英语学习词典
  

处理

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disposal [ dis'pəuzəl] n.丢掉,处理,销毁

management [ 'mænidʒmənt] n.管理;经营,处理

treat [ tri:t] vt.对待;处理 n.款待

microprocessor [ maikrəu'prɔsesə] n.微信息处理

transaction [ træn'zækʃən] n.处理;交易;和解

cope with 对付…,妥善处理

deal with 做买卖;处理;安排

at sb's disposal 任某人处理

lie over 等待以后处理

look after 照顾;目送;负责处理

take order with 安排,处理

see about 负责处理(某事);查看

take up 拿起;着手处理;占去

deal with 处理,对付,安排

let out 恕,从宽处理;免除

make the best of 充分利用,妥善处理

take care of 照顾,照料;承担,处理,负责

deal with
处理,对付,安排

let out
恕,从宽处理;免除

make the best of
充分利用,妥善处理

take care of
照顾,照料;承担,处理,负责

handle ['hændl] n. 柄,把手 v. 处理

process [prə'ses] n. 过程,程序,方法 v. 制作,加工,处理

reluctant [ri'lʌktənt] a.不顾的, 勉强的, 难得到的, 难处理

treatment ['tri:tmənt] n. 待遇, 对待, 处理, 治疗

disposition [ dispə'ziʃən] n.处理,天性、气质

handle [ 'hændl] n.柄,把手,v.处理

poser [ 'pouzə] n.不易处理之事

batch [bætʃ]处理

coprocessor 协处理

CPU 控制处理部件

deal [di:l] v.处理,分配,交易

handler ['hændlə] 处理

handling ['hændliŋ] n.处理,操纵

housekeeping ['hauski:piŋ] 内务处理

microprocessor [maikrəu'prɔsesə]处理

multiprocessing n.多重处理,多道处理

multiprocessor 多重处理

preprocessing 预处理

preprocessor 预处理

processing 处理

processor 处理

teleprocessing 远程处理

treat [tri:t] v.处理,加工

汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software

计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

污水处理 sewage treatment/ disposal

中文信息处理系统 Chinese information processing system

CPU Central Processing Unit 中央处理单元

DSP Digital Signal Processing 数字信号处理

Digital Sound Processor 数字声音处理

ISA Information Processing Center 信息处理中心

VIP Visual Image Processor 视频图像处理

Equipment for surface treatment 表面处理工具

DSP Digital Signal Processor 数字信令处理

FEP Front-end Processor 前端处理

MHS Message-Handling System 信息处理系统

TP Transaction Processing 事务处理

local heat treatment 局部热处理

凹版塑料薄膜油墨 gravure ink for plastic film
适用于凹版轮转印刷机在经预处理的聚烯 薄膜等表面印刷的油墨。

凹版热复合塑料薄膜油墨 gravure ink for hot-laminating plastic film
适用于凹版印刷机印刷经预处理的聚烯 或聚酯等薄膜并能满足热复合工艺的油墨。

凹版冷复合塑料薄膜油墨 gravure ink for cold-laminating plastic film
适用于凹版印刷机印刷经预处理的聚烯 或聚酯等薄膜并能满足冷复合工艺的油墨。

Standard for the Storage and Handling of Cellulose Nitrate Film
纤维素硝酸盐胶片的使用和处理标准

Standard for the Storage, Use, and Handling of Compressed and Liquefied Gases in Portable Cylinders
轻便式瓶装处置液化气的储存、使用和处理标准 2003年版

Utility LP-Gas Plant Code
公用煤气站中液化石油气的储存与处理标准

Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
液化天然气的生产、储存与处理标准

Standard for the Protection of Electronic Computer/Data Processing Equipment
电子计算机/数据处理设备的保护标准

Standard on Incinerators and Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment
焚化炉及废品和亚麻品处理系统的标准

Standard for Industrial Furnaces Using a Special Processing Atmosphere
使用经处理的气体作燃料的工业熔炉标准

Standard Glossary of Terms Relating to Chimneys, Vents, and Heat-Producing Appliances
有关烟囱、通风孔和热处理设备的术语表 2003版

Recommended Practice for Handling Releases of Flammable and Combustible Liquids and Gases
处理释放的易燃、可燃液体的推荐实施规程

Guide for Aircraft Accident Response
飞机事故处理指南

Standard for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials Incidents
危险品事故专职处理人员资格标准

Standard for Competencies for EMS Personnel Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents
处理危险品事故的紧急医疗服务(EMS)人员资格标准

Standard for the Storage, Handling and Processing of Magnesium Solids and Powders
镁颗粒和粉末的存储、处理和处置标准

Standard for the Production, Processing, Handling, and Storage of Titanium
铝的制造、处置、处理和存储标准

Standard for the Production, Processing, Handling and Storage of Zirconium
锌的制造、处置、处理和存储标准

Standard for the Storage, Handling, Processing, and Use of Lithium Metal
锂的存储、处理、处置和使用的标准

Standard for the Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation
用于杀菌和熏烟的乙撑氧的存储、处理和使用标准

Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids
易燃固体微粒生产、处置和处理防火和防爆的预防标准

Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Explosions in Wood Processing and Woodworking Facilities
森林防火防爆处理和林木工作设备标准

Standard System for the Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response
危险品紧急处理系统鉴别标准

Standard for Fire Protection for Facilities Handling Radioactive Materials
放射性材料处理设备的消防标准

Standard for Fire Protection in Wastewater Treatment and Collection Facilities
废水处理和收集设备的消防标准

Recommended Practice on Rehabilitation for Members Operating at Incident Scene Operations and Training Exercises
在紧急事故处理现场和训练场对人员抢救的推荐操作

Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments
专业消防部门消防行动、紧急医疗事故处理和特别行动的组织和部署标准

Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations and Special Operations to the Public by Volunteer Fire Departments
志愿消防部门消防行动、紧急医疗事故处理和特别行动的组织和部署标准

Water Treatment Chemicals 水处理化学品

processor 制造者;处理

microprocessor 微处理

conduct 经营,处理

rehandle 重铸;重新处理

rehash 以新形式处理(旧材料)

reduced to clear:削价处理

rough handling 粗率的处理(搬运,装运货物)

deal 交易,经营,处理,与…交往

Equipment for surface treatment 表面处理工具

free hand 全权处理

get down to 开始处理

Dependent(家属):需依靠另一人支持者。从移民归化局处理有关事项的角度说,
"家属"仅指本人的配偶和十八岁以下的未婚子女。

Savings and discounts all around the store 店内所有商品均削价处理

GPU (Graphics Processing Unit): 图形处理器。辅助CPU处理图形运算。

at sb's disposal 任...处理 

conduct 经营,处理

rehandle 重铸;重新处理

rehash以新形式处理(旧材料)

CPU:Central Processing Unit,中央处理单元,又叫中央处理器或微处理器,被喻为电脑的心脏。

EDO:Extended Data Output,扩充数据输出。当CPU的处理速度不断提高时,也相应地要求不断提高DRAM传送数据速度,一般来说,FPM(Fast Page Model)DRAM传送数据速度在60-70ns,而EDO DRAM比FPM快3倍,达20ns。目前最快的是SDRAM(Synchronous DRAM,同步动态存储器),其存取速度高达10ns。

PCI:Peripheral Component Interconnection,局部总线( 总线是计算机用于把信息从一个设备传送到另一个设备的高速通道)。PCI总线是目前较为先进的一种总线结构,其功能比其他总线有很大的提高,可支持突发读写操作,最高传输率可达132Mbps,是数据传输最快的总线之一,可同时支持多组外围设备。PCI不受制于CPU处理器,并能兼容现有的各种总线,其主板插槽体积小,因此成本低,利于推广。

一次处理 single/primary treatment

compensation deals 补偿处理

complaint handling 投诉处理

environment and packaging disposal 环境与包装处理

order processing 订单处理

  处理商标纠纷案件 Dealing With Infringement

下星期一以前未能清结本件款项, 不得已, 将委任我公司顾问律师处理
We wish to state that if the account be not paid by Monday next, we shall be forced to place the matter in the hands o four solicitors.

贵方虽多次答应付款结帐, 但迄今尚未结清。如在本月底以前, 尚未拔款结清,只好委托我公司顾问律师处理
In spite of your repeated promises to let us have a cheque, we are still without a settlement of your outstanding account, and therefore, unless same is settled by the end of this month, we shall be compelled to hand over the matter to our solicitor.

board of condemnation
废弃物品处理委员会

Chinese word processing facility
中文文书处理设施

Data Processor
资料处理

disposal store
弃货及充公物品处理

during the absence of . . .
在……离任期间;在……休假期间;在……离港公干期间;在……另有任务期间;在……未能亲自处理职务期间

electronic filing
电子档案处理

centralized address system 集中处理地址资料的系统

Complaints Committee [Electoral Affairs Commission] 投诉处理会〔选举管理委员会〕

If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions, you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared. Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you.
假如你要取得成就或要实现你的雄心壮志,你必须努力工作、艰苦奋斗、准备好条件。否则,机遇来临你却无法利用。 189. The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always makes adequate preparations to meet opportunities as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see pass by.
成功者与失败者的区别在于处理机遇的态度。成功者做好充分准备迎接机遇的适时来临。而失败者工作懒散,眼看机遇悄然而过。

The greater the population there is in a locality, the greater the need there is for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse.
一个地方的人口越多,对其水。交通和垃圾处理的需求就会越大。

Bulk heat treatment 整体热处理

Dip pretreatment 浸渍预处理

Waste utilization 废物利用,废物处理

信号与信息处理 Signal and Information Processing

TCAP Transaction Capability Application Part 事务处理能力应用部分

Computer Processing Operator 计算机处理操作员

Wordprocessor Operator文字处理操作员

数字信号处理 Digital Signal Processing

数字图象处理 Digital Image Processing

current asset losses in suspense 待处理流动资产损失

Disposal 处理

fixed assets losses in suspense 待处理固定资产损失

Processing 处理,加工

right of disposition 处理

样气处理系统
sample handling system

数据处理
data processing

离合器的微处理机控制
microprocessor controlled clutch

金属表面处理(材料) Metal Surface Treatment(Material)

处理 Heat Treatment

His story illustrates her skill in dealing with the problem.
他所讲的故事说明了她处理这个问题的技巧。

The President had to quit his job for he wasn't able to deal with the crisis.
总统因为不能处理这起危机,只好辞职。

Workers, above all, should know how to approach the problem correctly.
工人们首先应该知道如何正确处理这个问题。

This port handles 100 million tons of goods each year.
这港口每年要处理1亿吨货物。

I have a problem at work and I really don't know how to handle it.
我工作上遇到了一个问题,真不知如何来处理它。

Hardly had I arrived when I had a new problem to deal with.
我刚到,就有新的问题要处理了。

There are several ways of approaching this problem.
处理这个问题有几种办法。

Judges are supposed to judge each case objectively.
法官应公正处理每一个案子。

The actor's interpretation of Hamlet was severely criticized.
这位演员对哈姆雷特这个角色的处理手法受到严厉的批评。

The store manager attended to the transaction of important matters himself.
商店经理自己出面处理重大交易。

They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyse and evaluate, and to communicate effectively.
他们也要学习如何处理个人问题和怎样思考,怎样决策、分析和评估以及有效沟通。

If we look at man as an animal and try to analyze the environmental forces that are acting on the organism, we find that we have to deal with things like climate, soil, plants, and such like factors common to all biological situations; but we also find, always, very important environmental influences that we can only class as “cultural”, which modify the physical and biological factors.
如果我们将人类看作动物来尝试解释作用在有机物上的环境影响力的话,我们不得不处理像气候,土壤,植物和一些对于所有生物环境来说共同的因素,但我们也发现,“文化”的影响也非常重大,它可以改变物理和生物因素。

We found out that patients who had been dealt with openly and frankly were better able to cope with the approach of death and finally to reach a true stage of acceptance prior to death.
我们发现那些被公开坦诚地对待的病人在对待死亡的临近和接受死亡的问题上处理得更好。

Why does cream go bad faster than butter? Some researchers think they have the answer, and it comes down to the structure of the food, not its chemical composition-a finding that could help rid some processed foods of chemical preservatives.
为什么奶油比黄油坏的快呢?已有些研究者认为他们找到了答案,这与食物的结构有关,而不是它的化学成分—这一发现使得有些化学处理保存食物的方法无效了。

Finally, other people may give us instrumental support——financial aid, material resources, and needed services-that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.
最后,其他的人给我们提供物质性支持—经济援助,物质资料和必需服务—通过帮助我们处理问题来减轻我们的压力。

He is busy with some important work.
他正忙于处理一些重要的事情。

The meeting will deal with these problems.
本次会议将就这些问题作出处理

This is a special case, deserving special treatment.
这是个特殊的案件,应该获得特殊处理

他很能干。
He's efficient. *efficient“有效的”、“效率高的”、“工作出色的”、“能力强的”。
He finished the job already. (他早就把工作做完了。)
He's efficient. (他真能干。)
He does things well and he gets them done quickly. (他工作起来又好又快。)
He gets things done efficiently. (他做事很有效率。)
He handles things quickly. (他处理事情很麻利。)
He handles matters promptly. (他处理事情很利索。)

他这人很难对付。
He's a difficult man to deal with. *deal with“处理、对待(人或事)”。
He's hard to deal with.
He's hard to put up with. (他让人难以忍受。)

轻拿轻放。/动作轻点儿。
Easy does it. *表示“要小心谨慎地处理”易碎品或贵重物。
Easy does it, doesn't drop the TV. (动作轻点儿,小心别把电视掉下来。)
Don't worry. I won't. (放心吧,掉不下来。)
Gently.
Be careful. (小心啊!)

做你能做的。
Don't take on more than you can. *“不要承担自己处理不了的工作,不要承担超过自己能力的事情”。
Don't take on more than you can handle.

交给我吧!
I'll take care of it. *“我来做”、“我负责任”。
It's due tomorrow. (支付期截止到明天。)
I'll take care of it. (我来处理吧。)
I'll handle it.
Leave it to me.

想点儿办法吧!
Do something!
Our house is a mess? (我们的家真乱。)
So, do something! (那,你就收拾收拾吧。)
Do something about it!
Please do something about it.(请想点儿办法吧!)
Please take care of it for me.(请为我处理一下儿吧。)

Then the damage must be caused at somewhere along the line where the goods weren't handled properly.
那么残损一定是在运输途中的什么地方对货物处理不妥造成的。

Just for argument's sake, suppose we disagree.
为了讨论各种情形,让我们假设我方不同意时的处理方法。

We hope to hear from you soon and can assure you that your order will be dealt with promptly.
希望尽快收到贵方答复,我们保证及时处理对方定单。

The consignment appears to have been roughly handled and left near a heater.
看来货物未受到细心的处理,并且被放置于加热器附近。

Grasp the thistle firmly.
毅然处理困难局面。

He is wise that hath wit enough for his own affairs.
聪明的人有足够的才智处理自己的事情。

Processing capacity 处理能力

Processing speed 处理速度

处理剩余产品的指导原则(The Guiding Principle of Clealing With the Surplus Agricultural Products)

Just for argument's sake, suppose we disagree.
为了讨论各种情形,让我们假设我方不同意时的处理方法。

I can't handle this alone.
我无法单独处理这事。

Assuredly, the most gifted man errs who, in dealing with humanity, depends upon his own insight
and intelligence and discards the moral law of society, created by respect for the individual,
and those principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, the basis of our civilization, and the
essence of Christianity.
Ferdinand foch, Frcnch marshal
的确,在处理人的问题时,如果只依赖个人的见识与才智,抛弃为尊重个人而制定的社会道德法律,抛弃作为
我们文明基础和基督教要素的自由、平等、博爱的原则,那么,即使是最有天才的人,也肯定会犯错误。
法国元帅福煦F.

@@@ ...之处
check-out counter 结账处
dwelling place 住处
end up 1.结束, 停止
2.到达某处或某种状态, 结果, 到头来
for the good of 为了对...有好处; 为了...的利益
glean sth. from 从...处搜集(消息、资料、情报等)
have (sth.) in common 有共同之处
in the forefront (of sth.) 在...的最前沿; 在...最重要之处
parking lot 停车处
pay off 1.证明是成功的; 做...是有好处的或值得的
2.还清(债款)
put back 把...放回原处
send in 将...寄至某处进行处理
share sth. with sb. 与某人分享某物; 与...共有或合用某物;
在...方面有共同之处
stay behind (别人走后)在某处留下不走(尤指暂不回家)
stick around 逗留/停留在某处或附近, 不走远
the housing office 房管处

@@@ 爱; 喜欢
a standing ovation 起立欢呼
acquire a taste for sth. 对...有兴趣, 开始喜欢
attach to 1.依附在...上; 系在...上
2.依恋; 喜爱
3.认为...有重要性
be fond of 喜欢; 偏爱
care for 1.照顾, 照看
2.喜欢,喜爱
catch on 1.理解, 领会
2.逐渐流行, 逐渐受欢迎
do one's thing 做拿手的并且喜欢做的事
endear to (使)受到喜爱
enthusiasm for 热衷; 热爱
fall in love with 爱上...; 喜欢上...
keen on 喜爱; 热衷于
love affair 恋爱; 风流韵事
make sb. welcome 表示欢迎
prefer to 1.宁愿..., 更喜爱
2.喜爱A甚于B; 选择A而不选择B
take care of 1.负责, 处理
2.照顾, 照应; 爱护
welcome back 欢迎回来

@@@ 好, 善, 美
all right 1.好(与OK的用法相同); 良好
2.毫无疑问地, 显然
be better off doing sth. 日子更好过, 处境更加佳
be good at 善于, 擅长于
by all means 一定; (表示答应)好的, 当然可以
change for the better 改进; 改善; 好转
cheer (sb.) up 使高兴, 使情绪好转
cope with 对付...; 妥善处理棘手之事
do a good job 干得出色, 干得好
do well 做得好, 进展得好
excel in 擅长
fawn on 讨好, 奉承
fine arts 美术
for the better 好转, 向好的方向发展
for the good of 为了对...有好处; 为了...的利益
get/be ready for 准备好
get ... right 把...做好, 把...弄对
get off the ground (指活动、事业等)顺利开始
get set 准备好开始
go well 事情顺利进行
good nature 好脾气
good temper 好心情
had better do sth. 最好还是; 应该
have (sth.) in mind 考虑好; 打算
have a heart of gold 好心肠
hit it off 相处得很好; 合得来
if only 要是...就好了(用以表示对现时或未来的愿望)
in a good mood 心情好, 高兴
in good condition 状态良好
in shape 1.在外形上
2.处于良好状态, 健康
make the best of 善处(逆境); 尽量做好
pay off 1.证明是成功的; 做...是有好处的或值得的
2.还清(债款)
prepare for 准备好, 做...打算
put away 1.把...收起来, 放好
2.存储以备他日之需, 积攒
set the stage for sth. 为某事做好准备或创造条件
superior to 好于, 优于; 高于
take a rain check (on sth.) 谢绝一番好意, 但答应日后接受
think much of 高度评价; 认为不错
too good to be true 太好以致于不现实, 令人难以置信
with flying colors 出色地

@@@ 解决, 处理
at the mercy of 任由...处置; 完全受...支配
cope with 对付...; 妥善处理棘手之事
deal with 1.涉及, 论及; 讨论
2.对付, 处置
dispose of 1.除去; 扔掉
2.解决, 处理
disposal of 处理, 处置
do without 没有...也行, 没有...而设法对付过去
get away with 做错事而未受处罚
get by 勉强维持; 对付
get off with 使免遭处罚
get out of the way 解决, 完成; 除去
look after 照料, 照顾; 负责处理
make the best of 善处(逆境); 尽量做好
put to death 处死
smooth out 消除/解决(困难、障碍等)
straighten out 搞清楚, 澄清; 解决
take care of 1.负责, 处理
2.照顾, 照应; 爱护
turn over to 把...交给...(来定或来处理)
waste disposal 处理废品
work out 1.解决问题; 算出; 设计出
2.做大运动量的锻炼, 健身

@@@ 关心, 照顾
care about 关心
care for 1.照顾, 照看
2.喜欢,喜爱
concern about 对...关心; 为...担心
concerned with (人)关心...; (事)与...有关
fend for oneself 自己谋生, 照料自己
keep an eye on & keep an eye out (for) 照料, 照看; 留心, 注意
look after 照料, 照顾; 负责处理
see to 照顾, 注意
take care of 1.负责, 处理
2.照顾, 照应; 爱护

@@@ 提交, 呈递
by mail 通过写信, 通过邮递
express business 快递业务
hand in 交, 上交
show up 1.出席, 来到(通常指耽搁一段时间之后)
2.使...呈现出来
submit to 提交, 呈递
turn in 交, 缴(完成的工作)
turn over to 把...交给...(来定或来处理)

handle n.柄;把手;处理;操作

transaction n.处理;交易;议事记录

poke one's nose into something多管闲事
Gladys is always poking her nose into other people's business. I don't see how she has time to take care of her own affairs.
格拉迪斯总是爱管闲事,我不知道她怎么会有时间处理她自己的事。

free hand 全权处理

get down to 开始处理

The two hardest things to handle in life are failure and success.
人生最难处理的两件事,就是成功和失败。

deal with 处理,对付;论述,涉及

take up 开始从事;把…继续下去;着手处理;占去,占据;(on)接受邀请

get down to 开始认真处理,着手做

cope with (成功地)应付,(妥善地)处理

dispose of 处理,解决;去掉,丢掉,除掉

- go easy on...酌情处理……;节约使用……;对……手下留情
I hope the teacher will go easy on me. Otherwise, I'll have no chance to pass the exam.
当介词on 的后面跟得是something 的时候,此语用来是“节约使用”或“小心对待”
Go easy on salt. We have to save some for the next meal.

I was asked to come to your company on my way home in order to settle the claim.
我顺路来你们公司是为了处理索赔问题的。

I want to settle our claim on you for the 100 tons of bleached cotton waste, as per Sales Confirmation No. 1254E.
我们想处理一下关于销售确认书第1254E号100吨漂白废棉的索赔问题。

不能处理 mishandle; mishandled

处理 [chǔ lǐ] /to handle/to treat/to deal with/to process/

处理器 [chǔ lǐ qì] /processor/

文书处理 [wén shū chǔ lǐ] /word processing/

污水处理厂 [wū shuǐ chǔ lǐ chǎng] /water treatment plant/

讯息处理系统 [xùn xī chǔ lǐ xì tǒng] /Message Handling System/MHS/

影像处理 [yǐng xiàng chǔ lǐ] /image processing/

中央处理机 [zhōng yāng chǔ lǐ jī] /central processing unit (CPU)/

Since the dawn of human ingenuity, people have devised ever more cunning tools to cope with work that is dangerous, boring, burdensome, or just plain nasty.
从人类最初有了智慧至今,人们一直在设计日益巧妙的工具来处理那些危险的、枯燥的、繁重的或者只是一般肮脏的工作。
That compulsion has resulted in robotics — the science of conferring various human capabilities on machines.
这种不得已的行为导致了机器人科学的产生——一门将人类的能力赋予机器的科学。
And if scientists have yet to create the mechanical version of science fiction, they have begun to come close.
如果科学家们还没有在机械上实现科幻小说的幻想,那么他们也已经很接近这个目标了。

Despite a spell of initial optimism in the 1960s and 1970s when it appeared that transistor circuits and microprocessors might be able to copy the action of the human brain by the year 2010, researchers lately have begun to extend that forecast by decades if not centuries.
虽然一开始在20世纪60年代和70年代有过一段乐观的时期——那时候仿佛晶体管电路和微处理器的发展将使他们在2010年能够模仿人类大脑的活动——但是最近研究人员已经开始将这个预测延后数十年,甚至数百年。

Just three weeks before the Court's ruling on physician-assisted suicide, the National Academy of Science (NAS) released a two-volume report, Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life.
就在最高法庭对医助自杀进行裁决的前三周,全国科学学会公布了一份长达两卷的报告——临近死亡:完善临终护理。
It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end-of-life care.
报告指出了医院临终关怀护理中存在的两个问题:对病痛处理不力和大胆使用“无效而强制性的医疗程序,这些程序可能会延长死亡期,甚至会让死亡期难堪”。

Annas says lawyers can play a key role in insisting that these well-meaning medical initiatives translate into better care.
安纳斯说,律师可以在要求把医疗界的这些善意的行为变成更好的护理行动方面发挥关键作用。
"Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering," to the extent that it constitutes "systematic patient abuse."
“不少医生对病人所遭受的毫无必要的,可预见的痛苦无动于衷”,乃至于已构成“蓄意虐待病人”。
He says medical licensing boards "must make it clear... that painful deaths are presumptively ones that are incompetently managed and should result in license suspension."
他说,行医资格理事会“必须明确表明——病人痛苦地死亡,可以推定,是由于医生处理不力造成的,应该因此吊销其从医资格”。

Specialisation can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge.
专业化可被视为针对科学知识不断膨胀这个问题所做出的反应。
By splitting up the subject matter into smaller units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research.
通过将学科细化,个人能够继续处理这些不断膨胀的信息并将它们作为深入研究的基础。
But specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication.
但是专业化仅是科学领域内一系列影响交流过程的有关现象之一。
Another was the growing professionalisation of scientific activity.
另一现象是科学活动的日益职业化。

Won't multinationals shift production from one place to another when a nation gets too strict about infringements to fair competition?
当一个国家对破坏公平竞争的行为的处理过于严厉时,跨国公司会不会把它们的生产从一地转到另一地呢?

A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force.
一段长时间并且不费力而成功的历史可能成为一种可怕的不利因素,但若处理得当,这种不利因素也有可能转化为一种积极的推动力。
When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world's best, its workers the most skilled.
二战结束后,美国恰好进入了这样的一个辉煌时期,当时,它拥有比任何竞争者大8倍的市场,这使其工业经济具有前所未有的规模经济。美国的科学家是世上最优秀的,它的工人是最富于技术的。

Now the tide appears to be turning.
现在看来这种趋势正在转变。
As personal injury claims continue as before.
尽管个人伤害的指控一如既往地继续着,
Some courts are beginning to side with defendants, especially in cases where a warning label probably wouldn't have changed anything.
但有些法庭已开始站到被告一方,特别是在处理那些有警示语也无法避免伤害的案件时。

But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia — where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part — other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.
但这一潮流已无法逆转。在澳大利亚,人口老龄化,延长寿命技术和公众态度的变化都发挥着各自的作用。其他州也将考虑制定类似的法律来处理安乐死问题。
In the US and Canada, where the right-to-die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling.
在美国和加拿大,死亡权利运动正在积蓄力量。观察家们正在等待多米诺骨牌产生的效应。

Among the many shaping factors, I would single out the country's excellent elementary schools; a labor force that welcomed the new technology; the practice of giving premiums to inventors; and above all the American genius for nonverbal, "spatial" thinking about things technological.
在诸多形成因素中,我想特别指出这个国家优异的小学教育;欢迎新技术的劳动大军;对发明者进行奖励的做法;尤其是美国人在处理技术性事物所具有的非语言的空间思维才能。

Given this optimistic approach to technological innovation, the American worker took readily to that special kind of nonverbal thinking required in mechanical technology.
有了这种对技术革新的乐观态度,美国工人很快便习惯了机械技术需要的那种特别的非语言的思维方式。
As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out, "A technologist thinks about objects that cannot be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions; they are dealt with in his mind by a visual, nonverbal process... The designer and the inventor... are able to assemble and manipulate in their minds devices that as yet do not exist."
正如尤金·弗格森曾指出的:“技术人员思考那些不能被简化成功用明确的语言进行描述的物体;这些物体在他的头脑中以视觉性的、非语言性的方式被处理加工……设计者和发明者……能把那些尚不存在的机械在头脑中组装和操作。”


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