英语学习词典
  

Patient

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patient [ 'peiʃənt] a.忍耐的 n.病人

patient ['peiʃənt] n.病人a.忍耐, 耐心

戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient "

艾滋病感染者 AIDS-infected patient

艾滋病携带者 HIV patients

AIDS-infected patient 艾滋病感染者

HIV patients 艾滋病携带者

The patients mainly manifested the signs of atypical pneumonia.
病人大都呈现出非典型性肺炎的病状。

If I were a medical man, I should prescribe a holiday to any patient who considered his work important.
我如果是医生,就会开处方给所有认为自己的工作非同小可的病人放一天假。

The patient was conscious.
这位病人处于清醒状态。

The doctor diagnosed the patient's syndrome from the test results.
医生是根据对病人的检验结果做出诊断的。

After diagnosing the patient's disease, these doctors discussed how to treat it.
医生们经过对这个病人的病情诊断之后, 就讨论如何治疗的问题。

The instruments monitor the patient's heartbeats.
这些仪器监测着病人的心跳。

If the doctor makes a wrong diagnosis, he will not be able to give the patient the right treatment.
医生如诊断失误,就不可能给病人以正确的治疗。

A patient should usually listen to his doctor's advice and act upon it.
一般说来,病人应该听从医生的劝告,并照医生的意见做。

After evaluating the patient's condition, the doctor decided to try a new drug.
对病人的病情进行检查以后,医生决定试用一种新药。

Now the patient can transfer from the wheelchair to seat with relative freedom.
现在病人能比较容易地从轮椅转到坐凳上。

Thanks to the successful surgery, the patient recovers quickly.
由于手术成功,病人恢复得很快。

The patient's condition is serious; surgery is needed.
病人的情况很严重,需要做手术。

The doctor's dilemma was whether he should tell the patient the truth.
医生的难处是该不该告诉病人实情。

A good doctor should always concern himself with the health of his patients.
好的医生应该随时关心病人的健康。

Things will work out well if you will just be patient.
如果你耐心点, 事情会有个圆满的结果的。

Be patient. These are just routine methods.
耐心一点, 这些只不过是例行程序。

The surgeon completed a successful operation on the patient.
这位外科医生成功地给那病人做了手术。

The doctor asked the patient to strip.
医生让病人脱去衣服。

The doctor's motive was to bring an end to his patient's suffering.
医生的目的是结束病人的痛苦。

A survey conducted in Britain confirmed that an abnormally high percentage of patients suffering from arthritis of the spine who had been treated with X rays contracted cancer.
在英国进行的一项调查证实经常接受X光照射的脊椎关节炎患者癌症的百分比高得不正常。

We found out that patients who had been dealt with openly and frankly were better able to cope with the approach of death and finally to reach a true stage of acceptance prior to death.
我们发现那些被公开坦诚地对待的病人在对待死亡的临近和接受死亡的问题上处理得更好。

This patient requires intensive care.
该病人需要加强护理。

The operation is a success and now the patient is out of danger.
手术成功了,病人现在已脱离危险。

The patient has a mild fever.
那个病人有些轻微的发烧。

I think I am quite a patient person.
我认为我是一个相当有耐心的人。

The patient finally died from cancer.
那位病人最终死于癌症。

Sometimes the patient cried for the pain.
有时这个病人疼得哭起来。

The patient is too weak to speak.
病人太衰弱了,不能说话。

What I have done is due to patient thought.
我的成就是由于坚忍地思索。

In silence, in steadiness, in severe abstraction, let him hold by him-delf, add observation to observation, patient of neglect, patient of reproach , and bide his own time , happy enough if he can satisfy himself alone that thia day he has seen something truly.
Ralph Waldo Emersom, American thihker
学者应该高度集中精力,坚定信仰与追求,坚持缄默,继续观察。他要忍耐人们的忽视与责备,等待自己因为发现了某些真理而满怀欣喜的时机。
美国思想家爱默生.R.W.

One of the symptoms of approaching nervous breakdown is the belief that one's .work is terribly important, and that to take a holiday would bring all kinds of disaster, If I were a medical man , I should precribe a holiday to many patient who consicered his work important.
Bernard Russell, British philosopher
神经即将崩溃的症状之一是相信自己的工作极端重要,休假将会带来种种灾难。如果我是医生,我给这样的病人开的药方是:休假。
英国哲学家罗素.B.

Prosperity doth best discover vice, but adversity doth discover virtue.
Francis Bacon, British Philosopher
顺境时显现恶习,逆境时凸现美德
Rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation.
John dennedy, American president
从希望中得到欢乐,在苦难中保持坚韧。
美国总统肯尼迪J

jump the gun草率行事
Don't jump the gun. We have to be patient for a while.
不要草率行事。我们应该耐心等一会儿。

- get up the nerve to...鼓起勇气去……
The patient got up the nerve to ask the doctor how long he could live in the world.

- Be touch and go 万分危险
The patient is out of danger now, but it was touch and go for a while.

病号 patient

病人 patient; sick; invalid

病员 patient

艾滋病患者 [ài zī bìng huàn zhě] /AIDS patient/

辩证施治 [biàn zhèng shī zhì] /diagnosis and treatment based on an overall analysis of the illness and the patient's condition/

病号 [bìng hào] /sick personnel/person on the sick list/patient/

病家 [bìng jiā] /a patient and his family/

病况 [bìng kuàng] /state of an illness/patient's condition/

病情 [bìng qíng] /state of an illness/patient's condition/

病人 [bìng rén] /sick person/[medical] patient/invalid/

病势 [bìng shì] /degree of seriousness of an illness/patient's condition/

病员 [bìng yuán] /sick personnel/person on the sick list/patient/

补法 [bǔ fǎ] /treatment involving the use of tonics to restore the patient's health/reinforcing method (in acupuncture)/

患者 [huàn zhě] /patient/sufferer/

看病 [kàn bìng] /see a doctor/see a patient/

耐烦 [nài fán] /patient (adjective)/

耐心 [nài xīn] /patient (adjective)/

忍耐 [rěn nài] /endure/restrain oneself/exercise/patient/patience/

治病救人 [zhì bìng jiù rén] /cure the sickness to save the patient/criticize a person in order to help him/

Finally, because the ultimate stakeholders are patients, the health research community should actively recruit to its cause not only well-known personalities such as Stephen Cooper, who has made courageous statements about the value of animal research, but all who receive medical treatment.
最后,因为最终决定因素是病人,医疗研究机构不仅应该积极争取斯蒂芬·库柏这样的名人的支持——他对动物实验的价值勇敢地进行了肯定——而且应该争取所有接受治疗的病人的支持。

Physicians — frustrated by their inability to cure the disease and fearing loss of hope in the patient — too often offer aggressive treatment far beyond what is scientifically justified.
医生由于不能治愈疾病,同时又担心病人失去希望,常常采用极端大胆的治疗方法,这些方法远远超出了科学能够认同的界限。

The Supreme Court's decisions on physician-assisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering.
最高法庭关于医生协助病人结束生命问题的裁决,对于如何用药物减轻病危者的痛苦这个问题来说,具有重要的意义。

Doctors have used that principle in recent years to justify using high doses of morphine to control terminally ill patients' pain, even though increasing dosages will eventually kill the patient.
近年来,医生们一直在借用这项原则,为自己替病危患者注射大剂量的吗啡镇痛的做法提供正当的理由,尽管他们知道,不断增加的剂量最终会杀死病人。

Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who "until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient mediation to control their pain if that might hasten death."
蒙特非奥里医疗中心主任南希·都博勒认为,这项原则将消除部分医生的疑虑,这些医生在此之前一直强烈地认为,如果给病人充分的药品来止痛会加速他们的死亡的话工那就不能这样做。

George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death.
波士顿大学健康法律系主任乔治·安纳斯坚持认为,只要医生是出于合理的医疗目的开药,那么即使服用此药会加速病人的死亡,医生的行为也没有违法。
"It's like surgery," he says. "We don't call those deaths homicides because the doctors didn't intend to kill their patients, although they risked their death. If you're a physician, you can risk your patient's suicide as long as you don't intend their suicide."
“这就像做手术,”他说,“我们不能称那些死亡为杀人是因为医生并没有想杀死病人,尽管他们敢冒病人死亡的危险。假定你是一名医生,只要你并没有想让病人自杀,你就可以去冒你的病人自杀的风险。”

On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted-suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.
另一方面,许多医疗界人士承认,致使医助自杀这场争论升温的部分原因是由于病人们的绝望情绪,对这些病人来说,现代医学延长了临终前肉体的痛苦。

Annas says lawyers can play a key role in insisting that these well-meaning medical initiatives translate into better care.
安纳斯说,律师可以在要求把医疗界的这些善意的行为变成更好的护理行动方面发挥关键作用。
"Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering," to the extent that it constitutes "systematic patient abuse."
“不少医生对病人所遭受的毫无必要的,可预见的痛苦无动于衷”,乃至于已构成“蓄意虐待病人”。
He says medical licensing boards "must make it clear... that painful deaths are presumptively ones that are incompetently managed and should result in license suspension."
他说,行医资格理事会“必须明确表明——病人痛苦地死亡,可以推定,是由于医生处理不力造成的,应该因此吊销其从医资格”。

After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia's Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die.
经过6个月争论和最后16个小时的国会激烈辩论,澳大利亚北部地区(澳北州)成为世界上第一个允许医生根据绝症病人个人意愿来结束其生命的合法当局。

Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death — probably by a deadly injection or pill — to put an end to suffering.
根据澳北州所通过的这项新法案,成年病人可以要求安乐死——可能是通过注射致死药剂或服用致死药片——来结束痛苦。
The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by two doctors.
但此前病人必须由两名医生诊断其确实已病入膏肓,
After a "cooling off" period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met.
然后再经过7天的冷静思考期,方可签署一份申请证明。48小时后,才可以满足其安乐死的愿望。

{adj: acute} having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course
"acute appendicitis"
"the acute phase of the illness"
"acute patients"
<-> chronic

{adj: alert, awake} not unconscious; especially having become conscious
"the patient is now awake and alert"

{adj: ambulant, ambulatory} able to walk about
"the patient is ambulatory"

{adj: attentive} (often followed by `to') giving care or attention
"attentive to details"
"the nurse was attentive to her patient"
"an attentive suitor"
<-> inattentive

{adj: clinical} relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
"clinical observation"
"clinical case study"

{adj: comatose} in a state of deep and usually prolonged unconsciousness; unable to respond to external stimuli
"a comatose patient"

{adj: consumptive} afflicted with or associated with pulmonary tuberculosis
"a consumptive patient"
"a consumptive cough"

{adj: cured, healed, recovered} freed from illness or injury
"the patient appears cured"
"the incision is healed"
"appears to be entirely recovered"
"when the recovered patient tries to remember what occurred during his delirium"- Normon Cameron

{adj: dedifferentiated} having experienced or undergone dedifferentiation or the loss of specialization in form or function
"the hebephrenic--the most severely dedifferentiated of all schizophrenic patients"

{adj: diligent, persevering} quietly and steadily persevering especially in detail or exactness
"a diligent (or patient) worker"
"with persevering (or patient) industry she revived the failing business"

{adj: done, through, through with} having finished or arrived at completion
"certain to make history before he's done"
"it's a done deed"
"after the treatment, the patient is through except for follow-up"
"almost through with his studies"

{adj: dutiful, duteous} willingly obedient out of a sense of duty and respect
"a dutiful child"
"a dutiful citizen"
"Patient Griselda was a chaste and duteous wife";

{adj: forbearing, longanimous} showing patient and unruffled self-control and restraint under adversity; slow to retaliate or express resentment
"seemly and forbearing...yet strong enough to resist aggression"
"was longanimous in the face of suffering"

{adj: helpful} showing a willingness to cooperate
"a helpful cooperative patient"
"parents hope to raise children who are considerate and helpful to others"

{adj: immunotherapeutic} of or relating to immunotherapy
"various immunotherapeutic techniques have been employed with AIDS patients"

{adj: impatient} restless or short of temper under delay or opposition
"impatient with the slower students"
"impatient of criticism"
<-> patient

{adj: insensitive} deficient in human sensibility; not mentally or morally sensitive
"insensitive to the needs of the patients"
<-> sensitive

{adj: isolated, quarantined} under forced isolation especially for health reasons
"a quarantined animal"
"isolated patients"

{adj: kind} having or showing a tender and considerate and helpful nature; used especially of persons and their behavior
"kind to sick patients"
"a kind master"
"kind words showing understanding and sympathy"
"thanked her for her kind letter"
<-> unkind

{adj: medicolegal} pertaining to legal aspects of the practice of medicine (as malpractice or patient consent for operations or patient information)

{adj: mental} affected by a disorder of the mind
"a mental patient"
"mental illness"

{adj: moribund} being on the point of death; breathing your last
"a moribund patient"

{adj: passive} expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb
"academics seem to favor passive sentences"
<-> active

{adj: patient} enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance
"a patient smile"
"was patient with the children"
"an exact and patient scientist"
"please be patient"
<-> impatient

{adj: patient} enduring without protest or complaint

{adj: recrudescent} the revival of an unfortunate situation after a period of abatement
"the patient presented with a case of recrudescent gastralgia"

{adj: rickety, rachitic} affected with, suffering from, or characteristic of rickets
"rickety limbs and joints"
"a rachitic patient"

{adj: schizophrenic} suffering from some form of schizophrenia
"schizophrenic patients"

{adj: sclerotic, sclerosed} relating to or having sclerosis; hardened
"a sclerotic patient"

{adj: semiprivate} confined to a small number of hospital patients
"semiprivate room"

{adj: terminal} causing or ending in or approaching death
"a terminal patient"
"terminal cancer"

{adj: timely, seasonable, well-timed, well timed} done or happening at the appropriate or proper time
"a timely warning"
"with timely treatment the patient has a good chance of recovery"
"a seasonable time for discussion"
"the book's publication was well timed"

{adj: tolerant, patient of} showing the capacity for endurance
"injustice can make us tolerant and forgiving"
"a man patient of distractions"

{adj: tubercular, tuberculous} constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
"a tubercular child"
"tuberculous patients"
"tubercular meningitis"

{adv: expressly} with_specific_intentions; for the express purpose
"she needs the money expressly for her patients"

{adv: impersonally} without warmth
"he treated his patients impersonally"
<-> personally

{adv: intravenously} in an intravenous manner
"the patient had to be fed intravenously"

{adv: irregularly} in an irregular manner
"the patient is breathing irregularly"
<-> regularly

{adv: patiently, with patience} in a patient manner
"he patiently played with the child"
<-> impatiently

{adv: predominantly, preponderantly} much greater in number or influence
"the patients are predominantly indigenous"

{adv: serenely} in a peacefully serene manner
"I had the feeling that he was waiting, too--serenely patient"

{adv: under} into unconsciousness
"this will put the patient under"

{n: De Bakey, Michael Ellis De Bakey} United States heart surgeon who in 1966 implanted the first artificial heart in a human patient (born in 1908)

{n: Kernig's sign} symptom of meningitis; patient cannot extend the leg at the knee when the thigh is flexed because of stiffness in the hamstrings

{n: Lambert-Eaton syndrome, Eaton-Lambert syndrome, myasthenic syndrome, carcinomatous myopathy} a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back; caused by antibodies directed against the neuromuscular junctions

{n: affected role, patient role, patient} the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause

{n: aftercare} care and treatment of a convalescent patient

{n: almoner, medical social worker} an official in a British hospital who looks after the social and material needs of the patients

{n: anesthesiologist, anesthetist, anaesthetist} a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated

{n: artificial kidney, hemodialyzer} a machine that uses dialysis to remove impurities and waste products from the bloodstream before returning the blood to the patient's body

{n: autogenic therapy, autogenic training, autogenics} training patients in self-induced relaxation

{n: autoplasty} surgical repair by using tissue from another part of the patient's own body

{n: bedpan} a shallow vessel used by a bedridden patient for defecation and urination

{n: bedside manner} manner or conduct of a physician in the presence of a patient

{n: bedsore, pressure sore, decubitus ulcer} a chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)

{n: birth trauma} emotional injury inflicted on an infant by events incident to birth that is alleged to appear in symbolic form in patients with mental illness

{n: burn center} a center where patients with severe burns can be treated

{n: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease} a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers

{n: conduction aphasia, associative aphasia} aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard

{n: coronary care unit} a hospital unit specially staffed and equipped to treat patients with serious cardiac problems

{n: couch} a narrow bed on which a patient lies during psychiatric or psychoanalytic treatment

{n: countertransference} the psychoanalyst's displacement of emotion onto the patient or more generally the psychoanalyst's emotional involvement in the therapeutic interaction

{n: crepitation rale} the crackling sound heard on auscultation when patients with respiratory diseases inhale; associated with tuberculosis and pneumonia and congestive heart failure

{n: crisis} a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something
"after the crisis the patient either dies or gets better"

{n: desensitization, desensitisation} the process of reducing sensitivity
"the patient was desensitized to the allergen"

{n: detox} the hospital ward or clinic in which patients are detoxified

{n: distress} extreme physical pain
"the patient appeared to be in distress"

{n: doctor-patient relation} the responsibility of a physician to act in the best interests of the patient

{n: doctor} children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office
"the children explored each other's bodies by playing the game of doctor"

{n: domestic ass, donkey, Equus asinus} domestic beast of burden descended from the African wild ass; patient but stubborn

{n: drape} a sterile covering arranged over a patient's body during a medical examination or during surgery in order to reduce the possibility of contamination

{n: emesis basin} a basin used by bedridden patients for vomiting

{n: encainide, Enkaid} antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Enkaid) used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias but increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients

{n: evisceration} surgical removal of an organ (or the contents of an organ) from a patient

{n: example, illustration, instance, representative} an item of information that is representative of a type
"this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome"
"there is an example on page 10"

{n: eye bank} a place for storing and preserving corneas that are obtained from human corpses immediately after death; used for corneal transplantation to patients with corneal defects

{n: eye clinic} a clinic where specialist care for a patient's eyes

{n: faith, trust} complete confidence in a person or plan etc
"he cherished the faith of a good woman"
"the doctor-patient relationship is based on trust"

{n: family history} part of a patient's medical history in which questions are asked in an attempt to find out whether the patient has hereditary tendencies toward particular diseases

{n: flecainide, Tambocor} oral antiarrhythmic medication (trade name Tambocor) used as a last resort in treating arrhythmias; increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients

{n: follow-up, followup, reexamination, review} a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment

{n: funny wagon} an ambulance used to transport patients to a mental hospital

{n: graft, transplant} (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient

{n: grand mal, generalized seizure, epilepsia major} a seizure (or a type of epilepsy characterized by such seizures) during which the patient becomes unconscious and has convulsions over the entire body

{n: health, wellness} a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
"physicians should be held responsible for the health of their patients"
<-> illness, unwellness

{n: high-vitamin diet, vitamin-deficiency diet} a diet designed to patients with vitamin deficiencies

{n: hospital room} a room in a hospital for the care of patients

{n: hospital, infirmary} a health facility where patients receive treatment

{n: hospitalization insurance, hospitalization} insurance that pays all or part of a patient's hospital expense

{n: hospitalization} a period of time when you are confined to a hospital
"now they try to shorten the patient's hospitalization"

{n: hospitalization} the condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital
"he hoped to avoid the expense of hospitalization"

{n: house physician, resident, resident physician} a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital
"the resident was receiving special clinical training at the hospital"

{n: hyalinization, hyalinisation} the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline
"the patient's arterioles showed marked hyalinization"

{n: hypochondriac} a patient with imaginary symptoms and ailments

{n: informed consent} consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved

{n: inpatient, inmate} a patient who is residing in the hospital where he is being treated
<-> outpatient

{n: intensive care} close monitoring and constant medical care of patients with life-threatening conditions

{n: iron lung} respirator that produces alternations in air pressure in a chamber surrounding a patient's chest to force air into and out of the lungs thus providing artificial respiration

{n: ketamine, ketamine hydrochloride, Ketalar} a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP

{n: laying on of hands} the application of a faith healer's hands to the patient's body

{n: life-support system, life support} medical equipment that assists or replaces important bodily functions and so enables a patient to live who otherwise might not survive
"the patient is on life support"

{n: litany} any long and tedious address or recital
"the patient recited a litany of complaints"
"a litany of failures"

{n: long-sufferance, long-suffering} patient endurance of pain or unhappiness

{n: medical history, medical record, anamnesis} the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient

{n: medical relation} the professional relation between a health care professional and a patient

{n: medical report} a report of the results of a medical examination of a patient

{n: meekness, subduedness} a disposition to be patient and long suffering

{n: meekness, submission} the feeling of patient submissive humbleness

{n: nuclear medicine} the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a patient's body or to destroy diseased cells

{n: nurse-patient relation} the responsibility of a nurse to act in the best interests of the patient

{n: observation, observance, watching} the act of observing; taking a patient look

{n: occupational therapy} physical therapy involving the therapeutic use of crafts and hobbies for the rehabilitation of handicapped or convalescing patients (especially for emotionally disturbed patients)

{n: operating table} table on which the patient lies during a surgical operation

{n: opportunistic infection} any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)

{n: orderly, hospital attendant} a male hospital attendant who has general duties that do not involve the medical treatment of patients

{n: orthochorea} a form of chorea in which spasms occur mainly when the patient is erect

{n: outpatient} a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated
<-> inpatient

{n: packed cells} a preparation of blood cells separated from the liquid plasma
"packed cells are given to severely anemic patients in order to avoid overloading the circulatory system with too much fluid"

{n: pain, hurting} a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
"the patient developed severe pain and distension"

{n: paranoid schizophrenia, paranoic type schizophrenia, paraphrenic schizophrenia, paraphrenia} a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner

{n: patient} a person who requires medical care
"the number of emergency patients has grown rapidly"

{n: phase IV clinical trials, phase IV} sometimes the FDA approves a drug for general use but requires the manufacturer to continue to monitor its effects; during this phase the drug may be tried on slightly different patient populations than those studied in earlier trials

{n: physician-patient privilege} the right of a physician to refuse to divulge confidential information from a patient without the consent of the patient

{n: prescription} written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient

{n: primary health care} health care that is provided by a health care professional in the first contact of a patient with the health care system

{n: psychosurgery} brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems

{n: quarantine} enforced isolation of patients suffering from a contagious disease in order to prevent the spread of disease

{n: radioactive iodine test} test of thyroid function in which the patient is give an oral does of radioactive iodine-131

{n: recovery room} a hospital room for the care of patients immediately after surgery

{n: referral} a recommendation to consult the (professional) person referred to
"this patient is a referral from Dr. Bones"

{n: refrigeration} deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes
"refrigeration by immersing the patient's body in a cold bath"

{n: ring vaccination} administering vaccine only to people in close contact with an isolated infected patient; prevents the spread of a highly infectious disease by surrounding the patient with a ring of immunization

{n: saddle block anesthesia, saddle block anaesthesia} the parts of a patient's body that would touch a saddle if the patient were sitting in one are anesthetized by injecting a local anesthetic into the spinal cord

{n: sequence, chronological sequence, succession, successiveness, chronological succession} a following of one thing after another in time
"the doctor saw a sequence of patients"

{n: sufferance} patient endurance especially of pain or distress

{n: symptom} (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease

{n: tapotement} massage in which the body is tapped rhythmically with the fingers or with short rapid movements of the sides of the hand; used to loosen mucus on the chest walls of patients with bronchitis

{n: tardive dyskinesia} involuntary rolling of the tongue and twitching of the face or trunk or limbs; often occurs in patients with Parkinsonism who are treated with phenothiazine

{n: therapeutic cloning, biomedical cloning} nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an oocyte from which immune-compatible cells (especially stem cells) can be derived for transplant

{n: token economy} a form of behavior therapy that has been used in some mental institutions; patients are rewarded with tokens for appropriate behavior and the tokens may be cashed in for valued rewards

{n: treadmill test} a stress test in which the patient walks on a moving treadmill while the heart and breathing rates are monitored

{n: tyramine} amino acid derived from tyrosine; has a sympathomimetic action; found in chocolate and cola drinks and ripe cheese and beer
"patients taking MAOIs should avoid foods containing tyramine"

{n: vaccinee} a patient who has been vaccinated

{n: ward, hospital ward} block forming a division of a hospital (or a suite of rooms) shared by patients who need a similar kind of care
"they put her in a 4-bed ward"

{v: anesthetize, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anaesthetise, put to sleep, put under, put out} make unconscious by means of anesthetic drugs
"The patient must be anesthetized before the operation"
<-> bring to

{v: bleed, leech, phlebotomize, phlebotomise} draw blood
"In the old days, doctors routinely bled patients as part of the treatment"

{v: break} diminish or discontinue abruptly
"The patient's fever broke last night"

{v: breathe, take a breath, respire, suspire} draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs
"I can breathe better when the air is clean"
"The patient is respiring"

{v: bring around, cure, heal} provide a cure for, make healthy again
"The treatment cured the boy's acne"
"The quack pretended to heal patients but never managed to"

{v: call in} summon to enter
"The nurse called in the next patient"

{v: catheterize, catheterise} insert a catheter into (a body part)
"cathererize the patient's bladder"

{v: come to, revive, resuscitate} return to consciousness
"The patient came to quickly"
"She revived after the doctor gave her an injection"

{v: commit suicide} kill oneself
"the terminally ill patient committed suicide"

{v: convulse, thresh, thresh about, thrash, thrash about, slash, toss, jactitate} move or stir about violently
"The feverish patient thrashed around in his bed"

{v: cup, transfuse} treat by applying evacuated cups to the patient's skin

{v: defibrillate} stop the fibrillation and restore normal contractions, usually by means of electric shocks
"The patient's heart had to be defibrillated to save his life"

{v: die, decease, perish, go, exit, pass away, expire, pass} pass from physical life and lose all all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
"She died from cancer"
"They children perished in the fire"
"The patient went peacefully"
<-> be born

{v: digitalize} administer digitalis such that the patient benefits maximally without getting adverse effects

{v: disturb} damage as if by shaking or jarring
"Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!"

{v: dress, get dressed} put on clothes
"we had to dress quickly"
"dress the patient"
"Can the child dress by herself?"
<-> undress

{v: drink, imbibe} take in liquids
"The patient must drink several liters each day"
"The children like to drink soda"

{v: ebb} fall away or decline
"The patient's strength ebbed away"

{v: gestate, conceive, conceptualize, conceptualise} have the idea for
"He conceived of a robot that would help paralyzed patients"
"This library was well conceived"

{v: give} estimate the duration or outcome of something
"He gave the patient three months to live"
"I gave him a very good chance at success"

{v: grow, develop, produce, get, acquire} come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes)
"He grew a beard"
"The patient developed abdominal pains"
"I got funny spots all over my body"
"Well-developed breasts"

{v: hack, whoop} cough spasmodically
"The patient with emphysema is hacking all day"

{v: help, aid} improve the condition of
"These pills will help the patient"

{v: hoist} move from one place to another by lifting
"They hoisted the patient onto the operating table"

{v: hyperventilate} produce hyperventilation in
"The nurses had to hyperventilate the patient"

{v: inhale, inspire, breathe in} draw in (air)
"Inhale deeply"
"inhale the fresh mountain air"
"The patient has trouble inspiring"
"The lung cancer patient cannot inspire air very well"
<-> exhale

{v: inject, shoot} give an injection to
"We injected the glucose into the patient's vein"

{v: jerk, twitch} move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions
"The patient's legs were jerkings"

{v: lay, put down, repose} put in a horizontal position
"lay the books on the table"
"lay the patient carefully onto the bed"

{v: lock} become rigid or immoveable
"The therapist noticed that the patient's knees tended to lock in this exercise"
<-> unlock

{v: metastasize, metastasise} spread throughout the body
"the cancer had metastasized and the patient could not be saved"

{v: necessitate, ask, postulate, need, require, take, involve, call for, demand} require as useful, just, or proper
"It takes nerve to do what she did"
"success usually requires hard work"
"This job asks a lot of patience and skill"
"This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"
"This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"
"This intervention does not postulates a patient's consent"
<-> obviate

{v: opacify} become opaque
"the tissue in the eye's cornea may opacify and the patient may go blind"

{v: operate on, operate} perform surgery on
"The doctors operated ont he patient but failed to save his life"

{v: palpate, feel} examine (a body part) by palpation
"The nurse palpated the patient's stomach"
"The runner felt her pulse"

{v: prolong, sustain, keep up} lengthen or extend in duration or space
"We sustained the diplomatic negociations as long as possible"
"prolong the treatment of the patient"
"keep up the good work"

{v: purge} excrete or evacuate (someone's bowels or body)
"The doctor decided that the patient must be purged"

{v: recuperate, recover, convalesce} get over an illness or shock
"The patient is recuperating"
<-> deteriorate

{v: refer} send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision
"refer a patient to a specialist"


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