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tension [ 'tenʃən] n. 紧张,不安,拉紧,张力

tension ['tenʃən] n.紧张(状态),张力

tension ['tenʃən] n.张力

High Tension 高压

Fatigue tension test 拉伸疲劳性试验

chain tension gear

tensioning wheel

assembly chain tension adjuster

tensioning pulley

tension rod

The doctor said I was suffering from nervous tension.

If the tension of this rope is increased it will break.

The state of tension, which at one time existed between the US and Russia, was called "the Cold War".

Both novelists use a storytelling method that emphasizes ironic disjunctions between different perspectives on the same events as well as ironic tensions that inhere in the relationship between surface drama and concealed authorical intention, a method I call an evidentiary narrative technique.

When something sensational happens to us, sharing the happiness of the occasion with friends intensifies our joy. Conversely, in times of trouble and tension, when our spirits are low, unburdening our worries and fears to compassionate friends alleviates the stress.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American thinker

不安 uneasiness; disturbance; inquietude; qualm; tension; unease; yeastiness; discomposure

绷紧 tension

不安 uneasiness; disturbance; inquietude; qualm; tension; unease; yeastiness; discomposure

高涨 [gāo zhǎng] /upsurge/(tensions, etc.) run high/

缓和 [huǎn hé] /to ease (tension)/to alleviate/to moderate/to allay/to make more mild/

紧张 [jǐn zhāng] /critical/tension/nervous/intense/strained/tense/

挑拨 [tiǎo bō] /(v) incite disharmony; stir up tensions among others/

{adj: aroused, wound up} brought to a state of great tension
"all wound up for a fight"

{adj: consequent, ensuant, resultant, resulting, sequent} following as an effect or result
"the period of tension and consequent need for military preparedness"
"the ensuant response to his appeal"
"the resultant savings were considerable"
"the health of the plants and the resulting flowers"

{adj: high-tension} subjected to or capable of operating under relatively high voltage
"high-tension wire"
<-> low-tension

{adj: hypertonic} (of living tissue) in a state of abnormally high tension
"hypertonic muscle tissue"
<-> hypotonic

{adj: hypotonic} (of living tissue) lacking normal tone or tension
<-> hypertonic

{adj: interfacial} relating to or situated at an interface
"an interfacial layer"
"interfacial tension is the surface tension at the interface between two liquids"

{adj: isometric} of or involving muscular contraction in which tension increases while length remains constant
<-> isotonic

{adj: isotonic} of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes
<-> isometric

{adj: isotonic} of two or more muscles; having equal tension

{adj: low-tension, low-voltage} subjected to or capable of operating under relative low voltage
<-> high-tension

{adj: mobbish, moblike} characteristic of a mob; disorderly or lawless
"fanned mounting tension into mobbish terrorizing"
"moblike mentality"

{adj: relaxant} tending to relax or relieve muscular or nervous tension
"a relaxant drug"

{adj: sectional} related or limited to a distinct region or subdivision of of a territory or community or group of people
"sectional tensions arose over slavery"

{adj: surface-active} capable of lowering the surface tension of a liquid; used especially of detergents

{adj: taut} subjected to great tension; stretched tight
"the skin of his face looked drawn and tight"
"her nerves were taut as the strings of a bow"

{adj: tense} in or of a state of physical or nervous tension
<-> relaxed

{adj: tensile} of or relating to tension
"tensile stress"
"tensile pull"

{adj: tensional} of or relating to or produced by tension

{adj: tensionless} free from tension

{adj: unflurried, unflustered, unperturbed, unruffled} free from emotional agitation or nervous tension
"the waiters were unflurried and good natured"
"with contented mind and unruffled spirit"- Anthony Trollope

{n: Arab-Israeli War, Six-Day War, Six Day War} tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East

{n: Brandt, Willy Brandt} German statesman who as chancellor of West Germany worked to reduce tensions with eastern Europe (1913-1992)

{n: Fugard, Athol Fugard} South African playwright whose plays feature the racial tensions in South Africa during apartheid (born in 1932)

{n: atonicity, atony, atonia, amyotonia} lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
<-> tonicity

{n: block, mental block} an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension
"I knew his name perfectly well but I had a temporary block"

{n: bodybuilding, anaerobic exercise, muscle building, musclebuilding} exercise that builds muscles through tension

{n: breaking point} the degree of tension or stress at which something breaks

{n: capillarity, capillary action} a phenomenon associated with surface tension and resulting in the elevation or depression of liquids in capillaries

{n: catharsis, katharsis, abreaction} (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions

{n: choker} an unfortunate person who is unable to perform effectively because of nervous tension or agitation
"he could win if he wasn't a choker"

{n: cruelty, cruelness, harshness} the quality of being cruel and causing tension or annoyance

{n: demilitarized zone, DMZ} a zone from which military forces or operations or installations are prohibited
"tensions exist on both sides of the demilitarized zone separating North Korea and South Korea"

{n: detente} the easing of tensions or strained relations (especially between nations)

{n: divide} a serious disagreement between two groups of people (typically producing tension or hostility)

{n: easiness, relaxation} a feeling of refreshing tranquility and an absence of tension or worry
"the easiness we feel when sleeping"

{n: generalized anxiety disorder, GAD, anxiety reaction} an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety and such symptoms as tension or sweating or trembling of lightheadedness or irritability etc that has lasted for more than six months

{n: interfacial tension, interfacial surface tension} surface tension at the surface separating two non-miscible liquids

{n: isotonic exercise} exercise in which opposing muscles contract and there is controlled movement (tension is constant while the lengths of the muscles change)
"the classic isotonic exercise is lifting free weights"

{n: kettle, kettledrum, tympanum, tympani, timpani} a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it

{n: kinesthesia, kinaesthesia, feeling of movement} the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc

{n: latent hostility, tension} feelings of hostility that are not manifest
"he could sense her latent hostility to him"
"the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"

{n: lorazepam, Ativan} tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia

{n: meprobamate, Miltown, Equanil, Meprin} a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety

{n: minor tranquilizer, minor tranquillizer, minor tranquilliser, antianxiety drug, anxiolytic, anxiolytic drug} a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability

{n: nerves} control of your emotions
"this kind of tension is not good for my nerves"

{n: power system, power grid, grid} a system of high tension cables by which electrical power is distributed throughout a region

{n: pylon, power pylon} a large vertical steel tower supporting high-tension power lines
"power pylons are a favorite target for terrorists"

{n: relaxant} a drug that relaxes and relieves tension

{n: setscrew} a screw that is used to adjust the tension on a spring

{n: spring balance, spring scale} a balance that measure weight by the tension on a helical spring

{n: stress, strain} difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
"she endured the stresses and strains of life"
"he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson

{n: stretch mark} a narrow band resulting from tension on the skin (as on abdominal skin after pregnancy)

{n: surface tension} a phenomenon at the surface of a liquid caused by intermolecular forces

{n: tensiometer} a measuring instrument for measuring the surface tension of a liquid

{n: tensiometer} a measuring instrument for measuring the tension in a wire or fiber or beam

{n: tension headache} a headache located at the back of the head; usually caused by body tension resulting from overwork or psychological stress

{n: tension, tenseness, stress} (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense
"he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"
"stress is a vasoconstrictor"

{n: tension, tensity, tenseness, tautness} the physical condition of being stretched or strained
"it places great tension on the leg muscles"
"he could feel the tenseness of her body"

{n: tension} (physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body
"the direction of maximum tension moves asymptotically toward the direction of the shear"

{n: tension} a balance between and interplay of opposing elements or tendencies (especially in art or literature)
"there is a tension created between narrative time and movie time"
"there is a tension between these approaches to understanding history"

{n: tension} the action of stretching something tight
"tension holds the belt in the pulleys"

{n: thaw} a relaxation or slackening of tensions or reserve; becoming less hostile
"the thaw between the United States and Russia has led to increased cooperation in world affairs"

{n: tonicity, tonus, tone} the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli
"the doctor tested my tonicity"
<-> atonicity

{n: tonometer} measuring instrument for measuring tension or pressure (especially for measuring intraocular pressure in testing for glaucoma)

{n: tranquilizer, tranquillizer, tranquilliser, antianxiety agent, ataractic drug, ataractic agent, ataractic} a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity

{n: turnbuckle} an oblong metal coupling with a swivel at one end and an internal thread at the other into which a threaded rod can be screwed in order to form a unit that can be adjusted for length or tension

{n: wetting agent, wetter, surfactant, surface-active agent} a substance capable of reducing the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved

{n: yips} nervous tension that causes an athlete to fail (especially causes golfers to miss short putts)
"to avoid the yips he changed his style of putting"

{v: abreact} discharge bad feelings or tension through verbalization

{v: augment} enlarge or increase
"The recent speech of the PLO chairman augmented tensions in the Near East"

{v: charge} saturate
"The room was charged with tension and anxiety"

{v: choke} fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation
"The team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing the coach and the audience"

{v: enhance, heighten, raise} increase
"This will enhance your enjoyment"
"heighten the tension"

{v: heighten, rise} become more extreme
"The tension heightened"

{v: loosen, loose} make loose or looser
"loosen the tension on a rope"
<-> stiffen

{v: relax, unbend} make less tight
"relax the tension on the rope"

{v: slacken, remit} make slack as by lessening tension or firmness

{v: slack} release tension on
"slack the rope"

{v: snap, crack} break suddenly and abruptly, as under tension
"The rope snapped"

{v: spark, sparkle} emit or produce sparks
"A high tension wire, brought down by a storm, can continue to spark"

{v: surcharge} fill to an excessive degree
"The air was surcharged with tension"

{v: tense} increase the tension on
"tense a rope"

{v: unbend} release from mental strain, tension, or formality
"unbend the mind from absorbing too much information"

{v: unbrace} remove from tension

{v: work} move in an agitated manner
"His fingers worked with tension"

Conversely, conflicts and tensions that undermine stability and security can set back the progress that we have started to make on the path of development.

Coming home from an arduous day at the hospital, he would go straight to his yellow pad and write his tensions away.

The problem is to find the real man or woman behind all the tension.

Under increasing tension, the magnetic field eventually breaks through the surface.

To ease Epstein's muscle tension, a nurse massaged his neck.

For the rest of our stay, the tension slowly melted.

Suddenly all the tension seemed to leave my body as the truth of what he said hit me.

Then there's Blair Witch, it has no sex or even sexual tension, no music of any kind, no demonic power tools.

The seas, wind, and tension were really high.

Tension in ragtime compositions arises from a polarity between two basic ingredients: a continuous bass—called by jazz musicians a boom-chick bass— in the pianist's left hand, and its melodic, syncopated counterpart in the right hand.
散后乐作品中的张力(tension)源自两个基本成分之间的一种两极对立:一个是不间断的低音声部——被爵士音乐家谓作“嗡嗡鸡仔低鸣声”(boom-chick bass)——以钢琴家的左手奏出,另一个是旋律的、采用切分音法的(syncopated)对应声部,以钢琴家的右手奏出。

A long-held view of the history of the English colonies that became the United States has been that England's policy toward these colonies before 1763 was dictated by commercial interests and that a change to a more imperial policy, dominated by expansionist militarist objectives, generated the tensions that ultimately led to the American Revolution.

The governments of China and Taiwan have agreed to allow direct commercial flights for a limited time between their territories for the first time in 55 years. The move is expected to ease tensions in one of Asia's most contentious political disputes.

The temporary deal to allow direct flights between China and Taiwan could help to lift tension between the two sides, which has been rising since independence-minded Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian was re-elected in March 2004.

Tensions between Mohamed ElBaradei and the Bush administration pre-date the war in Iraq, when he questioned U.S. intelligence. During an appearance on CNN's Late Edition program, the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Delaware's Joseph Biden, said he has confidence in the IAEA's director general. "I have found him to be a pretty straight shooter. He hasn't given the administration what he wanted to hear. He turned out to be right about Iraq and weapons of mass destruction," he said.

Tensions have been high on the Korean Peninsula for more than two years. In October 2002, Washington said Pyongyang had admitted having a secret and illegal uranium enrichment program to produce nuclear weapons.

Slickline tension devices

Floating offshore tension leg production platforms

Floating offshore tension leg storage platforms

Tension strut

Tension bolts

Surface tension measuring instruments

Tension testers

Generalized anxiety disorder
Anxiety that is generalized and persistent but not restricted to, or even strongly
predominating in, any particular environmental circumstances (i.e. it is
"free-floating"). The dominant symptoms are variable but include complaints of
persistent nervousness, trembling, muscular tensions, sweating, lightheadedness,
palpitations, dizziness, and epigastric discomfort. Fears that the patient or a relative
will shortly become ill or have an accident are often expressed.
. neurosis
. reaction
Excludes: neurasthenia (F48.0)
基本现象是广泛且持续地焦虑 , 但不局限或明显发
生於某一特殊情境 ( 即它是自由浮动性的 ) 。明显
症状变异很大 , 但时常抱怨觉得很紧张、颤抖、肌
. 焦虑性精神官能症
. 焦虑反应
不包含 : 神经衰弱症 (F48.0)

Persistent somatoform pain disorder
The predominant complaint is of persistent, severe, and distressing pain, which cannot be
explained fully by a physiological process or a physical disorder, and which occurs in
association with emotional . conflict or psychosocial problems that are sufficient to
allow the t conclusion that they are the main causative influences. The result is usually
a marked increase in support and attention, either personal or medical. Pain presumed to
be of psychogenic origin occurring during the course of depressive disorders or
schizophrenia should not be included here.
. backache
. headache
Somatoform pain disorder
Excludes: backache NOS (M54.9)
. NOS (R52.9)
. acute (R52.0)
. chronic (R52.2)
. intractable (R52.1)
tension headache (G44.2)
病人会主诉持续 , 严重且难过的痛 , 无法完全以生
理机转或身体疾患来解释 , 而可以确定是由情绪冲
突或心理社会问题所引起的 , 其结果平常是显着增
不包含 : 背痛 , 其他未明示者 (M54.9)
疼痛 :
. 其他未明示者 (R52.9)
. 急性 (R52.0)
. 慢性 (R52.2))
. 顽固性 (R52.1)
紧张性头痛 (G44.2) 。
F45.8 Other somatoform disorders
Any other disorders of sensation, function and behaviour, not due to physical disorders,
which are not mediated through the autonomic nervous system, which are limited to specific
systems or parts of the body, and which are closely associated in time with stressful
events or problems.
. dysmenorrhoea
. dysphagia, including "glouss hysteri us"
. pruritus
. torticollis
其他拟身体障碍症 :
状与神经系统无关 , 只局限於某特定器官系统或某
部位 , 且其发生此等在时间上与压力事件或问题有
心因性 :
. 痛经症
. 吞困难
. 搔痒症斜颈

Considerable cultural variations occur in the presentation of this disorder, and two main
types occur, with substantial overlap. In one type, the main feature is a complaint of
increased fatigue after mental effort, often associated with some decrease in occupational
performance or coping efficiency in daily tasks. The mental fatiguability is typically
described as an unpleasant intrusion of distracting associations or recollections,
difficulty in concentrating, and generally inefficient thinking. In the other type, the
emphasis is on feelings of bodily or physical weakness and exhaustion after only minimal
effort, accompanied by a feeling of muscular aches and pains and inability to relax. In
both types a variety of other unpleasant physical feelings is common, such as dizziness,
tension headaches, and feelings of general instability. Worry about decreasing mental and
bodily well-being, irritability, anhedonia, and varying minor degrees of both depression
and anxiety are all common. Sleep is often disturbed in its initial and middle phases but
hypersomnia may also be prominent.
Fatigue syndrome
Use additional code, if desired, to identify previous physical illness.
Excludes: asthenia NOS (R53)
burn-out (Z73.0)
malaise and fatigue (R53)
postviral fatigue syndrome (G93.3)
psychasthenia (F48.8)
此疾患之出现有相当不同的文化背景因素 , 而可见
两类 , 但重叠性高。第一类之主要表现在精神活动
之後抱怨的疲惫感 , 常伴随工作表现或每天日常生
之後 , 发生身体衰弱及耗竭感 , 伴随肌肉疼痛及无
舒服的感觉 , 如头晕、紧张性头痛及全身违和的感
初期及中期常出障碍 , 但可能也有过度睡眠的情况

若先前有其他身体疾病 , 可以加以标示。
不包含 : 无力 , 其他未明示者 (R53)
过劳 (Z73.0)
疲惫 (R53)
病毒感染後疲惫徵候群 (G93.3)
精神衰弱症 (F48.8)

Psychological and behavioural factors associated with disorders or
diseases classified elsewhere behavioural influences thought to have played a major part
in the etiology of physical disorders which can be classified to other chapters. Any
resulting mental disturbances are usually mild, and often prolonged (such as worry,
emotional conflict, apprehension) and do not of themselves justify the use of any of the
categories in this chapter.
Psychological factors affecting physical conditions
Examples of the use of this category are:
. asthma F54 and J45.-
. dermatitis F54 and L23-L25
. gastric ulcer F54 and K25.-
. mucous colitis F54 and K58.-
. ulcerative colitis F54 and K51.-
. urticaria F54 and L50.-
Use additional code, if desired, to identify the associated physical disorder.
Excludes: tension-type headache (G44.2)

本类情况应当用於记录心理或行为因素的存在 , 这
些因素被认为对於可用 ICD-10 其他章节加以分类的身体
疾病病因 , 具有重大影响。导因的心理困扰通常是
轻微的 , 且时间拖得很久 ( 如担心、情绪冲突、害
怕 ) , 而本身并不符合本章其他疾病的特点。
心理因素影响身体状况 :
本范围所提身体疾病之实例 :
. 气喘 F54 和 J45.-
. 皮肤炎 F54 和 L23-L25
. 胃溃疡 F54 和 K25.-
. 黏液性结肠炎 F54 和 K58.-
. 溃疡性结肠炎 F54 和 K51.-
. 麻疹 F54 和 L50.-
如有需要 , 使用附码来区别相关身体疾病。
不包含 : 紧张性头痛 (G44.2)

Anxious [avoidant] personality disorder  
Personality disorder characterized by feelings of tension and apprehension, insecurity and
inferiority. There is a continuous yearning to be liked and accepted, a hypersensitivity
to rejection and criticism with restricted personal attachments, and a tendency to avoid
certain activities by habitual exaggeration of the potential dangers or risks in everyday
焦虑性 ( 畏避性 ) 人格违常
全感、及自卑感。总是渴望自己能被喜欢 , 被他人
接受 ; 敏锐地感受别人的拒绝和批评 , 因而少与他
人接触 , 并且藉者夸大日常生活中潜藏的危险性来

Pathological fire-setting [pyromania]  
Disorder characterized by multiple acts of, or attempts at, setting fire to property or
other objects, without apparent motive, and by a persistent preoccupation with subjects
related to fire and burning. This behaviour is often associated with feelings of
increasing tension before the act, and intense excitement immediately afterwards.
Excludes: fire-setting (by)(in):
. adult with dissocial personality disorder (F60.2)
. alcohol or psychoactive substance intoxication (F10-F19, with common fourth character
. as the reason for observation for suspected mental disorder (Z03.2)
. conduct disorders (F91.-)
. organic mental disorders (F00-F09)
. schizophrenia (F20.-)
* 病态纵火症 ( 放火癖 )
; 而且经常其脑海中盘旋的不外乎是与纵火或燃烧
力 , 纵火後会有高度的愉悦、满足及解脱感。
不包含 : 纵火行为发生在以下情况时 :
. 异规性人格违常之成人 (F60.2)
. 酒精或药物中毒
. 疑似有其他的精神疾病 (Z03.2)
. 行为疾患 (F91.-)
. 器质性精神疾患 (F00-F09)
. 精神分裂症 (F20.-)

Pathological stealing [kleptomania] ,br> Disorder char.lcterizcd hy
repeated failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not acquired for personal
use or monetary gain. The objects may instead be discarded, given away, or hoarded. This
behaviour is usually accompanied by an increasing sense of tension before, and a sense of
gratification during and immediately after, the act.
Excludes: depressive disorder with stealing (F31-F33)
organic mental disorders (F00-F09)
shoplifting as the reason for observation for suspected mental disorder (Z03.2)
病态偷窃症 ( 窃盗癖 )
, 但其目地并不是为了个人使用之需要 , 也不是为
, 送人或囤积起来。此障碍症之患者通常会描述 :
在从事偷窃前会感受逐渐升高的紧张和压力 , 偷窃
不包含 : 忧郁疾患的偷窃 (F31-F33)
器质性精神疾病 (F00-F09)
疑似有其他精神疾病 (Z03.2)

A disorder characterized by noticeable hair-loss due to a recurrent failure to resist
impulses to pull out hairs. The hair-pulling is usually preceded by mounting tension and
is followed by a sense of relief or gratification. This diagnosis should not be made if
there is a pre- existing inflammation of the skin, or if the hair-pulling is in response
to a delusion or a hallucination.
Excludes: stereotyped movement disorder with hair-plucking (F98.4)
此诊断之特徵是因无法抗拒拔毛的冲动 , 而有明显
的失毛现象 , 通常在发生之前 , 患者会感受逐渐增
加之压力和紧张 , 以及事後会有高度的愉悦、满足
不包含 : 重覆动作疾患之拔毛行为 (F98.4)

Other habit and impulse disorders
Other kinds of persistently repeated maladaptive behaviour that are not secondary to a
recognized psychiatric syndrome, and in which it appears that the patient is repeatedly
failing to resist impulses to carry out the behaviour. There is a prodromal period of
tension with a feeling of release at the time of the act.
Intermittent explosive disorder
其他种类的重覆性不适当行为 , 非续发於其他精神
障碍症。重覆他无法其抗拒冲动的行为 , 其有动作

Tension-type headache
Chronic tension-type headache
Episodic tension headache
Tension headache NOS

Primary open-angle glaucoma
Glaucoma (primary)(residual stage):
. capsular with pseudoexfoliation of lens
. chronic simple
. low-tension
. pigmentary
青光眼 ( 原发性的 ) ( 剩馀阶段 ) :
. 囊伴有水晶体囊假性脱落
. 慢性单纯的

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