

{n: Nerium, genus Nerium} one species: oleander

{n: Nuytsia, genus Nuytsia} one species

{n: Nyctaginia, genus Nyctaginia} a caryophyllaceous genus of the family Nyctaginaceae having only one species

{n: Ochroma, genus Ochroma} one species: balsa

{n: Old World yew, English yew, Taxus baccata} predominant yew in Europe; extraordinarily long-lived and slow growing; one of the oldest species in the world

{n: Olfersia, genus Olfersia} genus of fern having only one species

{n: Onoclea, genus Onoclea} one species: sensitive fern; in some classifications included in Polypodiaceae

{n: Oreopteris, genus Oreopteris} 3 species of ferns formerly included in genus Dryopteris or Thelypteris

{n: Orontium, genus Orontium} one species of aquatic plant: golden club

{n: Paphiopedilum, genus Paphiopedilum} horticulturally important genus of mainly terrestrial orchids including many hybrids; southeastern Asia and Indonesia to Philippines and Solomon Islands; Paphiopedilum species sometimes included in genus Cypripedium

{n: Parasitaxus, genus Parasitaxus} one species: parasite yew

{n: Parochetus, genus Parochetus} one species: shamrock pea

{n: Parrotia, genus Parrotia} one species: iron tree

{n: Parrotiopsis, genus Parrotiopsis} one species: deciduous tree of the Himalaya Mountains

{n: Passeriformes, order Passeriformes} largest order of birds comprising about half the known species; rooks; finches; sparrows; tits; warblers; robins; wrens; swallows; etc.; the four suborders are Eurylaimi and Tyranni and Menurae and Oscines or Passeres

{n: Pellicularia, genus Pellicularia} genus of fungi having the hymenium in the form of a crust; some species formerly placed in form genus Rhizoctinia

{n: Petteria, genus Petteria} one species: Dalmatian laburnum

{n: Phragmipedium, genus Phragmipedium} genus of tropical American orchid species often included in genus Cypripedium or Paphiopedilum and Selenipedium: lady slippers

{n: Pickeringia, genus Pickeringia} one species: chaparral pea

{n: Platystemon, genus Platystemon} one species: creamcups

{n: Poncirus, genus Poncirus} one species: trifoliate orange

{n: Pongamia, genus Pongamia} one species: Indian beech

{n: Prenanthes, genus Prenanthes} genus of North American and Asiatic perennial herbs having pinnatisect leaves small heads of drooping yellowish to purple flowers; sometimes includes species often placed in genus Nabalus

{n: Pseudolarix, genus Pseudolarix} one species: golden larch

{n: Pseudomonas pyocanea} a species of aerobic bacteria

{n: Pseudoryx, genus Pseudoryx} species of large cow-like mammals of Vietnam discovered by scientists in 1992

{n: Pseudotaxus, genus Pseudotaxus} one species

{n: Psophocarpus, genus Psophocarpus} species of tropical Asian and African climbing herbs

{n: Punicaceae, family Punicaceae} one species: pomegranates

{n: Pyxidanthera, genus Pyxidanthera} one species: pyxie; the eastern United States

{n: Radyera, genus Radyera} very small species of shrubs of southern hemisphere: bush hibiscus

{n: Raoulia, genus Raoulia} genus of low-growing mat-forming New Zealand plants; in some classifications includes species placed in genus Haastia

{n: Reticulitermes, genus Reticulitermes} includes species highly destructive to structures and living trees

{n: Rhincodontidae, family Rhincodontidae} small-toothed sharks comprising only one species

{n: Rhodosphaera, genus Rhodosphaera} one species; an Australian evergreen sumac

{n: Ricinus, genus Ricinus} a genus of herb having only one known species: castor-oil plant

{n: Romneya, genus Romneya} one species: matilija poppy

{n: Sanguinaria, genus Sanguinaria} one species: bloodroot

{n: Santa Cruz cypress, Cupressus abramsiana, Cupressus goveniana abramsiana} rare California cypress taller than but closely related to gowen cypress and sometimes considered the same species

{n: Sarcobatus, genus Sarcobatus} one species: greasewood

{n: Saxe-gothea, Saxegothea, genus Saxe-gothea, genus Saxegothea} one species: Prince Albert's yew

{n: Scaphosepalum, genus Scaphosepalum} comprises some tropical American species usually placed in genus Masdevallia: diminutive plants with small flowers carried on one scape

{n: Schaffneria, genus Schaffneria} one species

{n: Selenipedium, genus Selenipedium} genus of tall reedlike tropical American orchids; includes species with pods used locally as a substitute for vanilla

{n: Serenoa, genus Serenoa} one species: saw palmetto

{n: Serratia marcescens} the type species of the genus Serratia; a species found in water and soil and milk and foods and insects; can cause infections of the endocardium and blood and wounds and urinary tract and respiratory tract; has been tested as a bioweapon

{n: Sophora, genus Sophora} cosmopolitan genus of trees and shrubs having odd-pinnate leaves and showy flowers; some species placed in genus Podalyria

{n: Spartium, genus Spartium} one species: Spanish broom

{n: Stokesia, genus Stokesia} one species: stokes' aster

{n: Streptococcus anhemolyticus} a species of bacteria

{n: Streptosolen, genus Streptosolen} one species: marmalade bush

{n: Stylomecon, genus Stylomecon} one species: wind poppy

{n: Sundacarpus, genus Sundacarpus} one species

{n: Symbion pandora} only known species of Cycliophora; lives symbiotically attached to a lobster's lip by an adhesive disk and feeding by means of a hairy mouth ring; its complex life cycle includes asexual and sexual phases

{n: Symplocarpus, genus Symplocarpus} one species: skunk cabbage

{n: Teleostei, subclass Teleostei} large diverse group of bony fishes; includes most living species

{n: Texas snowbell, Texas snowbells, Styrax texana} styrax of southwestern United States; a threatened species

{n: Thujopsis, genus Thujopsis} one species; has close similarity to genus Thuja

{n: Tipuana, genus Tipuana} one species: South American tree: tipu tree

{n: Tolmiea, genus Tolmiea} one species: pickaback plant

{n: Trichodontidae, family Trichodontidae} two species of elongate compressed scaleless large-eyed fishes that live in sand or mud

{n: Tussilago, genus Tussilago} genus of low creeping yellow-flowered perennial herbs of north temperate regions: coltsfoots; in some classifications includes species often placed in other genera especially Homogyne and Petasites

{n: Vigna, genus Vigna} genus of vines or erect herbs having trifoliate leaves and yellowish or purplish flowers; of warm or tropical regions; most species often placed in genus Phaseolus

{n: Viminaria, genus Viminaria} one species: Australian leafless shrubs: swamp oak

{n: Wollemi pine} newly discovered (1994) pine thought to have been long extinct; Australia; genus and species names not yet assigned

{n: Xylomelum, genus Xylomelum} small species of Australian trees or shrubs; grown for their fruit and flowers

{n: Zannichelliaceae, family Zannichelliaceae} alternative classification for some genera included in Potamogetonaceae; one species

{n: agua, agua toad, Bufo marinus} largest known toad species; native to Central America; valuable destroyer of insect pests

{n: alligator snapping turtle, alligator snapper, Macroclemys temmincki} large species having three ridges on its back; found in southeastern United States

{n: amber lily, Anthericum torreyi} plant having basal grasslike leaves and a narrow open cluster of starlike yellowish-orange flowers atop a leafless stalk; southwestern United States; only species of Anthericum growing in North America

{n: angiopteris, giant fern, Angiopteris evecta} highly variable species of very large primitive ferns of the Pacific tropical areas with high rainfall

{n: animal communication} communication between animals (of the same species)

{n: association} (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species

{n: bacteria species} a species of bacteria

{n: barren ground caribou, Rangifer arcticus} of tundra of northern Canada; in some classifications included in the species Rangifer tarandus

{n: bee} any of numerous hairy-bodied insects including social and solitary species

{n: bonito, oceanic bonito, Katsuwonus pelamis} fish whose flesh is dried and flaked for Japanese cookery; may be same species as skipjack tuna

{n: breed, strain, stock} a special variety of domesticated animals within a species
"he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"
"he created a new strain of sheep"

{n: by-catch, bycatch} unwanted marine creatures that are caught in the nets while fishing for another species
"thousands of dolphins and porpoises and whales are killed as part of the by-catch each year"

{n: cenogenesis, kenogenesis, caenogenesis, cainogenesis, kainogenesis} introduction during embryonic development of characters or structure not present in the earlier evolutionary history of the strain or species (as addition of the placenta in mammalian evolution)
<-> palingenesis

{n: clade} a group of biological taxa or species that share features inherited from a common ancestor

{n: collared pika, Ochotona collaris} similar to little chief hare and may be same species

{n: commensal} either of two different animal or plant species living in close association but not interdependent

{n: common grape hyacinth, Muscari neglectum} prolific species having particularly beautiful dark blue flowers

{n: common opossum, Didelphis virginiana, Didelphis marsupialis} omnivorous opossum of the eastern United States; noted for feigning death when in danger; esteemed as food in some areas; considered same species as the crab-eating opossum of South America

{n: comparative anatomy} the study of anatomical features of animals of different species

{n: conspecific} an organism belonging to the same species as another organism

{n: corynebacterium} any species of the genus Corynebacterium

{n: coupling, mating, pairing, conjugation, union, sexual union} the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes
"the casual couplings of adolescents"
"the mating of some species occurs only in the spring"

{n: creationism} the literal belief in the account of creation given in the Book of Genesis
"creationism denies the theory of evolution of species"

{n: cross-fertilization, cross-fertilisation} fertilization by the union of male and female gametes from different individual of the same species
<-> self-fertilization

{n: cultivar} a variety of a plant developed from a natural species and maintained under cultivation

{n: dahlia, Dahlia pinnata} any of several plants of or developed from the species Dahlia pinnata having tuberous roots and showy rayed variously colored flower heads; native to the mountains of Mexico and Central America and Colombia

{n: differentia} distinguishing characteristics (especially in different species of a genus)

{n: dimorphism} (biology) the existence of two forms of individual within the same animal species (independent of sex differences)

{n: edible banana, Musa paradisiaca sapientum} widely cultivated species of banana trees bearing compact hanging clusters of commercially important edible yellow fruit

{n: endangered species} a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at risk of extinction

{n: evolution, organic evolution, phylogeny, phylogenesis} (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms

{n: extinction, defunctness} no longer in existence
"the extinction of a species"

{n: form, variant, strain, var.} (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
"a new strain of microorganisms"

{n: frog, toad, toad frog, anuran, batrachian, salientian} any of various tailless stout-bodied amphibians with long hind limbs for leaping; semiaquatic and terrestrial species

{n: genus Angiopteris} one species: tree fern

{n: genus Calypso} one species found throughout much of northern North America and Eurasia

{n: genus Canella} one species

{n: genus Carpenteria} one species; sometimes placed in family Saxifragaceae

{n: genus Cassia, Cassia} some genus Cassia species often classified as members of the genus Senna or genus Chamaecrista

{n: genus Cathaya} one species; related to Pseudotsuga and Larix

{n: genus Cyrilla} one species: trees and shrubs having flowers with acute or twisted petals and wingless fruit

{n: genus Drypis} one species

{n: genus Engelmannia} one species: North American herbs that resemble sunflowers

{n: genus Fusarium} a form genus of mostly plant parasites some of which cause dry rot; in humans a species can cause inflammation of cornea leading to blindness

{n: genus Gloriosa} sometimes placed in family Colchicaceae; one species: glory lily

{n: genus Hydrilla} one species

{n: genus Idesia} one species

{n: genus Metasequoia} genus of deciduous conifers comprising both living and fossil forms; 1 extant species: dawn redwood of China; variously classified as member of Pinaceae or Taxodiaceae

{n: genus Monilia} genus of parasitic yeastlike imperfect fungi having spherical or oval conidia in branched chains; some species usually placed in other genera especially genus Candida

{n: genus Montezuma} one species: medium-sized evergreen tree of Puerto Rico or Mexico

{n: genus Odontoglossum} large and important genus of tropical American mostly epiphytic orchids; some of the most widely grown species are often placed in other genera

{n: genus Pistia} one species: water lettuce

{n: genus Regnellidium} one species of aquatic or semiaquatic fern

{n: genus Rhizoctinia, form genus Rhizoctinia} form genus of imperfect fungi some species of which are now placed in genera Pellicularia and Corticium because their perfect stages have been found

{n: genus Staphylococcus} includes many pathogenic species

{n: genus Thyrsopteris} one species

{n: genus Tyrannosaurus} includes a single species

{n: genus} (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species

{n: giant foxtail} two species of coarse annual foxtails that are naturalized weeds in United States

{n: herd} a group of wild mammals of one species that remain together: antelope or elephants or seals or whales or zebra

{n: heterograft, xenograft} tissue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species

{n: heteroploid} (genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species

{n: homograft, allograft} tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup; recipient's immune system must be suppressed to prevent rejection of the graft

{n: hunting season} the season during which it is legal to kill a particular species

{n: hybrid, crossbreed, cross} an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species
"a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey"

{n: hybridization, hybridisation, crossbreeding, crossing, cross, interbreeding, hybridizing} (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids

{n: immortelle, Xeranthemum annuum} mostly widely cultivated species of everlasting flowers having usually purple flowers; southern Europe to Iran; naturalized elsewhere

{n: immutability, immutableness, fixity} the quality of being incapable of mutation
"Darwin challenged the fixity of species"
<-> mutability, mutableness

{n: imprinting} a learning process in early life whereby species specific patterns of behavior are established

{n: individualization, individualisation, individuation} discriminating the individual from the generic group or species

{n: isoagglutination} agglutination of an agglutinogen of one individual by a serum from another individual of the same species

{n: isoagglutinin} an antibody produced by one individual that causes agglutination of red blood cells in other individuals of the same species

{n: isoantibody, alloantibody} an antibody that occurs naturally against foreign tissues from a person of the same species

{n: karyotype} the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)

{n: large-flowered fiddleneck, Amsinckia grandiflora} annual of the western United States having large coiled flower spikes; a threatened species

{n: lechwe, Kobus leche} tawny-colored African antelope inhabiting wet grassy plains; a threatened species

{n: listeria} any species of the genus Listeria

{n: lungfish} air-breathing fish having an elongated body and fleshy paired fins; certain species construct mucus-lined mud coverings in which to survive drought

{n: lymphogranuloma venereum, LGV, lymphopathia venereum} infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin

{n: male horse} the male of species Equus caballus

{n: malheur wire lettuce, Stephanomeria malheurensis} a small plant of Oregon resembling mustard; a threatened species

{n: mimicry} the resemblance of an animal species to another species or to natural objects; provides concealment and protection from predators

{n: monotype} (biology) a taxonomic group with a single member (a single species or genus)

{n: moray, moray eel} family of brightly colored voracious eels of warm coastal waters; generally nonaggressive to humans but larger species are dangerous if provoked

{n: mushroom poisoning} toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms (especially Amanita species)

{n: myrmecophile} an organism such as an insect that habitually shares the nest of a species of ant

{n: neo-Darwinism} a modern Darwinian theory that explains new species in terms of genetic mutations

{n: neoteny} an evolutionary trend to be born earlier so that development is cut off at an earlier stage and juvenile characteristics are retained in adults of the species

{n: neotony} the state resulting when juvenile characteristics are retained by the adults of a species

{n: niche, ecological niche} (ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)

{n: noble cane} sugarcanes representing the highest development of the species; characterized by large juicy stalks with soft rinds and high sugar content

{n: palingenesis, recapitulation} emergence during embryonic development of various characters or structures that appeared during the evolutionary history of the strain or species
<-> cenogenesis

{n: pheromone} a chemical substance secreted externally by some animals (especially insects) that influences the physiology or behavior of other animals of the same species

{n: pickerel} any of several North American species of small pike

{n: platypus, duckbill, duckbilled platypus, duck-billed platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus} small densely furred aquatic monotreme of Australia and Tasmania having a broad bill and tail and webbed feet; only species in the family Ornithorhynchidae

{n: polymorphism} (biology) the existence of two or more forms of individuals within the same animal species (independent of sex differences)

{n: population} a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area
"they hired hunters to keep down the deer population"

{n: prairie white-fringed orchid, Platanthera leucophea} of central North America; a threatened species

{n: preservationist} someone who advocates the preservation of historical sites or endangered species or natural areas

{n: prickly pear, prickly pear cactus} cacti having spiny flat joints and oval fruit that is edible in some species; often used as food for stock

{n: puffer, pufferfish, blowfish, globefish} any of numerous marine fishes whose elongated spiny body can inflate itself with water or air to form a globe; several species contain a potent nerve poison; closely related to spiny puffers

{n: pygmy chimpanzee, bonobo, Pan paniscus} small chimpanzee of swamp forests in Zaire; a threatened species

{n: pygmy cypress, Cupressus pigmaea, Cupressus goveniana pigmaea} rare small cypress native to northern California; sometimes considered the same species as gowen cypress

{n: red fox, Vulpes fulva} New World fox; often considered the same species las the Old World fox

{n: red fox, Vulpes vulpes} the common Old World fox; having reddish-brown fur; commonly considered a single circumpolar species

{n: red siskin, Carduelis cucullata} South American species of scarlet finch with black head and wings and tail

{n: redtail, red-tailed hawk, Buteo jamaicensis} dark brown American hawk species having a reddish-brown tail

{n: redwood} the soft reddish wood of either of two species of sequoia trees

{n: relict} an organism or species surviving as a remnant of an otherwise extinct flora or fauna in an environment much changed from that in which it originated

{n: requiem shark} any of numerous sharks from small relatively harmless bottom-dwellers to large dangerous oceanic and coastal species

{n: rock dove, rock pigeon, Columba livia} pale grey Eurasian pigeon having black-striped wings from which most domestic species are descended

{n: roridula} either of 2 species of the genus Roridula; South African viscid perennial low-growing woody shrubs

{n: saltation} a mutation that drastically changes the phenotype of an organism or species

{n: scarabaeid beetle, scarabaeid, scarabaean} any of numerous species of stout-bodied beetles having heads with horny spikes

{n: sea chub} schooling fishes mostly of Indian and western Pacific oceans; two species in western Atlantic

{n: shittah, shittah tree} source of a wood mentioned frequently in the Bible; probably a species of genus Acacia

{n: shrimp} small slender-bodied chiefly marine decapod crustaceans with a long tail and single pair of pincers; many species are edible

{n: slave ant} any of various ants captured as larvae and enslaved by another species

{n: slave-making ant, slave-maker} an ant that attacks colonies of other ant species and carries off the young to be reared as slaves

{n: speciation} the evolution of a biological species

{n: species} (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed

{n: species} a specific kind of something
"a species of molecule"
"a species of villainy"

{n: subgenus} (biology) taxonomic group between a genus and a species

{n: subspecies, race} (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species

{n: superfetation} fertilization of a second ovum after a pregnancy has begun; results in two fetuses of different ages in the uterus at the same time
"superfetation is normal in some animal species"

{n: symbiosis, mutualism} the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other

{n: tapeworm infection} intestinal infection by a species of parasitic tapeworm; usually the result of eating inadequately cooked meat or fish

{n: tassel hyacinth, Muscari comosum} large beautiful Mediterranean species having sterile bluish-violet flowers with fringed corollas forming a tuft above the fertile flowers

{n: theory of evolution, theory of organic evolution, evolutionism} (biology) a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals

{n: toxin} a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species

{n: type species} (biology) the species that best exemplifies the essential characteristics of the genus to which it belongs

{n: type specimen, holotype} the original specimen from which the description of a new species is made

{n: vaquita, Phocaena sinus} a short porpoise that lives in the Gulf of California; an endangered species

{n: variety} (biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics
"varieties are frequently recognized in botany"

{n: western chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes verus} masked or pale-faced chimpanzees of western Africa; distantly related to the eastern and central chimpanzees; possibly a distinct species

{n: winter squash, winter squash plant} any of various plants of the species Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita moschata producing squashes that have hard rinds and mature in the fall

{n: woodland caribou, Rangifer caribou} any of several large caribou living in coniferous forests of southern Canada; in some classifications included in the species Rangifer tarandus

{n: woolly rhinoceros, Rhinoceros antiquitatis} extinct thick-haired species of arctic regions

{n: xenotransplant, xenotransplantation} a surgical procedure in which tissue or whole organs are transfered from one species to another species

{n: yellow-leaf sickle pine, Falcatifolium taxoides} a rain forest tree or shrub of New Caledonia having a conic crown and pale green sickle-shaped leaves; host species for the rare parasite yew

{v: crossbreed, cross, hybridize, hybridise, interbreed} breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties
"cross a horse and a donkey"
"Mendel tried crossbreeding"
"these species do not interbreed"


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