英语学习词典
  

SINCE

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since [ sins] conj.从…以来;因为

long since 很久以前;很久以来

ever since 从那时起一直到现在

long since 很久以前

ever since 从那时起,自那时以来

ever since
从那时起,自那时以来

since [sins] ad.,conj,&prep. 自从,后来

since [sins] prep.自从...以来

3月1日已通知贵方的未获承兑的汇票, 金额1,000,000美元, 虽已到期但未获清偿。我不得不将该票寄还并附寄拒付证书一份以及我的佣金和费用的帐目一份。这笔金额共计1,013,500美元, 我已向贵方开出凭大木先生或指定付款人的即期汇票一张,请查收。
the draft for $1,000,000 which, as I advised you on the 1st March had not been accepted, having since become due and not being discharged, I have now to return it to you with a protest for non-payment, together with an account of my commission and charges, amounting to $1,013,500, for which I have drawn on you at sight, to the order of Mr. Ohki.

Since it is unnecessary to consider student's routine life, day school can lay stress on teaching instead of other aspects, such as management of dormitory and cafeteria.
由于无需考虑学生的日常生活,日制学校可以将重点放在教学上而不是放在像宿舍和食堂管理这些方面。

Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.
既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃作运动。

He that publishes a book runs a very great hazard, since nothing can be more impossible than to compose one that may secure the approbation of every reader.
出版一本书的人冒着极大的危险,因为创作一部可能受到所有读者欢迎的作品是最不可能的事。

It's been five years since the appearance of her first book.
自她的第一本书出版已有五年了。

He's been very depressed since he lost his job.
自失去工作以来他心情一直不好。

A plague has killed thousands of people in Africa since 1995.
1995年以来一场瘟疫使非洲成千上万的人丧生。

He has walked with a stiff leg since he hurt his knee.
他自从膝关节受伤后走起路来一条腿一直伸不直。

He boasted about his job almost continuously since he got on the train.
他上火车后就吹嘘他的工作,几乎没有停过。

He boasted about his new car almost continuously since he came into the office.
他进办公室后几乎一直在吹嘘他的新车。

Four years have elapsed since he left college and still he hadn't found a job.
大学毕业已四年过去了, 可他还没有找到工作。

We have to economize from now on since we have little money left.
我们剩下的钱不多了,所以从现在起得节俭些。

This is a magazine published weekly since 2 January, 1909.
这份杂志自1909年1月2日以来每星期出版一次。

I can’t distinguish Jack from his twin brother since they look so much like each other.
杰克和他的双胞胎兄弟非常相像,我分不清他们俩。

Since we instituted the new rule, fewer people have been late to work.
自从我们制定了新规章制度,迟到的人比以前少了。

Since the opening of the first shop new branches have mushroomed all over the country.
自从第一家店开张以来,新的分店如雨后春笋般地遍布了全国。

This research has been in progress since 1978 and has yielded many positive results.
这项研究自1978年以来一直在进行,并已取得了许多实际成果。

The standard of performance has gone up since last year, as the players have gained more experience.
由于演员更有经验了,自去年以来表演水平提高了。

The standard of performance has gone down since last year.
表演水平自去年以来下降了。

It's been 5 years since I last saw you.
我已5年没见你了。

It's been a whole year since I last saw you.
我整整一年没见你了。

It has been a long time since last came here.
自从我上次来这里已经有很长时间了。

They've been working on this project since last year.
他们从去年开始一直都在做这个项目。

She's been living there since her birth.
她生下来就住那儿。

Sure. We are friends since primary school.
当然,我们从小学就是朋友了。

We keep in touch with each other by Email since he left China.
他离开中国以后,我们用Email保持联系。

What have you been doing since I saw you last time?
自从我上次见到你以后你都在干什么?

She's been quite different since coming back from America.从美国回来之后,她变化很大。

Since I'm here, I'd like to try a typical dish of this country.既然来了,我想吃这个国家特有的食物。

Since different people like to do so many different things in their spare time, we could make a long list of hobbies, taking in everything from collecting matchboxes and raising rare fish, to learning about the stars and making model ships.
既然不同的人们在他们的业余时间做不同的事情,我们可以列出一长串爱好列表,包括从收集火柴盒到养珍稀鱼类以及学习星学和制造航模等各种消遣。

It was better covered by television and press than any event here since President Kennedy’s inauguration (就职) , and , since indifferent is almost as great a problem to the Negro as hostility, this was a plus.
这种冷谈正如对黑人的敌意一样是个大问题,而电视和报纸对肯尼迪总统就职典礼的报道胜过对其它事件的报道,是一个意外的收获。

Roseenblatt’s thematic analysis permits considerable objectivity; he even explicitly states that it is not his intention to judge the merit of the various works—yet his reluctance seems misplaced, especially since an attempt to appraise might have led to interesting results.
Roseenblatt的主题分析非常有客观性,他甚至明确地说他并不愿判断各种作品的价值—但他的说法似乎有些不对头,特别是有时赞美的尝试可能产生有趣的结果。

The historian Frederick J. Tuner wrote in the 1890’s that the agrarian discontent that had been developing steadily in the United States since about 1870 had been precipitated by the closing of the internal frontier—that is , the depletion of available new land needed for further expansion of the American farming system.
历史学家Frederick J Tuner在19世纪90年代写道:自1870年以来美国农民的不满一直在缓慢增长,直到1870年关闭了内部前沿以后就被加速了——就是说,用于扩张农业系统的新土地资源已经枯竭了。

It may not “look to it” at once, since it is looking to so many things, but it will be a long time before it forgets the melodious and melancholy voice of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther Jr., crying out his dreams to the multitude.
也许不能注意到它,因为在注意着许多事情,但是很长时间后也很难忘记Rev、Dr、Martin、Luther.Jr.,用悦耳忧郁的声音向大众呼喊出他的梦想。

People can be relatively rich only if others are relatively poor, and since power is concentrated in the hands of the rich, public policies will continue to reflect their interests rather than those of the poor.
人们只能是相对富裕,而另一些人就相对贫穷了。既然权力是集中在富人的手中,公共政策就将继续反应他们的利益而不是穷人的利益了。

Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships.
由于我们是社会动物,我们的生活质量在很大程度上取决于我们的人际关系。

Many centuries have passed since that time.
从那时起,几百年过去了。

Fashions have changed a lot since I was a little girl.
现在的时装和我还是小女孩时候流行的样子很不一样了。

A large quantity of air-conditioners has been sold since the temperature is high.
因为气温很高,有大量空调售出。

Since you can't answer the question, perhaps we'd better ask someone else.
既然你无法回答这个问题,我们最好再问问别人。

We've been friends ever since we met at school.
自从我们在学校认识之后,我们就一直是好朋友。

Since our contract is near its term we must negotiate a new one.
由于我们的合同快到期了,我们必须谈判新的合约。

He put on a thick sweater since it was cold in the morning.
早晨很冷,他穿上了一件厚毛衣。

我开始慢跑锻炼。
I've started jogging.
I've started jogging. (我开始慢跑锻炼。)
Since when? (什么时候开始的?)

I've been part of this project since its beginning.
从一开始我就参与这个计划。

I'm Clifton, and I've been associated with this project since the beginning.
我叫克里夫敦,从一开始我就参与了这项计划。

Since we are likely to place sizable orders regularly we hope that you will make some special concessions.
由于我方将定期大批量订购,希望贵方作出一些特殊的让步。

Since Tom Lee is our sole agent for our products in Korea, we can't make you a direct offer.
因为汤姆·李是我方产品在韩国的独家代理人,所以我们不能直接向您发盘。

Since the contract is about to expire, shall we discuss a new one?
这个合同将到期,我们来谈谈新合同的事宜吧。

Since we need the goods urgently, we must insist on express shipment.
由于我方急需这批货物,我方坚持使用快递装运。

子曰:“吾十有五而志于学,三十而立,四十而不惑,五十而知天命,六十而耳顺,七十而从心所欲,不逾矩。”
Confucius said, “Since the age of 15, I have devoted myself to learning; since 30, I have been well established; since 40, I have understood many things and have no longer been confused; since 50, I have known my heaven-sent duty; since 60, I have been able to distinguish right and wrong in other people’s words; and since 70, I have been able to do what I intend freely without breaking the rules.”

It is a long time since we have heard you about...
收到你方关于...的信件后已过了很长的时间。

Textile business has become more and more difficult since the competition grew.
随着竞争的加剧,纺织品贸易越来越难做了。

A I graduated from university about 5 years ago.
A 大约5年前我从大学毕业。
B What did you do after university?
B 你大学毕业后做了什么?
A After university? Well, first I came to Beijing. I thought there would be more job opportunities here.
A 大学毕业后?哦,我首先来了北京。我想这里会有更多的工作机会。
B And then what did you do? Did you find a good job?
B 那以后你做了什么?你找到好工作了吗?
A Yes, I managed to get the job I am doing now. I’ve been working here ever since.
A 是的,我找到了一份工作,也就是现在的工作。从那时候开始我一直在这里工作。
B It sounds as if you made the right decision to come to Beijing after university.
B 听起来好像你毕业后来北京的决定是对的。

A Hi! It’s good to see you again. It’s been such a long time. It’s ages since I last saw you!
A 你好!很高兴再次见到你。好久不见。自从我上次见到你已经过去好久好久了!
B I know. The last time we met was about a year ago, wasn’t it?
B 我知道。上次我们见面是大约一年前,不是吗?
A Yes, I think it was. What have you been doing since then?
A 是的,我想是的。从那以后你一直在做什么?
B Well, I went to Shanghai for a few months. I had some work there – only for a short time. Then I came back here.
B 哦,我去了上海几个月。我在那里有些工作——只是一小段时间。然后我就回来了。
A And then what did you do?
A 回来以后你做了什么?
B Well, I started a new job here. Then I took a holiday. I went to Thailand. And now I’m back.
B 哦,我在这里开始了一份新工作。然后我放假了。我去了泰国。现在我又回来了。

A Hi! Good to see you again. It’s been such a long time. It’s ages since we last met.
A 你好!很高兴再次见到你。这么长时间了,我们好久好久没有见面了。
B I know. The last time we met was about 6 months ago, wasn’t it?
B 我知道。上次我们见面大约是6个月前,不是吗?
A Yes, I think it was. What have you been doing since then?
A 是的,我想是的。从那以后你一直都在做什么?
B Well, I went to Guangzhou for a few months. I was working there – but only for a short time.
B 哦,我去广州呆了几个月。我在那里工作——但是只是很短的一段时间。
A And then what did you do?
A 然后你做什么了?
B Well, I took a short holiday in Hong Kong. Then I started a new job here.
B 哦,我在香港度过了一个短暂的假期。然后我在这里开始做一份新工作。

Be not angry that you cannot make others as you wish them to be, since you cannot make yourself as you wish to be.
Thomas Mann, German writer
不要由于别人不能成为你所希望的人而愤怒,因为你自己也不能成为自己所希望的人。
德国作家托马斯?曼

Since a politician never believes what he says ,he is surprised when others believe him.
Charles de Gaulle, French president
政客从来不相信自己说的话,所以,当别人相信他的话时,他必定会大吃一惊。
法国总统戴高乐.C.

The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge are necessary, love is in a sense more fundamental, since it will lead intelligent people to seek knowledge, in order to find out how to benefit those they love. Delight without well-wishing may be cruel; well- wishing without delight easily tends to become cold and little superior.
Bertrand Russell British philosopher  
美好生活由爱来激励,受知识指导。.....尽管爱与知识都必要,但在某种意义上爱更重要。因为爱会引导聪明的人去寻求知识,看看怎样能使他们所爱的人得益。...没有善良的愿望的喜悦可能是残酷;没有喜悦的善良容易变得冷漠和傲视一切。
英国哲学罗素,B.

The laws of Nature, that is to say the laws of God, plainly made every human being a law unto himself, we must steadfastly refuse to obey those laws, and we must as steadfastly stand by the conventions which ignore them , since the statutes furnish us peace, fairly good government and stability, and therefore are better for us than the laws of God, which would soon plunge us into confusion and disorder and anarchy if we should adopt them.
Mark Twain, American writer 
自然法即神灵法,只是用来约束每一个个体的法律,我们必须坚定地拒绝遵守。我们应该坚定地遵守忽视神灵法的规章制度,因为规章制度赋予我们和平、比较好的政府和稳定,因而对我们来说,规章制度比神灵法更好,因为如果我们采用神灵法的话,他会将我们陷入迷惑、无序和无政府状态。
美国作家马克?吐温

I have long since abandoned the notion that higher education is essential to either success or happiness. Hot houses of learning do not always grow anything edible.
Robert Moses, American state govenment officer 
我早已抛弃了这种观念:高等教育是通往成功或者幸福的必由之路。知识的“温室”并不总能生长可供食物用的粮食。
美国州政府官员摩西R 

A:Tony? Oh,it's been a while since we've talked to each other. So nice to hear you again.
Tony?好久没通电话了。听到你的声音太好了。
B:Same here. Hey, did you know Terry is going to be married? She invited me to her wedding and she wants you to attend also.
我也是,
你知道Terry要结婚了吗?她请我参加她的婚礼。她也想让你去。
A:Really?
真的吗?
B:Definitely. I'm calling to tell you this.
是的。我打电话就是告诉你这个的。
A:Why didn't she call me?
她怎么不打给我。
B:She tried. But the line is always busy.
她打过,可线路老是忙
A:Well, I may have stayed on the phone too long. Can you give me her number? I'll call her later.
我也许打电话时间太长了。你能给我她的号码吗?我呆会给她打过去。
B:Of course. It's 555-4653.
当然,555-4653.

"Hey! Since you're a friend of Bill's, why don't you hook me up?"
嘿! 既然你是比尔的朋友, 帮我介绍一下吧!

@@@ 现在, 迄今
as yet 迄今为止
at present 现在, 目前
by far 到目前为止; 最
even now 即使在现在
ever since 从那时起一直到现在
for the moment 暂时; 目前
for the time being 暂时, 眼下
not yet 尚未(到目前为止某事没有发生)
on the spot 在现场, 当场; 立即
so far 迄今为止; 到目前为止
to date 到目前为止, 迄今

hit it off 投缘,一见如故
They hit it off instantly and have been good friends ever since.
他们一见面就很投缘,从此成了好朋友。

pick someone's brains请教某人
I don't understand any of this medical terminology. Do you mind if I pick your brains since you're so knowledgeable in this area?
我对医学术语一无所知。你在这方面如此在行,我能不能请教你一下?

way back好久以前
We've been friends since way back.
我们老早就是好朋友了。

bad blood不,敌意
Ever since Howard borrowed 5,000 dollars from Mike and never paid him back, there has been bad blood between them.
自从霍华德向麦克借了5,000美元不还之后,他们之间就有了嫌隙。

"My brother Bob borrowed the money to open his restaurant five years ago when the interest rate was so high, so he's been paying through the nose ever since."
“我哥哥在五年前借钱开他那个饭馆的时候正好利率非常高。所以,他从那时起就一直在大笔大笔地还债。”

ever since 从那时起,自那时以来

- be green with envy 羡慕极了
Don't be green with envy. He deserves the prize, since he has spent a whole month on that paper.

- have a memory like a sieve 记性太差
I think a computer notebook will be of great help for me, since I've got a memory like a sieve.

Since the agency agreement was signed, your turnover has amounted to $500.
自从代理协议签定以后,你们的销售额已达500美圆。

Mr. ……(Ms. ……), who has been showing an excellent ability as our …… representative since ……, has now decided to retire from the service. Accordingly, he (she) will be unauthorized to accept any orders or to collect any account on and
after…….
……先生自……年以来任我公司驻……代表,能力卓越,现已决定退休,自……(日期)起,他(她)已无权接受任何定单或收帐。

A: How long have you lived in Beijing, Lin?
A: 你在北京已经住了多久,林?
B: In Beijing? About ten years.
B: 在北京?大约10年了。
A: But aren’t you from Shanghai?
A: 但是你不是上海人吗?
B: Yes, I was born there. But I came to Beijing for university.
B: 是的,我出生在那里。但是我在北京上的大学。
A: And you’ve lived here since then?
A: 从那以后你就一直住在这里了?
B: Yes, I love Beijing. It’s my home now.
B: 是的,我热爱北京。它现在是我的家了。

长期以来 [cháng qī yǐ lái] /ever since a long time ago/

从去年 [cóng qù nián] /since last year/

打 [dǎ] /beat/strike/break/mix up/build/fight/fetch/make/tie up/issue/shoot/calculate/since/from/

既 [jì] /already/since/both... (and...)/

既然 [jì rán] /since/as/this being the case/

年以来 [nián yǐ lái] /since the year .../

全新纪 [quán xīn jì] /holocene/period since the last ice age/

全新世 [quán xīn shì] /holocene/period since the last ice age/

以来 [yǐ lái] /since (a previous event)/

有生以来 [yǒu shēng yǐ lái] /since birth/for one's whole life/

有史以来 [yǒu shǐ yǐ lái] /since the beginning of history/

自 [zì] /from/self/oneself/since/

自此 [zì cǐ] /since then/henceforth/

自从 [zì cóng] /since (a time)/ever since/

自古 [zì gǔ] /(since) ancient times/(from) time immemorial/

"As soon as that report runs, we'll suddenly get 500 new internet sign-ups from Ukraine," says Friedman, a former political science professor.
“一旦这个报道发布,我们将从乌克兰突然新增500个浏览用户,”弗莱德曼,一位前政治科学教授说,“我们将听到其中一些人的回应。
"And we'll hear back from some of them." Open-source spying does have its risks, of course, since it can be difficult to tell good information from bad. That's where Straitford earns its keep.
”当然公开来源的谍报活动的确有它的风险,因为很难区分正确与错误的信息。这正是司特雷福公司挣饭吃的地方。

Since the dawn of human ingenuity, people have devised ever more cunning tools to cope with work that is dangerous, boring, burdensome, or just plain nasty.
从人类最初有了智慧至今,人们一直在设计日益巧妙的工具来处理那些危险的、枯燥的、繁重的或者只是一般肮脏的工作。
That compulsion has resulted in robotics — the science of conferring various human capabilities on machines.
这种不得已的行为导致了机器人科学的产生——一门将人类的能力赋予机器的科学。
And if scientists have yet to create the mechanical version of science fiction, they have begun to come close.
如果科学家们还没有在机械上实现科幻小说的幻想,那么他们也已经很接近这个目标了。

Since OPEC agreed to supply-cuts in March, the price of crude oil has jumped to almost $26 a barrel, up from less than $10 last December.
自从石油输出国组织在3月决定减少原油供应,原油的价格便从去年12月的不到10美元一桶上升到约26美元一桶。

Fifty years ago, the chance of a baby (particularly a boy baby) surviving depended on its weight.
50年前,婴儿(尤其是男婴)存活的机会取决于体重,
A kilogram too light or too heavy meant almost certain death.
过轻或过重几乎意味着必死无疑。
Today it makes almost no difference.
今日体重几乎不起什么作用,
Since much of the variation is due to genes one more agent of evolution has gone.
因为大部分差异是由基因引起的,又一个进化的因素消失了。

It's a rough world out there.
外面是一个危险的世界。
Step outside and you could break a leg slipping on your doormat.
如果你走出去,可能会滑倒在门垫上,摔伤一条腿。
Light up the stove and you could burn down the house.
如果你点燃炉灶,可能会把房子烧掉。
Luckily, if the doormat or stove failed to warn of coming disaster, a successful lawsuit might compensate you for your troubles.
但是假如门垫或炉灶上没有警示语告诉你可能发生的危害,那么你或许可以就自己所受的伤害通过法律诉讼,成功地获得赔偿。
Or so the thinking has gone since the early 1980s, when juries began holding more companies liable for their customers' misfortunes.
大约自80年代初以来人们就不再这样认为了,当时陪审团已开始认为更多的公司应对其顾客所遭受的不幸负责。

But, for a small group of students, professional training might be the way to go since well-developed skills, all other factors being equal, can be the difference between having a job and not.
但是对少数学生而言,职业培训也许是可取之路,因为在其他因素相同的情况下,熟练的技能是能否得到工作的关键。

The official statistics are mildly discouraging.
官方的统计数字却有点不让人乐观。
They show that, if you lump manufacturing and services together, productivity has grown on average by 1.2% since 1987.
这些数据表明,如果把制造业和服务业合起来算,1987年以来生产力平均增长1.2%。
That is somewhat faster than the average during the previous decade.
这比前10年的平均增长速度略快。
And since 1991, productivity has increased by about 2% a year, which is more than twice the 1978-1987 average.
自1991年来,生产力每年约增长2%。这比1978年—1987年的平均增长速度高两倍以上。
The trouble is that part of the recent acceleration is due to the usual rebound that occurs at this point in a business cycle, and so is not conclusive evidence of a revival in the underlying trend.
问题在于,近年发生的生产力快速增长部分是由于商业周期通常到了这时候就会出现的反弹造成的,因而它不是经济复苏已经是潜在趋势的结论性证据。

Americans have been migrating south and west in larger numbers since World War II, and the pattern still prevails.
第二次世界大战以来,美国人大量向南部和西部迁移,而且这种趋势如今仍很盛行。

Moreover, demographers see the continuing shift south and west as joined by a related but newer phenomenon: More and more, Americans apparently are looking not just for places with more jobs but with fewer people, too. Some instances —
而且,人口学家发现,向南部和向西部的不断迁移还伴随着一种相关却又较新的现象:越来越多的美国人显然不再仅仅寻找有更多工作机会的地方,也在寻找人口稀少的地方。例证如下:
● Regionally, the Rocky Mountain states reported the most rapid growth rate — 37.1 percent since 1970 in a vast area with only 5 percent of the US population.
从区域上看,洛基山脉各州上报了自1970年以来最高的人口增长率——37.1%,而以前这片广阔的土地上的人口仅占美国总人口的5%。
● Among states, Nevada and Arizona grew fastest of all: 63.5 and 53.1 percent respectively. Except for Florida and Texas, the top 10 in rate of growth is composed of Western states with 7.5 million people — about 9 per square mile.
从各州情况看,内华达和亚利桑那是增长最快的两个州:其增长率分别为63.5%和53.1%。除了佛罗里达州和得克萨斯州外,处于人口增长率前10位的都是西部各州,共有750万人——每平方英里约9个人。

"Is this what you intended to accomplish with your careers?" Senator Robert Dole asked Time Warner executives last week.
"You have sold your souls, but must you corrupt our nation and threaten our children as well?"
At Time Warner, however, such questions are simply the latest manifestation of the soul-searching that has involved the company ever since the company was born in 1990.
It's a self-examination that has, at various times, involved issues of responsibility, creative freedom and the corporate bottom line.
参议员罗伯特·多尔上星期质问时代华纳公司高级人员时说:“难道这就是你们要成就的事业吗?你们已经出卖了自己的灵魂,难道你们还非要腐化我们的国家,威胁我们的孩子不成?”不过,对于成立于1990年的时代华纳公司而言,
这样的质问仅仅只是公司自我反思的最新表白,是在不同时期涉及责任、创作自由和公司底线问题的自我反省。

Economists have been particularly surprised by favourable inflation figures in Britain and the United States, since conventional measures suggest that both economies, and especially America's, have little productive slack. America's capacity utilisation, for example, hit historically high levels earlier this year, and its jobless rate (5.6% in August) has fallen below most estimates of the natural rate of unemployment — the rate below which inflation has taken off on the past.
经济学家对英美两国有利的通胀率感到特别诧异,因为传统的计量方法表明两国经济,特别是美国经济几乎没有生产萧条的时候。比如,美国的生产力利用率在今年前段时间达到了历史最高水平,失业率(8月份为5.6%)已降到低于对自然失业率的大多数估测——过去,当比率低于自然失业率时,通货膨胀率早已迅速上升。

By contrast, the process of personal growth is much more difficult to determine, since by definition it is a journey and not the specific signposts or landmarks along the way.
相比之下,对成长过程的测定就难多了,因为从定义上讲,它是一次旅行,不是沿途上的某个路标或界标。

In addition to this, there is the growing mobility of people since World War Ⅱ.
除此之外,二战以来,人口流动性日益增大。

But the environment must also have a profound effect, since if competition is important to the parents, it is likely to become a major factor in the lives of their children.
但环境也一定对其有深刻的影响,因为如果竞争对父母来说很重要的话,那它也可能成为孩子生活中的一个重要因素。

Forgetting clearly aids orientation in time, since old memories weaken and the new tend to stand out, providing clues for inferring duration.
显然,遗忘有助于时间的定位,因为旧的记忆淡忘,新的记忆往往就突出,从而为推算持续的时间提供线索。

{adj: changed} made or become different in some respect
"he's an altered (or changed) man since his election to Congress"

{adj: foreordained, predestinate, predestined} established or prearranged unalterably
"his place in history was foreordained"
"a sense of predestinate inevitability about it"
"it seemed predestined since the beginning of the world"

{adj: knocked-out} damaged
"the gym has some of the most knocked-out equipment since Vic Tanny"

{adj: modern} belonging to the modern era; since the Middle Ages
"modern art"
"modern furniture"
"modern history"
"totem poles are modern rather than prehistoric"
<-> nonmodern

{adv: from way back, since a long time ago} since long ago
"she knows him from way back"

{adv: long ago, long since, lang syne} of the distant or comparatively distant past
"We met once long ago"
"they long ago forsook their nomadic life"
"left for work long ago"
"he has long since given up mountain climbing"
"This name has long since been forgotten"
"lang syne" is Scottish

{adv: well, comfortably} in financial comfort
"They live well"
"she has been able to live comfortably since her husband died"

{n: Aden} an important port of Yemen; located on the Gulf of Aden; its strategic location have made it a major trading center of southern Arabia since ancient times

{n: Aramaic, Aramaic script} an alphabetical (or perhaps syllabic) script used since the 9th century BC to write the Aramaic language; many other scripts were subsequently derived from it

{n: Armenian Church, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church} an independent Christian church established in Armenia since 300; was influenced by both Roman and Byzantine traditions

{n: Book of Common Prayer} the Anglican service book of the Church of England; has had several revisions since the Reformation and is widely admired for the dignity and beauty of its language

{n: British empiricism} the predominant philosophical tradition in Great Britain since the 17th century

{n: Caladium bicolor} most popular caladium; cultivated in many varieties since the late 19th century

{n: Carl XVI Gustav, Carl XVI Gustaf} king of Sweden since 1973 (born 1946)

{n: Cordaitales, order Cordaitales} extinct plants having tall arborescent trunks comparable to or more advanced than cycads; known from the Pennsylvanian period; probably extinct since the Mesozoic era

{n: Defender of the Faith} a title that Leo X bestowed on Henry VIII and later withdrew; parliament restored the title and it has been used by English sovereigns ever since

{n: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, DARPA} the central research and development organization for the United States Department of Defense; responsible for developing new surveillance technologies since 9/11

{n: Equisetales, order Equisetales} lower tracheophytes in existence since the Devonian

{n: Fahd, Fahd ibn Abdel Aziz al-Saud} king of Saudi Arabia since 1982 (born in 1922)

{n: Fall} the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve
"women have been blamed ever since the Fall"

{n: Gomphotheriidae, family Gomphotheriidae} elephants extinct since the Pleistocene

{n: Havel, Vaclav Havel} Czech dramatist and statesman whose plays opposed totalitarianism and who served as president of Czechoslovakia from 1989 to 1992 and president of the Czech Republic since 1993 (born in 1936)

{n: Hebrew alphabet, Hebraic alphabet, Hebrew script} a Semitic alphabet used since the 5th century BC for writing the Hebrew language (and later for writing Yiddish and Ladino)

{n: Isoetales, order Isoetales} aquatic or marsh-growing fern allies; known to have existed since the Cenozoic; sometimes included in Lycopodiales

{n: Juan Carlos, Juan Carlos Victor Maria de Borbon y Borbon} king of Spain since 1975 (born in 1938)

{n: Milan, Milano} the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the Middle Ages

{n: Modern English} English since about 1450

{n: Moscow, capital of the Russian Federation, Russian capital} a city of central European Russia; formerly capital of both the Soviet Union and Soviet Russia; since 1991 the capital of the Russian Federation

{n: Munich beer, Munchener} a dark lager produced in Munich since the 10th century; has a distinctive taste of malt

{n: Neo-Latin, New Latin} Latin since the Renaissance; used for scientific nomenclature

{n: Northwest Passage} a water route between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean along the northern coast of North America; Europeans since the 16th century had searched for a short route to the Far East before it was successfully traversed by Roald Amundsen (1903-1906)

{n: Palestine Liberation Organization, PLO} a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; when formed in 1964 it was a terrorist organization dominated by Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah; in 1968 Arafat became chairman; received recognition by the United Nations and by Arab states in 1974 as a government in exile; has played a largely political role since the creation of the Palestine National Authority

{n: Prague, Praha, Prag, Czech capital} the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic in the western part of the country; a cultural and commercial center since the 14th century

{n: Red Brigades, Brigate Rosse, BR} a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989

{n: Russia, Russian Federation} a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state

{n: Solomon Islands} the southern Solomon Islands that since 1978 form an independent state in the British Commonwealth

{n: Tamil} the Dravidian language spoken since prehistoric times by the Tamil in southern India and Sri Lanka

{n: Toledo} a city in central Spain on the Tagus river; famous for steel and swords since the first century

{n: Tory} a member of political party in Great Britain that has been known as the Conservative Party since 1832; was the opposition party to the Whigs

{n: Vanuatu, Republic of Vanuatu, New Hebrides} a volcanic island republic in Melanesia; independent since 1980

{n: Veterans Day, Veterans' Day, Armistice Day, November 11} a legal holiday in the United States; formerly Armistice Day but called Veterans' Day since 1954

{n: Virginia Beach} the largest city in Virginia; long overshadowed by Norfolk but growing rapidly since 1970; with 28 miles of public beaches tourism is a major factor in the economy; site of three United States Navy bases

{n: Western Sahara, Spanish Sahara} an area in northwestern Africa with rich phosphate deposits; under Moroccan control since 1992

{n: Wiesbaden} a city in western Germany; a spa since Roman times

{n: Windsor, House of Windsor} the British royal family since 1917

{n: al-Jihad, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Islamic Jihad, Vanguards of Conquest} an Islamic extremist group active since the late 1970s; seeks to overthrow the Egyptian government and replace it with an Islamic state; works in small underground cells
"the original Jihad was responsible for the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981"

{n: barley} cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain

{n: baronet, Bart} a member of the British order of honor; ranks below a baron but above a knight
"since he was a baronet he had to be addressed as Sir Henry Jones, Bart."

{n: block} (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted
"since blocks are often defined as a single sector, the terms `block' and `sector' are sometimes used interchangeably"

{n: buggy whip} a horsewhip once used by a driver of a buggy
"since buggies have been replaced by cars the buggy whip has become a symbol for anything that is hopelessly outmoded"

{n: change, alteration, modification} an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
"the change was intended to increase sales"
"this storm is certainly a change for the worse"
"the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago"

{n: climate, mood} the prevailing psychological state
"the climate of opinion"
"the national mood had changed radically since the last election"

{n: coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae} fish thought to have been extinct since the Cretaceous period but found in 1938 off the coast of Africa

{n: compensating balance, offsetting balance} a minimum credit balance that a bank may require a borrower to keep on deposit as a condition for granting a loan; a common requirement for establishing a line of credit at a bank
"the compensating balance increases the effective interest rate to the bank since the net amount loaned is reduced but the interest paid is unchanged"

{n: corn, maize, Indian corn, Zea mays} tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times

{n: crash} (computer science) an event that causes a computer system to become inoperative
"the crash occurred during a thunderstorm and the system has been down ever since"

{n: dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, DDT} an insecticide that is also toxic to animals and humans; banned in the United States since 1972

{n: dog, domestic dog, Canis familiaris} a member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds
"the dog barked all night"

{n: end} a final part or section
"we have given it at the end of the section since it involves the calculus"
"Start at the beginning and go on until you come to the end"
<-> beginning, middle

{n: entrepot, transshipment center} a port where merchandise can be imported and then exported without paying import duties
"Bahrain has been an entrepot of trade between Arabia and India since the second millennium BC"

{n: family, family line, folk, kinfolk, kinsfolk, sept, phratry} people descended from a common ancestor
"his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"

{n: forceps delivery} delivery in which forceps are inserted through the vagina and used to grasp the head of the fetus and pull it through the birth canal; since the forceps can injure the fetus this procedure has generally given way to cesarean deliveries

{n: glove anesthesia} a mental disorder involving loss of sensitivity in the hand and wrist
"since no combination of nerves serve this area a glove anesthesia is clearly psychogenic in origin"

{n: gold of pleasure, Camelina sativa} annual European false flax having small white flowers; cultivated since Neolithic times as a source of fiber and for its oil-rich seeds; widely naturalized in North America

{n: horse, Equus caballus} solid-hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since prehistoric times

{n: kuru} a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned

{n: mudhif} a reed hut in the marshlands of Iraq; rare since the marshes were drained

{n: native speaker} a speaker of a particular language who has spoken that language since earliest childhood
"native speakers of French"

{n: new penny} a coin used in Great Britain since 1971 worth one hundredth of a pound

{n: olive, European olive tree, Olea europaea} evergreen tree cultivated in the Mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits

{n: outercourse} sexual stimulation without vaginal penetration
"since pregnancy cannot happen if sperm are kept out of the vagina, outercourse is one method of birth control"

{n: overturn, upset} an improbable and unexpected victory
"the biggest upset since David beat Goliath"

{n: probabilism} (philosophy) the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action

{n: quagga, Equus quagga} mammal of South Africa that resembled a zebra; extinct since late 19th century

{n: quotation} the practice of quoting from books or plays etc.
"since he lacks originality he must rely on quotation"

{n: savings bank} a thrift institution in the northeastern United States; since deregulation in the 1980s they offer services competitive with many commercial banks

{n: security, security measures} measures taken as a precaution against theft or espionage or sabotage etc.
"military security has been stepped up since the recent uprising"

{n: sixpence, tanner} a small coin of the United Kingdom worth six pennies; not minted since 1970

{n: stereotype} a conventional or formulaic conception or image
"regional stereotypes have been part of America since its founding"

{n: subordinating conjunction, subordinate conjunction} a conjunction (like `since' or `that' or `who') that introduces a dependent clause

{n: tarpan, Equus caballus gomelini} European wild horse extinct since the early 20th century

{n: track record} the fastest time ever recorded for a specific distance at a particular racetrack
"the track record for the mile and a half at Belmont is 2 minutes 24 seconds held by Secretariat since 1973"

{n: year dot} as long ago as anyone can remember
"he has been a conductor since the year dot"

{v: bill} advertise especially by posters or placards
"He was billed as the greatest tenor since Caruso"

{v: ostracize, ostracise} avoid speaking to or dealing with
"Ever since I spoke up, my colleagues ostracize me"

{v: rake in, shovel in} earn large sums of money
"Since she accepted the new position, she has been raking it in"

{v: take out, take away} buy and consume food from a restaurant or establishment that sells prepared food
"We'll take out pizza, since I am too tired to cook"

" You would like my mother, I think, " I said, " but my father's been dead since I was 11. "
"我想你会喜欢我母亲的, "我说道, "可我父亲在我 11岁时就去世了。

This was news to me for I had imagined that the land had belonged to my grandfather ever since God's Creation.
这件事对我来说可是个奇闻。我原本以为这片土地从 "创世纪 "以来就属于我的祖父。

The chord struck by that line in The Graduate under-scored how much had happened in the six decades since the summer of 1907, when Leo Baekeland made the laboratory break-through that would change the stuff our world is made of.
(毕业生)里的那句话唤起的记忆着重体现了自 1907年夏天以来 60年中事物的巨大变迁。就在 1907年,利奥·贝克兰在实验室里取得了突破,改变了组成世界的物质。

Since Bakelite's heyday, researchers have churned out a polysyllabic catalog of plastics: polymethylmetliacrylate( Plexiglas), polyesters, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride( PVC, a. k. a. vinyl), polyhexamethylene adipamide( the original nylon polymer), polytetnifluoroethylene(Teflon), polyurethane, poly-this, poly-that.
自酚醛的发展高峰期以来,研究者们已研制出了多种多样的塑料:聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(有机玻璃)、聚酯、聚乙烯、聚氯乙烯( PVC,也称乙烯基)、聚亚乙基乙二酸胺(原先的尼龙聚合物)。聚四氯乙烯(特氟隆)、聚氨酯、聚这个、聚那个。

Although the wait at the apex is only about 10 seconds it seems an eternity since you know the only way out of this situation is straight down, and in a hurry.
虽然在顶端只等待大约 10秒钟时间,然而让人觉得似乎是一段近乎无限的漫长时间,因为你知道,脱离这个处境的唯一出路是陡直地下落,并且急如流星。

Since a second child is on the way, you must do everything possible to salvage the marriage.
既然她已怀上你们的第二个孩子,你一定要竭尽全力挽救你们的婚姻。

This also had something to do with geometry since the engine - and therefore most of the weight of the car - was in the back.
这和几何学还有一定的关系,因为发动机是后置的,所以车的大部分重量都在后部。

Dozens of observational studies since the early 1980s have suggested that calcium affects blood pressure.
自对世纪 80年代早期以来,许多的观察研究都显示钙对血压有影响。

Ever since the Crusades, pilgrims had made the city a focal point of their travels.
从十字军东征以后,朝圣者已使该城市成为他们旅行的一个集中点。

Mrs. Kennedy and her children had not been hack there since just after the assassination.
就在肯尼迪遭暗杀后,肯尼迪夫人及其孩子们再也没有回过那里。

The South Korean economy is on the mend after a period described as one of the worst since the Korean war.
南韩的经济在经历了被描述为自朝鲜战争以来最糟的时期之一后,正在逐步复苏。

This is unusual, since the vast majority of California's elementary students receive PE instruction from classroom teachers who are not PE specialists, says Don Morris, a professor of kinesiology and health promotion at California State University in Pomona.
波莫纳的加利福尼亚州立大学运动学和健康促进教授唐·莫里斯说,这非同寻常,因为大多数加利福尼亚的小学生是由非体育专家的任课教师授课的。

Enough time has passed since Dolly's arrival for a sober, thorough reassessment of the prospects for human cloning and what it is about such cloning that causes people fear and concern.
自从多利出生以来,已有足够的时间去冷静而彻底地评价人的克隆的前景以及这种克隆引起人们担心和关注的原因。

In the years since, we have become increasingly dependent on satellite-based communications, and even off peak solar outbursts have caused trouble.
多年来,我们愈来愈离不开卫星通讯,甚至在太阳活动的非高峰期,太阳的异常活动都会造成很多麻烦。

Since the last maximum, the number of satellites in orbit has increased sixfold, to more than 600.
自上次太阳活动高峰以来,地球轨道中的人造卫星增加了六倍,达到 600多颗。

They were so very different in every respect:
他们在每一个方面都与其他民族不同:
in their physical appearance, including a long " pigtail " at the back of their otherwise shaved heads;
他们的外表,包括在他们刮光了前半部的脑袋后面的一根长长的辫子;
in the strange, non-Western clothes they wore;
他们穿的迥然不同于西方人的衣服;
in their speech( few had learned English since they planned to go back to China) ;
他们的语言(因为原本打算完工后回国,所以很少有人学习英语);
and in their religion.
还有他们的信仰。

As for laundries and restaurants, some of them soon spread to other parts of the city, since such services continued to be in demand among non-Chinese, too.
至于洗衣店和餐馆,它们中的一部分已迅速地向城市的其他部分发展,因为这种服务在无中国人的地区还是很需要的。

Pope John Paul II( born Karol Wojtyla in Poland in 1920) has apparently held Padre Pio in special esteem ever since a Polish mother of four was miraculously cured of throat cancer through his intercession in the early 1960s.


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