英语学习词典
  

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close [ kləuz, kləus] vt.关,闭;结束

close about 围住,包围

close down (工厂等)关闭,倒闭

close in 包围;迫近;渐短

close up 关闭;堵塞;靠近

come to a close 结束,终止

draw to a close 渐近结束

draw to a close 结束;终结

close down 停止播送;控制

close in 包围;(昼,夜)逐渐变短

close one's ears to 掩耳不听

close over 淹没;封盖;遮蔽

close up (伤口)愈合;停业

close with 靠近,逼近;接受

close [kləus] a. 亲密的;近,靠近 ad. 近,靠近

close [kləuz] vt. 关,关闭

Close [kləuz, kləus] 关闭

closed [kləuzd] a.关闭的,闭迹

闭关政策 closed-door policy

闭卷 closed-book exam

封闭式基金 close-ended fund

禁渔期 closed fishing seasons

渐近尾声 draw to a close

建/平仓 open/close a position

期末存货 closing stock

收盘价 closing price

三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

Close-Circuit Television 闭路电视

Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber
单间闭室内锥形辐射源的烟尘灰暗度的标准测试方法

for more specialized work 为更专门的工作
for prospects of promotion 为晋升的前途
for higher responsibility 为更高层次的工作责任
for wider experience 为扩大工作经验
due to close-down of company 由于公司倒闭
due to expiry of employment 由于雇用期满
offered a more challenging opportunity 获得的更有挑战性的工作机会
sought a better job 找到了更好的工作
to look for a more challenging opportunity 找一个更有挑战性的工作机会
to seek a better job 找一份更好的工作

close-down sale:(店关闭前的)大甩卖

close relationship 密切的关系

I want to close my account with you.
我想结束在你们这儿的帐户。

to close an account, to clear an account 结清

Closed 下班

close shave (close call) 千钧一发

Road closed 此路封闭

Certain stations are closed on public holidays. 假日某些车站关闭

To ensure punctuality, this barrier may be closed up to one minute prior to departure of each train 为确保准时发车,此门在发车前一分钟关闭。

Stay close 跟紧

Closing sale 关门大甩卖

Footpath closed. 步行路关闭

Close the door behind you 请随手关门

Please close the door on leaving 离开时请关门

Please ensure that this door is closed top & bottom 请确保此门上下关紧。

This till position is closed. 此取款机停止使用

Easy access to… Close to city center.
紧靠市中心,去……交通便利,。

close-up, close shot 特写,近景

closed-end securities investment fund 封闭式证券投资基金;

due to close-down of company 由于公司倒闭

粮食收购资金实行封闭运行 closed operation of grain purchase funds

closing a sale 结束销售

清洁帐目; 与... 停止交易 to close one's account with

结帐 to close an account

支票交换时间已过 account closed

封闭式基金 Closed-end Fund

closed file
封存档案

closing date
截止日期

close of session 会期终结

closed-door discussion 闭门会谈

closing speech [National People's Congress] 闭幕词〔全国人民代表大会〕

CMM(Closed Mould Moulding) 闭合模塑

1. Good to the last drop.
  滴滴香浓,意犹未尽。(麦斯威尔咖啡)
  
2. Obey your thirst.
  服从你的渴望。(雪碧)
 
3. The new digital era.
  数码新时代。(索尼影碟机)
  
4. We lead. Others copy.
  我们领先,他人仿效。(理光复印机)
  
5. Impossible made possible.
  使不可能变为可能。(佳能打印机)
  
6. Take time to indulge.
  尽情享受吧!(雀巢冰激凌)
  
7. The relentless pursuit of perfection.
  不懈追求完美。 (凌志轿车)
  
8. Poetry in motion, dancing close to me.
  动态的诗,向我舞近。(丰田汽车)
  
9. Come to where the flavor is. Marlboro Country.  
  光临风韵之境——万宝路世界。(万宝路香烟)
  
10.To me, the past is black and white, but the future is always color.  
 
  对我而言,过去平淡无奇;而未来,却是绚烂缤纷。(轩尼诗酒)
  
Just do it.
  只管去做。(耐克运动鞋)
  
Ask for more.
  渴望无限。(百事流行鞋)
  
The taste is great.
  味道好极了。(雀巢咖啡)
  
Feel the new space.
  感受新境界。(三星电子)
  
Intelligence everywhere.
  智慧演绎,无处不在。(摩托罗拉手机)
  
The choice of a new generation.
  新一代的选择。(百事可乐)
  
We integrate, you communicate.
  我们集大成,您超越自我。(三菱电工)
  
Take TOSHIBA, take the world.
  拥有东芝,拥有世界。(东芝电子)
  
Let’s make things better.  
  让我们做得更好。(飞利浦电子)
  
No business too small, no problem too big.  
  没有不做的小生意,没有解决不了的大问题。 (IBM公司)

closing balance 期末差额

Closed 封闭的

closed account 已结帐户

closed corporation 封闭式公司

closed economy 封闭经济

closed-end mortgage 限额型抵押

closed-end mutual fund 限额共同基金

Closing 结算,结帐,收盘

closing account 结帐,结算

closing cost 成交价

closing inventory 期末存货

closing of the exchange 交易所收盘

closing price 收盘价格

closing the transaction 交易结束

closed economy 闭关自守经济

closing price 收盘价格

封闭喷射室
closed spray chamber

闭合环
closed ring

闭式曲轴箱通风装置
closed-crankcase ventilating system

闭式喷嘴
closed nozzle

曲轴箱双通风系统
crankcase closed system

厢式小客车
closed car

It's closing time.
打烊了。

That is a good book which is opened with expectation and closed with profit.
使人怀着期待打开、带着收益合上的书就是好书。

Children need a close physical contact with a caring adult.
孩子在身体上需要成年人的亲密爱抚。

She paid close attention to the details.
她特别注意细节。

You can refer to your close family, especially your mother and father, as your folks.
你可以说你的家人,尤其是父母,是你的亲属。

You can refer to your close family, especially your mother and father, as your folks.
你可以把你的家人,尤其是父母,说成是你的亲属。

The citizens in the neighborhood all clapped for the local government's decision to close the small paint factory.
附近的居民们一致赞成市政府关于关闭这座小印染厂的决定。

They closed the windows in expectation of rain.
他们预料天要下雨, 就关上了窗户。

The discussion (the subject being important) was completed, and the chairman declared the meeting closed.
讨论一完(讨论的问题很重要), 主席就宣布会议结束。

We closed our offices at 2:00 p.m. to give employees time to absorb the bad news.
我们下午两点就下班了, 让雇员们有时间去思考这个坏消息。

Unless we receive more financial assistance from the government, the school will have to close.
如果我们得不到政府更多的财政援助,这个学校就得停办。

Money problems place great stress on close family relationships.
钱的问题给亲密的家庭关系带来很大压力。

One lane is closed while the workers are paving the road.
路上的一条车道在工人铺路期间关闭了。

Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives.
我们不仅丢了所有的钱,而且还差点丢了性命。

Every bank pays close attention to the speed and accuracy of its staff.
每个银行都密切关注其职员的工作速度和准确性。

Suddenly, amid the noise, the chairman of the meeting brought the proceedings to a close.
在一片嘈杂声中,会议主席突然结束了会议议项。

Would you mind closing the window for me?
能帮我关一下窗户吗?(你介意关下窗户吗?)

Close the door after you, please. 请随手关门。

The population of the city is close to a million.这个城市的人口接近一百万。

The historian Frederick J. Tuner wrote in the 1890’s that the agrarian discontent that had been developing steadily in the United States since about 1870 had been precipitated by the closing of the internal frontier—that is , the depletion of available new land needed for further expansion of the American farming system.
历史学家Frederick J Tuner在19世纪90年代写道:自1870年以来美国农民的不满一直在缓慢增长,直到1870年关闭了内部前沿以后就被加速了——就是说,用于扩张农业系统的新土地资源已经枯竭了。

In the old days, children were familiar with birth and death as part of life. This is perhaps the first generation of American youngsters who have never been close by during the birth of a baby and have never experienced the death of a family member.
在过去,孩子们对出生和死亡非常熟悉,是他们生活的一部分。现在的孩子也许是从未目睹婴儿的降生和亲人的死亡的第一代美国人。

If you close your eyes, you can't see anything.
如果你闭上眼睛,就什么也看不见了。

He closed his speech with a funny joke.
他用一则有趣的笑话结束了演讲。

He soon brought the meeting to a close.
他很快就结束了会见。

The church is close to the school.
教堂在学校附近。

The closing music fades out when the hero rides off into the sunset.
当男主角策马向夕阳驰去时,尾声音乐逐渐消失。

That was a close finish!
比赛几乎分不出胜负!

That shop closed at midnight.
那家商店营业到午夜十二点。

This work will hardly stand close examination.
这种作品很难经得起认真的检验。

Please close the window.
请把窗户关上。

They keep close touch with me.
他们和我保持密切联系。

The soldiers were keeping close watch over the enemies.
士兵们严密注意着敌人的行动。

我首先想到的是我妻子。
I think of my wife first.
My wife is very important to me.
I'm very close to my wife.

Don't you think it necessary to have a close study of the contract to avoid anything missing?
你不觉得应该仔细检查一下合同,以免遗漏什么吗?

Packing has a close bearing on sales.
包装直接关系到产品的销售。

near 与 near by:
near 是介系词(preposition)通常後面跟受词(object),但是 near by(或 nearby)当形容词(adjective)意思是指「附近」(=close),只指某一地方(somewhere),没有特定地点(no specific location)。
* The school is near the railway station. (学校在火车站附近。)
* The post office and library are near by. (邮局和图书馆都在附近。)
可见 near by(或 nearby)通常後面不加受词,不然就显得 awkward 了。所以很少人说:
* I ate at a near restaurant. 不过可以说:
* I ate at a nearby restaurant.; 或
* The restaurant where I ate is nearby.(不过也有老外用 near)

school is open 与 the school is open:
school is open (或 schools are open) 是指「学校开学」(classes are in session),这里的 open 是形容词,school 前面不加冠词 the,意味整个中小学的 school system。但是 the school is open,多指学校的建筑物开放著,但没有学生上课。
同理:He goes to school. 是指他去上学读书受教育,而 He goes to the school. 又指他去学校的建筑物(看朋友、参观等)。
至於 School is closed.(或 Schools are closed.) 是指「学校停课」,前面也不加 the。
注意:close 当形容词时,也有「附近」(nearby) 或「友善」(friendly) 的意思。 例如:
* The school is close(=nearby).(学校在附近。)
* That is a close neighborhood.(那是一个友善的住宅区),而 The school is opened at 8 a.m.; 或
* The school is closed at 5 p.m.(都是指学校的建筑物开放或关闭的时间。)
但是 The store is open. 是指店铺在营业中(= Business is going on.),而 The store is closed. 又是指店铺暂时不营业。
假如店铺是永久性的「关门大吉」,就应该说:
* The store was closed down. (permanently)
不过 closed 当形容词时,又有「保守」(conservative)或受某种「限制」(restricted)的意思。 例如:
* This is a closed community.(这是一个保守的社区。)(由於宗教信仰等原因,美国有的社区不欢迎外来的人。)

你们几点营业/打烊?
What time do you open/close?

A close mouth catches no flies.
病从口入,祸从口出。

A wise head makes a close mouth.
智者寡言。

That is a good book which is opened with expectation and closed with profit.
好书开卷引人入胜,闭卷使人得益。

I can assure you of our close cooperation.
我保证通力合作。

Don't you think it necessary to have a close study of the contract to avoid anything missing?
你不觉得应该仔细检查一下合同,以免遗漏什么吗?

That was a close call.
太危险了/千钧一发

A So, you are from Los Angeles?
A 那么,你是洛杉矶人了?
B No, that’s where my older brother lives now. He’s in Los Angeles. But I’m from San Francisco.
B 不,那是我的哥哥住的地方。他在洛杉矶。但是我是旧金山人。
A And that’s where your parents and younger brother live?
A 你的父母和弟弟住在旧金山?
B Yes, my parents live in San Francisco. It’s our hometown.
B 是的, 我的父母住在旧金山。那里是我们的家乡。
A Los Angeles isn’t too far from there. Your older brother is quite near.
A 洛杉矶离旧金山不远。你的哥哥离那里很近。
B Yes, LA and San Francisco are pretty close. It’s not a big trip.
B 是的, 洛杉矶和旧金山相当近。一小段路程而已。

Very close and trusted friends share confidences candidly. They feel secure that they will not be ridiculed of derided ,and their confidences will be honored.
Robert Louis Steveson, British novelist and poet
亲密而互相信任的朋友之间彼此赤诚相见,他们不会被戏弄和嘲笑,因而心理踏实无虑,他们之间这种信任会受到尊重。
英国小说家、诗人史蒂文森.R.L.

With close friends in their lives ,people develop courage and positive attitudes.Teenagers have the moral support to assert their individuality;the elderly approach their advanced years with optimism and an interest in life.
Ralph Waldo Emerson. American thinker
生活中有挚友,人们就能鼓起勇气,变得积极。年经人就有精神支柱来表现自己的个性;中老年人则会怀着乐观主义和生活情趣步入晚年。
美国思想家爱默生R.W.

@@@ 结束, 完成
all over 1.全部结束; 完蛋
be finished with 完成
bring an end to ... & bring ... to an end 使...终止
bring off 救出; 圆满完成
come out 1.出版, 刊出
2.结束; 结果是
come to an end 告终, 结束; 完结
culminate in 达到高潮, 顶点; 以...告终
dash off 迅速写(或画); 迅速完成
draw to a close 结束, 终结
drink up 喝干净, 喝完
end in 结束于, 以...告终
end up 1.结束, 停止
2.到达某处或某种状态, 结果, 到头来
finish up 彻底完成, 结束
get (sth.) over with 结束(不愉快的事)
get out of the way 解决, 完成; 除去
get over 1.从(疾病、震惊等)中恢复过来
2.做完, 结束(不愉快但必须做的事)
get through 1.读(写、做)完
2.打通电话
go/be through with 结束; 完成
go through 1.穿过
2.完成; 用光, 耗尽
2.各处, 到处
put an end to 停止, 结束; 摧毁
run out (of) 用完, 没有了; 耗尽
run out of time 用完全部时间, 没有时间了
rush through 快速地做, 匆忙完成
turn in 交, 缴(完成的工作)
wind up 1.以...为结尾, 落得...的结果
2.结束, 完成
wrap up 完成(任务), (圆满)结束

@@@ 关闭
close down 关闭; 停止运行
go out of business 停业; 关门; 倒闭
shut down 关闭; 停业
shut out (of) 排除; 遮住; 关在外头
turn down 1.关小, 调低
2.拒绝
turn off 关掉(开关), 关上

up : 完成,结束(expressing completeness and finality)
finish up 完成
drink up 喝干
eat up 吃光
burn up 烧光
wash up 洗净
use up 用光
fill up 装满
pay up 付清
settle up 解决
lick up 甜净
sum up 总结,
open up 透露
end up 结束
let up 中止, 减少
draw up 停止
close up 停止,关闭
swallow up 吞没
beat up 痛打
cover up 掩盖
break up 结束,分解
wind up 结束

down : 停止,减弱(to a state of less activity, force, strength and power)
close down 关闭
drop down 突然停止
break down 坏了,中止
run down 停止
settle down 平静下来
cool down 冷静下来
turn down 拒绝
die down 停止
lay down 失望
put down 镇压 4) 紧紧地,牢牢地(firmly, tightly)
fasten down 系牢
chain down 链住,栓住
clamp down 夹住
nail down 钉住
pin down 扣牢
hammer down 钉上
tie down 栓住
bind down 捆绑
draw down 停下来

in : 包围,关闭(to be surrounded, or enclosed)
close in 包围,封闭
lock in 禁闭
shut in 关进
wall in 围住

When is the store closing?
这家店什么时候结束营业?

close shave (close call) 千钧一发

"Two other governors have already announced that they will run for president in the next election but the governor of our state is still keeping his plans close to his vest -- nobody is sure what he will do."
“另外又有两位州长宣布他们决定参加下一届的总统竞选。可是我们的州长还是对他的计划保密,谁也不知道他究竟参不参加。”

"John, keep this close to your vest but I want to tell you our company is going to merge with a big New York Corporation -- they'll announce it sometime next week."
“约翰,我要告诉你,我们的公司要和纽约的一家大公司合并了,他们下星期内就要宣布。不过你知道就行了,不要往外说。”

a close(narrow) shave 侥幸的脱险

- break ranks with someone 与……分道扬镳
反义词为:close ranks with someone
People within one party gradually had conflicts on some political issues. Some of them decided to break ranks with others and set up a new party.

Packing has a close bearing on sales.
包装直接关系到产品的销售。

Moreover, We've kept the price close to the costs of production.
再说,这已经把价格压到生产费用的边缘了。

Packing has a close bearing on sales.
包装对产品的销路有很大关系。

Business is closed at this price.
交易就按此价敲定。

停办 close down

close; shut

闭合 close

倒闭 go into liquidation; close down

封闭 occlude; obturate; seal; close

关闭 padlock; closedown; closure; hem; imprison; occlude; shut down; close

查封 close down; seal up

A: What hotel are you staying at?
A: 你住在哪家酒店?
B: The Beijing Hotel.
B: 北京饭店。
A: Ah, it’s very good. Do you like it?
A: 啊,北京饭店很好。你喜欢那里吗?
B: Yes, it’s excellent. It’s very central. And it’s convenient for the shops on Wangfujing Street.
B: 是的,北京饭店好极了。它在市中心,从那里到王府井大街上的商店非常方便。
A: And it’s easy for all the tourist sights. The Forbidden City and Tian’anmen Square are very close.
A: 从那里去所有的旅游景点都很容易。那里离故宫和天安门广场很近。
B: Yes, just a short walk.
B: 是的,只需走不远的一段路。
A: I’m glad you like it.
A: 我很高兴你喜欢那里。

If you want to know whether something is open or closed, you can ask: Do you know if it’s open? / Do you know if it’s open: or – Is it open? / Is it open?
如果你想知道某场所是开门还是关门,你可以问:: Do you know if it’s open? / 你知道它是否开着吗?: 或者 – Is it open? / 它开着吗?

Again, if you want to know whether something (e.g. a shop, a restaurant, an office) is open or closed, you can say: Is it open? / Is it open?
如果你想知道某个场所(如商店,餐馆,办公室)是开着还是关着, 可以说:Is it open? /它开着吗?

挨近 [āi jìn] /get close to/be near to/

八九不离十 [bā jiǔ bù lí shí] /pretty close/very near/about right/

逼 [bī] /close to/compel/

逼 [bī] /force/compel/drive/press for/extort/press on towards/press up to/close in on/close/

逼近 [bī jìn] /press on towards/close in on/approach/draw near/

逼视 [bī shì] /look at from close-up/watch intently/

逼肖 [bī xiào] /bear a close resemblance to/be the very image of/

闭 [bì] /to close/stop up/shut/obstruct/

闭关政策 [bì guān zhèng cè] /closed-door policy/

闭关自守 [bì guān zì shǒu] /close the country to international intercourse/

闭合 [bì hé] /close/

闭会 [bì huì] /close a meeting/

闭门造车 [bì mén zào chē] /make a cart behind closed doors/work behind closed doors/divorce oneself from the masses and from reality and act blindly/

闭幕式 [bì mù shì] /(n) closing cermonies/

闭塞 [bì sè] /stop up/close up/hard to get to/out of the way/inaccessible/unenlightened/blocking/

闭音节 [bì yīn jié] /closed syllable/

闭元音 [bì yuán yīn] /close vowel/

濒临 [bīn lín] /on the verge of/close to/

不大离儿 [bù dà lí er ] /pretty close/just about right/not bad/

不离儿 [bù lí er ] /not bad/pretty good/pretty close/

倒闭 [dǎo bì] /to go bankrupt/to close down/

封闭 [fēng bì] /(v) close or seal up/

附 [fù] /to add/to attach/to be close to/to be attached/

关 [guān] /(surname)/mountain pass/to close/to shut/to turn off/to concern/to involve/

关闭 [guān bì] /close/shut/

关门 [guān mén] /close down/closed doors/

关注 [guān zhù] /follow (an issue) closely/to pay close attention to/

缄 [jiān] /letters/to close/seal/

将近 [jiāng jìn] /almost/nearly/close to/

接近 [jiē jìn] /near/close to/

结束 [jié shù] /termination/to finish/to end/to conclude/to close/

结算 [jié suàn] /(v) settle up the bill; close an account/

截止 [jié zhǐ] /(v) close; stop/cut-off point/stopping point/deadline/

紧密 [jǐn mì] /inseparably close/

近 [jìn] /near/close (to)/approximately/

近乎 [jìn hu ] /close to/intimate/

敬启 [jìng qǐ] /respectful closing to a letter/

邻 [lín] /neighbor/adjacent/close to/

临近 [lín jìn] /close to/approaching/

密 [mì] /secret/confidential/close/thick/dense/

密切 [mì qiè] /close/familiar/intimate/frequent/

密切注意 [mì qiè zhù yì] /close attention (to sth)/

密友 [mì yǒu] /close friend/

瞑 [míng] /close the eyes/

切 [qiè] /close to/

亲近 [qīn jìn] /get close to someone/get intimate/

亲密 [qīn mì] /(adj) intimate; close/

亲切 [qīn qiè] /amiable/friendliness/gracious/hospitality/intimate/cordial/kind/close and dear/familiar/

亲人 [qīn rén] /one's close relatives/

收盘 [shōu pán] /market close/

贴 [tiē] /to stick/to paste/to keep close to/to fit snugly/allowance/

相近 [xiāng jìn] /close/similar to/

小标题 [xiǎo biāo tí] /subtitle/closed-captioning/

要好 [yào hǎo] /be on good terms/be close friends/

堙 [yīn] /bury/mound/to dam/close/

在密切注意 [zài mì qiè zhù yì] /to pay close attention (to sth)/

稹 [zhěn] /accumulate/fine and close/

缜 [zhěn] /fine and close/

致 [zhì] /fine and close/

Since the dawn of human ingenuity, people have devised ever more cunning tools to cope with work that is dangerous, boring, burdensome, or just plain nasty.
从人类最初有了智慧至今,人们一直在设计日益巧妙的工具来处理那些危险的、枯燥的、繁重的或者只是一般肮脏的工作。
That compulsion has resulted in robotics — the science of conferring various human capabilities on machines.
这种不得已的行为导致了机器人科学的产生——一门将人类的能力赋予机器的科学。
And if scientists have yet to create the mechanical version of science fiction, they have begun to come close.
如果科学家们还没有在机械上实现科幻小说的幻想,那么他们也已经很接近这个目标了。

In an odd way, however, it is the educated who have claimed to have given up on have give up on ambition as an ideal.
然而,恰恰是那些受过良好教育的人却不可思议地声称他们已经放弃了雄心壮志这一理想。
What is odd is that they have perhaps most benefited from ambition — if not always their own then that of their parents and grandparents.
奇怪的是他们已经从雄心壮志中获益颇多了——如果不是他们自己的雄心,那么就是他们父母的和祖父母的。
There is heavy note of hypocrisy in this, a case of closing the barn door after the horses have escaped — with the educated themselves riding on them.
这其中有着浓厚的虚伪色彩,恰如马跑后再关上马厩的门那样,而受过良好教育的人自己正骑在那些马背上。

At the core of this debate is chairman Gerald Levin, 56, who took over for the late Steve Ross in 1992.
于1992年接替已故董事长斯蒂夫·罗斯的56岁的现任董事长杰拉德·莱文是争论的焦点人物。
On the financial front, Levin is under pressure to raise the stock price and reduce the company's mountainous debt, which will increase to $ 17.3 billion after two new cable deals close.
财政方面,他承受着抬高股价,减少公司巨额债务的压力。在两笔新的有线电视交易谈妥后,债务将达到173亿美元。
He has promised to sell off some of the property and restructure the company, but investors are waiting impatiently.
他也答应出售部分财产并重组公司,但现在投资者们仍在焦急地等待着。


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